Q: I have recently got 3 beautiful Persian kitties of 3 months of age (2 females and 1 male). I don’t want to breed them. Do let me know what I should do?
– Anjali, pune
A: Dr. K. G. Umesh: Sterilization (Neutering) of cats who are not intended for breeding has become standard practice and is the best option available at present. Several published papers demonstrate that there are no long-term health risks associated with early neutering of cats (6-7 months of age). Your veterinarian will advise you when your cat will be mature enough to have the operation. Neutered cats may actually enjoy some health benefits related to behavioural changes, such as fewer fight wounds and abscesses.
Sterilization is a routine procedure because it is performed so frequently. Nevertheless, it is major abdominal surgery and requires general anaesthesia. General anaesthetics are best given when a pet has an empty stomach. Follow your veterinarian’s instructions carefully for withholding food and water before surgery. Your cat should be kept indoors for a few days after operation and prevented from excessive movements such as jumping to allow the wound to heal without complications.