Dr K G Umesh

Dr K G Umesh (MVSc, MSc (UK)) is a Postgraduate in Clinical Medicine. He has been a lecturer in clinical medicine at Vet College in Bangalore for 15 years, and has won the ‘best teacher’ award in the year 2000. He is a member of European Society for Vet Dermatology and is currently working for WALTHAM as Regional Associate for South Asia.

Q: My dog has hematoma. Please tell me the treatment, will it reoccur?
– Sheetal, Mumbai

Dr KG Umesh: Ear or auricular hematomas are fluctuant swellings filled with (bleeding) fluid accumulates under the skin of the inner pinna following trauma to blood vessels and separation from the underlying cartilage. This condition most commonly occurs as a result of violent head shaking or ear scratching secondary to ear infection or parasites/foreign body in ear canals. Some affected animals have no evidence of underlying ear disease. Your vet may use different drainage methods to aspirate fluid with or without medications, but recurrence is likely. The most common method to stop recurrence is surgery that involves performing a S-shaped incision in the concave surface of pinna. However, your vet can advise appropriate surgical method. There can be minor changes in the cosmetic appearance of the ear following the surgery.

Q: A stray is actually creating a menace in our colony, bitten several people including me. We are trying to remove the dog for our safety, but the dog is protected by an animal activist. What can we do? Please advice. – Dimple, Delhi

Dr KG Umesh: Whether or not the dog is predictable about when and how aggressive it will be in response to certain triggers must be considered. The dogs whose aggressive behaviours are unpredictable carry high risk to people. We tend to forget that dogs do not communicate in the same way as humans. For example, humans make eye contact when communicating and make contact through an open handshake. Both of these behaviours may be seen as a threat to dogs. Frightened and poorly socialised dogs are more likely to bite. Don’t pat, touch, nudge while he is resting, sleeping or eating. Don’t leave
infants, toddlers, or young children alone with any dog. Don’t point at, hit, slap, or otherwise punish or scare the dog. We can only suggest how to prevent dog bites and you must contact concerned corporation office or authority to move the dog to a suitable shelter.

Q: I have a 15 years old Spitz. Since last one month, she is exhibiting a worrisome behaviour. She suddenly gets excited (over nothing), runs around barking in a shrill way till she gets tired and goes to sleep later. When she gets up she is normal. Is there any clinical explanation for this behaviour and a cure? – Sujaya Rao, Bangalore

Dr KG Umesh: Your pet may require complete physical, neuro and behavioural examination to understand and find the underlying cause of this behaviour. Being a senior pet, this behaviour may be attributed to age-related degenerative changes within the brain, known as Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome (CDS) or arise from changes in home or environment which she may find difficult to adapt. Such senior pets may show this repetitive pacing, new fears, anxieties, walking in night, disorientation or poor response to stimuli. The list of other causes are many that may include an acutely stressful situation, pain or insecurity to medical causes—partial seizures, brain diseases, sensory neuropathies, toxin exposure, trauma, etc. You may capture this behaviour on your smart phone that may assist your vet to find the underlying cause. Please take her to specialist vet who can recommend
appropriate therapy to reduce or prevent progression, diet, drugs or supplements or behavioural modifications.

Q: I’m pet parent of a two-month-old Rottweiler. When do I start her training? What all commands are needed? Also, please tell me about the exercise requirements of Rottweiler?  – Sachin Agarwal, Haridwar

Dr KG Umesh: The training can be started at this age, pup can learn a number of basic words and syllables like sit or stop. These words will only be understood when strung together in a sentence. If the word has a hard consonant sound, such as sit or stay, puppies have an easier time learning it. However, they rely more on non-verbal communication. The more you understand your puppy the better your relationship with him will be. Your puppy will get all the exercise he needs from his naturally energetic play at home. Puppy doesn’t need to be encouraged to exercise. However, you have to be careful not to over-exercise him because his bones aren’t very strong. The rule is to exercise him a little, and often.

Q: I have a Yellow Labrador who recently had stone removal surgery. After the surgery he is very weak. We give him vegetarian diet. Is it sufficient? 
– Kalpana Paul, Chandigarh

Dr KG Umesh: What you have to remember is that the diet you feed your dog should be complete and balanced. This means that the balanced diet will meet all his required nutrients and energy demand, regardless of his life stage or life style. Home-made diets depending on the sources vary with respect to quality, digestibility and nutrient content, which is why it is difficult to make balanced and complete food at home (without consulting nutritionist). Most reputed commercial pet food items meet the pet’s nutritional requirements. Dogs following surgery may require special diet for faster recovery and healing. Your vet may recommend commercial recovery diets or suggest right homemade diet.