Dogs don’t have sweat glands distributed throughout the body (except a minor degree through their foot pad). They depend upon panting to regulate thermoregulatory process, which increases the risk of heat stroke or heat exhaustion. Here are a few tips to make summers safe for your pooches:
- Provide him ample cool and fresh drinking water.
- Cover your pet with wet towel to avoid sun stroke.
- Do not clip all the hairs in the hot climate or dogs can get sunburn.
- Apply sun skin lotion to nose and ear tips to avoid sun burn and skin cancer also.
- It is a natural tendency for dog to eat less during hot period, hence one should not force him to eat more.
- Over aged and fatty dogs are at maximum risk, so take extra care of them.
- Exercise is always beneficial for pets but be cautious with the aged, thick coat, short nosed, fatty and overweight dogs. Consult your family veterinarian for more details, it is always beneficial to give exercise as suggested by veterinarian only.
- Take him for a walk in the cooler parts of the day.
- Never leave your dog alone in car; this can cause him a heat stroke as the temperature inside the car rise to high levels.
- Keep your pet in a cool environment.
(Dr Sanjay K Latkar, MVSc, belongs to RSPM (West) Dosch Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd, Mumbai).