Make recovery faster from injuries with Cell-Pet

Cell-Pet is a highly concentrated super energised, colloidal mineral and nutritional supplement for your pets. With the power of Oxygen, it can not only transform your pet’s healthy being, but also help him recover faster from injuries.


Skin Infection
There is a query-What is the property in Cell-Pet which works in skin infection even when the animal is in the water… Our findings are: That when Cell-Pet mixed with any aqueous cream, it does not washes out… It has worked effectively on the skin.. The  chronic skin problem healed very fast & gives satisfactory  results.. Want to know inputs..Reason: How sad to see a man’s best friend in such a poor condition:Once Cell-Pet mixed with Aqueous Cream is applied to the skin, the Cell-Pet is rapidly absorbed into the skin as the nutrient particles, which are negativ ely charged ionic colloids, are attracted to the positively-charged membranes of the skin. The nutrients are then rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream, and assimilated into the cells. The remaining Aqueous cream then keeps the affected area moist and prevents contaminated water or other germs from entering the body. Cell-Pet is highly concentrated and has a pH of 0.3 which is acidic. Once Cell-Pet is mixed with Aqueous Cream or water, the pH increases to an alkaline state of between 5.5 and 6.8. Despite its acidic nature, Cell-Pet can quite safely be placed on the tongue in undiluted form without any adverse reaction occurring. When mixed with the spit in the mouth, the pH also increases accordingly. We have effectively used Cell-Pet sprayed directly into the mouth of a dog that was choking. This resulted in reduced choking due to the additional oxygen that was immediately created. We have experienced the same effect with Cellfood and Humans.


Post-Operative Recovery with Cell-Vet® 

There are many more pets who have healed with Cell-Pet, which is an amazing supplement which can enhance nutritional biochemical activities and enable them to function optimally.
Environmentally and ecologically safe for all types of pets, it has no detrimental side-effects, and has numerous benefits for your pet. Post-Operative Recovery with Cell-Vet®
He was 11 year old horse diagnose with an Ethmoid hematoma & growth in his sinus cavity.
The heeling process is amazing, he went for his check-up scope on 03rd July, 2014 & the vet absolutely happy as there is no re-growth of hematoma & in his Sinus. His breathing is perfect.


Varied benefits of using Cell-Pet®

  • Enhances vitality and energy l Reduces lethargy or distress
  • Reduces unbalanced hyperactivity l Protects against diseases
  • Enhances optimal bodily functions l Strengthens systems, e.g.
    immune system l Balances body mass l Improves digestion
  •  Enhances texture and sheen of coat l Promotes peak performance
  •  Maintains general well-being l Powerful free radical scavenger
    with increment of the dissolved oxygen in blood l Prevents
    Atherosclerosis, a disease of the arteries


Directions for use…
Cell-Pet is highly concentrated, so it needs to be started off as a very
low dose

Some useful tips on cleaning your dog’s eyes

Pallavi Bhattacharya

The eyes of all living beings need to be clean, that includes your dog. Here are certain tips designed to help pet parents clean the eyes of their furry babies.




Certain dog breeds accumulate more dirt in their eyes than others. If your dog is long muzzled, then his eyes may gather less dirt. If he is short muzzled and has Brachycephalic features, there is high chance that his eyes will gather more dirt. The reason is that Brachycephalic dogs have protruding eyes which aren’t adequately protected because of their face shape. Dogs with light-coloured fur, which tends to get tear streaked and those breeds whose tear glands produce excessive tears, may also need more regular cleaning of the eyes.


Expert opinions

Dr Gautam Unny

Dr Gautam Unny, a vet based in New Delhi, says, “The dog’s eye can be the first indicator of health. Some breeds like Lhasa Apso, Pug and Spitz have excess discharge. If other breeds have discharge it could be either a systemic illness or blocked tear ducts. If the tear ducts are jammed, which is medically described as lachrymal duct blockage, the ducts need to be flushed. The flushing in most dogs will be done under sedation or anaesthesia. To simply clean the eyes you can use a wet soft tissue. Never use a dry towel to clean a dog’s eyes.” Mumbai-based vet Dr Avinash Shedge advises, “Never clean the eyeballs of a dog. Just use eye wipes to clean the area below and around the eyes. Don’t splash the eyes with water to clean them. Generally, the production of natural tears will flow the dirt material to the eyelid borders, from where you can simply wipe it off using eye wipes. If there is more dirt, take your dog to a vet who can clean the eyes in the needful correct manner.”


Keeping ocular dust away
There are ways with which you can prevent your dog from gathering excessive soot in his eyes. Keep your dog away from you when you’re dusting and sweeping the floor, as grime may blow into his eyes. Keep him away from household chemicals. Dissuade him from travelling in a car with his head out of the window; besides being dangerous, the dust in the air may infiltrate into his eyes. Trim the fur around his eyes, if it regularly gets into his eyes.


Eye cleaning materials
Set aside clean face cloths to clean the eyes of your dog. They need to be washed regularly, so that they don’t harbour germs. Don’t clean your dog’s ears with cotton buds or cotton wool. This is because cotton shreds may dislocate and enter the dog’s eyes, thereby creating ocular problems. Avoid using paper napkins. The napkin can be torn and paper shreds can enter the dog’s eyes. You also need to be aware of pre-moistened wipes, because these wipes may have ingredients which may harm the dog’s eyes, especially if they are wipes designed for human use.  Don’t use soap or shampoo to clean your dog’s eyes. Over the counter eye cleaners are available. So, it’s better to gain your vet’s approval before using them. Never use an eye cleanser meant for humans to clean your dog’s eyes. This is because it may have a higher concentration than those meant for dogs and likely to irritate the dog’s eyes.


Cleaning procedure
If you cannot restrain the dog on your own, you may need a helper. Hold your dog’s head and gently pull back his eyelids. You may need to snip the shaggy fur around the dog’s eyes, if it covers them. Ensure that you do not injure the dog’s eyes while doing so. Use a blunt scissors to snip off the long fur. If you are not confident of your ability to cut the dog’s fur without injuring him, refer a vet or an experienced pet groomer to do the same. If you are using an eye cleaner, put in the number of drops in his eye, which your vet has permitted you. Gently massage the area around the eyes. Then take a clean cloth and wipe the dirty debris from around the eyes. An inexperienced pet parent may move back the waste into the eyes, instead of removing them. Gently wipe out the muck from around the eyes and from the edges, using a clean cloth or tissue. Never clean the insides of the eyes. You may also use eye wipes for dogs available at veterinary stores.


Reward your dog with a treat before and after the cleaning. This will motivate him to look forward to these sessions and hopefully cooperate with you. If you however notice redness, inflammation, discharge or cloudiness in your dog’s eyes, then don’t clean it. Instead take him promptly to a vet. Medicines may be needed to treat the eye infection.
Do not use homemade eye washes you normally found via Google searches to clean your dog’s eyes.

Oral Cavities: Causes, Conditions and Controls

Dr Sonal Shrivastava

Dr OP Shrivastava

Oral cavities can be painful for your dogs and may lead to other oral problems. Here’s your guide to oral health.




Problems of oral cavity in dogs include the conditions affecting the tongue, lips, cheeks, pharynx, salivary gland, tonsils, palate and teeth.


Warning signs…
Oral cavity problems usually exhibit the signs like: Derangement in prehension; Mastication and bolus formation; Halitosis; Ptyalism; Dysphagia; Pawing at the mouth or face; Excessive salivation; Facial swelling; Sneezing and nasal discharge; Oral hypersensitivity; and Oral haemorrhages.


Inflammatory disorders
Stomatitis, gingivitis, glossitis, faucitis, cheilitis and periodontitis: These include inflammatory processes of the oral mucosa, gingival, tongue, glossopalatine folds, lips and periodontium respectively. These can be caused by Dental plaque/calculus, Immune mediated diseases (for example, food hypersensitivity, allergic contact dermatitis), Idiopathic disorders (for example, Ulcerative eosinophilic stomatitis), Immunodeficiency, Infectious diseases, Metabolic diseases, Neoplasia, Nutritional disorders and Physicochemical/traumatic causes.


Periodontal disease: It is the inflammatory disease of the supporting structure of teeth (which includes gingivitis and periodontitis).


Stage I Gingivitis (Mild or Simple Gingivitis) is characterised by swelling, congestion, redness, pain, tender gums, salivation, halitosis, bleeding.


Stage II Gingivitis (Moderate Gingivitis) is characterised by loss of attachment of tooth upto 25 percent with destructive periodontitis, presence of purulent material, intense pain, bleeding, intense halitosis, heavy plaque deposit, change in appetite and abnormal behaviour.


Stage III Gingivitis (Severe Gingivitis) features loss of attachment of tooth upto 50 percent with profuse salivation, heavy plaque and little calculus deposits, intense pain, excessive salivation, malodour, bleeding gums, anorexia, and mobility of tooth.


Stage IV Gingivitis (Advanced Gingivitis) is characterised by loss of attachment of tooth more than 50 percent with bony pockets, heavy tartar, pain, heavy salivation, intolerable halitosis, anorexia, swelling of face, mobility of tooth. Consult your vet immediately, who can conduct various tests to diagnose it. This disease can be treated by antibiotics, antifungal treatment, Anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs and oral washes. Your vet can also do dental scaling, gingivectomy and gingival flap surgery or root canal therapy. Your vet will be the best judge.


Pyorrhoea or alveolar periostitis: It is the severe stage of periodontal disease and it can only be treated by palliative therapy, which includes removal of tartar, antiseptic mouth washes and extraction of affected tooth, if necessary.


Dental calculus/tartar: Dental calculus is a mineralised plaque. A plaque is a yellowish grey substance that adheres to the tooth surface, composed of bacteria, salivary glycoprotein, and extra cellular polysaccharides. It can be treated by dental scaling.
Dental caries: It is an active, progressive disintegration of the tooth structure characterised by decay and pocket formation in the calcified tissue of the tooth. Its treatment includes removing necrotic tissues through drilling, disinfected and filled with filling material.


Carnassial tooth abscess: The carnassial tooth may become infected and result in formation of an abscess around the root. A classic symptom of this problem is discharge through the face below eye.


Treatment: Extraction of carnassial tooth corrects the problem. Extraction presents a difficulty due to the shape of tooth and the size and disposition of its three roots. The most satisfactory method is to divide the tooth between its roots and then to extract each part separately.


Polyodontia (congenital supernumerary teeth) and retained deciduous teeth: These conditions even after eruption of permanent teeth may cause malocclusion. Treatment includes dental extraction. The principle of extracting supernumerary and deciduous teeth is to displace the root with a root elevator. The first step is to loosen the gums around the neck of the tooth. Then the elevator is inserted around the root, separating from any alveolar attachment. The tooth is pulled from the socket applying rotational force.


Impacted teeth: Impacted teeth can be uncovered surgically. A small longitudinal incision of the gum, over the unerupted tooth eases eruption.


Fracture of tooth: It is common in dogs due to accident or biting on hard objects. Treatment includes smoothing off the tooth using dental drill or bur, sealing the pulp cavity and restoration of crown after endodontic treatment. In cases of longitudinal fracture of tooth where pulp cavity is exposed, extraction of tooth is recommended.


Avulsion of tooth: It is the detachment of a tooth from alveolar bone without fracture. It may occur due to trauma. In case of young dog, reimplantation of the detached tooth is practiced while in mature dog, endodontic treatment is carried out prior to reimplantation of the tooth. Purulent alveolar periostitis, pulp necrosis and resorption of root are the postoperative complications.


Conditions affecting salivary gland
Ranula (salivary cyst or mucocoel): Ranula is a transparent cyst occurring under the tongue close to the phrenum linguae. It is a retention cyst originating from the ducts of the sublingual salivary gland. Treatment includes incising the cyst to drain out the content. The cyst wall is then touched with tincture iodine to destroy its lining and prevent further accumulation of the fluid.


Salivary gland tumours: Salivary gland tumors are rare in dogs. Most are seen in dogs older than 10 years. Most salivary gland tumors are malignant, with carcinomas and adenocarcinomas the most common. Local infiltration and metastasis to regional lymph nodes and lungs are common, as is local recurrence after surgical excision. Treatment includes radiotherapy, with or without surgery.


Conditions affecting tonsils/tonsillitis: It is the inflammatory condition of the tonsils. Symptoms of acute form include retarded appetite, difficult deglutition, cough and vomition and pain on opening of the mouth. While, the chronic form is characterised by recurrent attack of acute symptoms, intermittent vomiting and hypertrophy of tonsils. Acute tonsillitis can be treated by Antimicrobial therapy or Intravenous infusions while Chronic tonsillitis by Tonsillectomy.


Epulis: It is a benign mesenchymal tumour that arises from the periodontal connective tissue and is often located near the incisors in the gingival tissue. Surgical biopsy of the oral mass is diagnostic, but fine needle aspirate or scraping may also be useful to rule out other tumours. Fibromatous and ossifying epulides are treated with surgical excision. Radiation therapy is also an effective treatment method for acanthomatous epulis. To prevent recurrence, the periodontal membrane at the neck of the tooth should be excised. In some instances it may be necessary to extract one or more teeth to expose the periodontal membrane.


Odontoma, chondroma, adamantinoma and osteoma: These neoplasms involve the hard structures surrounding the oral cavity. Their slow growth is usually accompanied by deformity of the mouth. These may be removed by a chisel, curette or rongeur, if they are recognised early.


Viral papillomatosis and warts: Viral papillomatosis is caused by Canine Oral Papillomavirus (Papovavirus) and is characterised by benign growths affecting the lips, buccal mucosa, gingiva, tongue and pharyngeal structures. If many papillae are present in buccal cavity treatment with vincrystin or anthiomaline is satisfactory. If single wart or papilla is present surgical extraction may be done.


Malignant tumours: These tumours include Malignant Melanomas, Carcinomas and Sarcomas. Malignant Melanomas are among the most common neoplasms in the tissues surrounding the oral cavity. Animals do not respond well to surgery and radiotherapy. In case of Carcinomas, basal cell carcinomas rarely metastasise and surgery may be employed if the tumour is accessible. Radiotherapy can be used alone or combined with a surgical procedure. Squamous cell carcinomas frequently metastasize. Deep radiotherapy of the initial tumour with or without treatment of adjacent lymph node is preferable. Since neurofibrosarcoma, osteogenic sarcoma, mast cell sarcoma, fibrosarcoma, spindle and round cell sarcomas respond poorly to radiotherapy and may be treated with radioactive implants and x-ray therapy as well as surgery.


Salivary gland tumours: These tumors are rare in dogs as most are seen in older pets of more than 10 years of age. Most salivary gland tumours are malignant, with carcinomas and adenocarcinomas the most common. Local infiltration and metastasis to regional lymph nodes and lungs are common, as is local recurrence after surgical excision. Radiotherapy, with or without surgery, offers the best prognosis.


Conditions affecting palate
Cleft palate and harelip: Cleft palate and harelip are congenital and are usually seen in puppies of brachycephalic type. Surgery is the only effective method of treatment and is indicated in the presence of a very narrow cleft in young pup. The patient is placed on his back and the mouth held open by a speculum. The edges of the cleft are freshened and then approximated with interrupted sutures of stainless steel wire.


Elongation of soft palate: This condition is common in certain brachycephalic breeds. It is manifested by noisy stertorous breathing, snoring, shortness of breath on exercise and frequently by reflex vomiting. Treatment includes radical resection of soft palate (uvulectomy).


Other disorders
Paralysis of facial nerve: Treatment includes administrations of Vitamin B1, B6 and B12.


Foreign bodies in mouth: Treatment involves removing the foreign bodies from the mouth and application of antiseptics.


Oronasal fistula: Oronasal fistula results most commonly from advanced periodontal disease on the palatal side of the canine teeth. As the palate of bone between the canine tooth and nasal cavity breaks down the fistula develops. Construction of a periosteal flap is the treatment of choice.


Mandibular fracture: Treatment of this includes pinning and wiring.


(Dr Sonal Shrivastava (medicine), Dr Debosri Bhowmick (surgery) and Dr OP Shrivastava (obstetrics & gynecology) work at Getwell
Dog Clinic, Saraswati Colony, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh).

“Just Like Oxygen is Important For Life, So is Cell-Pet® Important For Our Pets… For Longevity And Health. Let’s See How.”

Fungal Infection : The treatment started on 15th July 2016 July 2016, This dog has  been suffering from severe fungale infection for many months now without any  improvement or healing taking place.The picture was taken on 21 July 2016, Lots of healing has alredy taken place since the Cell-Pet® treatment started only 6 days ago. The owner only gave him 6-7 drops of Cell-Pet® twice a day by mixing on 20 ml water and also making sure that the dog drank all the water containing the Cell-Pet® Prior to being given more water to drink. It is important that animals and humans alike, drink the best quality water available.Pet’s Owner is so happy with Cell-Pet® Amazing improvement in less than 2 months as we an see, the Pic taken on 5th September 2016.


untitled-18Skin Burns : At the end of June the Cell-Pet® Team visited an NGO in India and came across the very traumatised dog that has been suffering from burnt skin for at least the past 3 months and was in obvious discomfort The Cell-Pet® Team decided to give the dog 3 drops of Cell-Pet® diluted in 15ml’s purified water orally and Recommended that his doasage be administered twice a day for 3 days. On day 4 and 5 the Cell-Pet® dosage was to be increased  to 5 drops twice a day and to 7 drop twice a day from day 6 onwards. The Treatment Started on 3rd July 2016. The anti-septic cream dilution was well stirred in order to to ensure that the Cell-Pet® is evenly distributed. This is very important as Cell-Pet® is highly concentrated and acidic. In addition to the oral dosage, the caretaker decided to apply and anti-septic lotion to which 5 drops of Cell-Pet® was added.Picture taken 24th July 2016, Lot of improvement in skin burn case… Giving 6-7 drop Cell-Pet® mixed in 20 ml water every day… The wounds have healed very nicely and no infection occurred at all! The veterinarian was very pleased with the result achieved in less than 1 month.


Cell-Pet® is a registered blend of natural plant-sourced minerals, nutrients and electrolytes and is not a medicine. Enchantrix Organic Pvt Ltd and the manufacturers make no medical claims or otherwise for the treatment, prevention, cure or mitigation of disease. If your Pet has a medical condition, we recommend you consult a Veterinarian.


How to take care of newborn puppies

Dr Karthik V Kuttan

If you are either a breeder or a pet parent, arrival of a litter of newborn puppies will always be an excitement! But it’s vital to know how to take care of the newborns. Let’s see how.




Canine pregnancy is unique among all domestic pet animals as whelping, an act of giving birth, in dogs is longer in duration than others. The duration could be ranged from 6 to 8 hours on an average, but could be upto 24 hours depending upon the litter size. Mother dogs will exhibit nesting behaviour, restlessness, floor scratching and greenish black vaginal discharge as signs of approaching parturition. There will be a drop in rectal temperature of the dog about 24 hours prior to parturition.


Average litter size
In general, average litter size in canines can be ranged from 1 to 12 puppies, depending upon the breed. Greenish vaginal discharge or appearance of the first water bag can be considered as reliable signs of commencement of parturition. Each puppy is delivered at about half an hour to one hour interval. If a delay in expulsion of puppies or any other problem occurs at the time of parturition, immediate veterinary assistance should be sought.


Whelping process and neonatal care
Newborn puppies are delivered with fetal membranes covered all over the body. The mother dog usually tears off the fetal membranes and facilitates breathing in the neonates. If the dog is not caring her newborns, it is the duty of the breeder to break and clear the fetal membranes from the face and the body of the neonates. The neonate is then vigorously rubbed over his back with a towel to stimulate respiration. The head of the neonate is kept in a downward direction in order to drool out the aspirated fluids from the nostrils. Traditional method of swinging or shaking the puppy is no longer practiced because of the risk of cerebral trauma. As the neonate begins to breathe normally, the umbilical cord is legated at about two cm from the body, the cord is severed and antiseptic lotion is applied at the broken end. The neonate is then dried either by wiping with a towel or by using a hairdryer.


Neonates are not small adults
Canine neonates are poikilothermic, which means they are not able to maintain body temperature by themselves, they depend on environmental temperature to keep themselves warm. Warmth can be provided by placing the neonates over warm water bottles covered with a towel or a 40 watt electric bulb. Environmental temperature should be maintained at 30-33°C for the first 24 hours and later brought down to about 26-30°C within 4 to 6 days. If the temperature is too high for the neonates, they tend to move away from the heat source and if the temperature is low, they tend to cuddle together as ‘puppy piles’.


Mother’s need
A healthy canine neonate appears to be active with pink mucous membranes and will crawl around in search of heat. They are born with their eyelids and ear canals closed and will open only at about 10-14 days after birth. During this time neonates solely depend on their mother for nutrition. It is always necessary to provide colostrum, the first milk which is rich in nutrients and antibodies, to the neonates within half an hour after birth. The colostrum is rich in proteins and other nutrients and also contains maternal antibodies that provide sufficient immunity to the newborns. The puppies should be fed at two hour interval if they are not kept with their mother. Since puppies represent the economic part of dog breeding, reducing the neonatal mortality eventually increases the financial return of the breeders. So, the success of a breeder depends on the neonatal care that he provides to decrease neonatal mortality.


(Dr Karthik V Kuttan is Deputy Manager (AH), Kerala Livestock Development Board, Kolahalamedu, Idukki, Kerala).

Food items to be avoided for your pooch

Dr Anuradha Nema

Dr Anuradha Nema

Sharing our food with our pet is something many of us do and love to do. Generally pet parents slip something or anything from their plates under the dining table for their pooches. But pooches shouldn’t be given every food we eat. Let’s find out why is it so.



This article has listed some of the food items we normally eat, which are however dangerous if eaten by our pooches. Here the point is we should not poison our pooch by giving the eatables meant for us (human).


Chocolates: Caffeine and theobromine present in chocolates have toxic effects on cardiac and nervous system of dogs. Cooking chocolate contains the most theobromine followed by dark chocolate, milk chocolate and white chocolate. Symptoms of chocolate poisoning among pooches include increased heart rate, vomiting, diarrhoea, restlessness, hyperactivity, muscle tremors and increased urination. In acute cases, there may be seizure, coma and ultimately fatality may follow within 24 hours.


Alcoholic beverages: Alcohol is toxic to dogs. Its toxicity can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, difficulty in breathing and tremors. In extreme cases, it may also cause depression of the central nervous system and fatality.


Coffee and tea: Coffee and tea we normally drink contain caffeine that stimulates the central nervous system and the heart, which is bad to our pooches. Symptoms of caffeine poisoning among pet dogs include vomiting, restlessness, a racing heart and fatality in severe cases.


Egg white (raw): Raw egg white contains Avidin, a protein, which depletes Biotin (Vitamin-B). Biotin is essential for growth and coat health. Its deficiency can lead to hair loss, growth retardation, weakness and skeletal deformity.


Raw fish: Feeding raw fish to our pooches can result in thiamine deficiency, which may lead to loss of appetite, seizures and even loss of life.


Milk and dairy products: About 50 percent of dogs are lactose intolerant, i.e. insufficient amount of lactase enzyme is present to breakdown milk lactose. Heavy milk feeding to our pooches may result in loose/watery faeces.


Grapes and raisins: Consumption of graves and raisins can cause kidney failure in dogs. As little as a single serving of raisins can lead a dog to fatality. Repeated vomiting and hyperactivity are early signs of grapes and raisin poisoning among dogs.


Baby food: Dogs consuming baby food can result in nutritional deficiencies and loose/watery faces. It won’t meet growing puppy‘s nutritional requirements.


Bones from fish, poultry or other meat sources: Bones/splinters can cause choking, obstruction or laceration of digestive system among dogs.


Liver (large amounts): Raw liver or excessively cooked liver (three servings a week) can lead to Vitamin-A toxicity in dog. It can affect the pet’s muscles and cause deformed bones, excessive bone growth on elbows and spine, weight loss and anorexia. Liver toxicity is more common in cats.


Excessive fat: Too much fried foods or fat trimmings from ham and other meats could lead to pancreatitis, an inflammation of pancreas with symptoms ranging from mild discomfort to an extremely painful condition with a life threatening blood infection (sepsis) and internal bleeding. Poultry skin is also high in fat content. Another concern is that food with high fat is hard to digest and slows movement of stomach for dogs.


Onion and garlic: Onion and garlic contain sulfoxides, disulfides and thiosulphates. Dogs consuming these items can develop haemolytic anaemia due to destruction of the red blood cells. Onion is more toxic than garlic. In this case, cats are more susceptible than dogs.


Yeast dough (bread): Too much dough to a dog can expand and produce gas in gastro-intestinal tract, causing pain and may rupture stomach or intestines.


Potatoes (green) or potato sprouts: These vegetables contain solanine glycosides which can cause vomiting, abdominal pain, bloody diarrhoea, nervous system stimulation, depression, trembling, paralysis and cardiac arrest among dogs.


Mouldy or spoiled food, garbage: Spoiled food can contain multiple toxins that can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and can also affect other organs, if consumed by our pooches.


Avocado: Avocados contain a substance called ‘persin’, which is highly toxic in most animals, including dogs. Consumption of avocados among dogs can cause abdominal pains, vomiting and diarrhoea.


Table scraps (large amounts): Generally table scraps aren’t nutritionally balanced. Take care that fat should be trimmed from meat and bones should not be fed. Another concern is that whenever we give our dog extra food high in fat, sugar and calorie, then there is risk of dogs becoming obese. Therefore table scraps should never be more than 10 percent of the diet.


Macadamia nuts: Toxicity of macadamia nuts may cause muscle weakness, inability to walk, especially in the hind legs of the pet. Other adverse effects include vomiting, staggering gait, depression, tremors and elevated body temperature.


Highly salty food: Avoid giving your dog too much salt, particularly when the pet has kidney problem. Another concern is that salty food items are often high in calorie and fat, so amount of it for dogs should be limited.


Xylitol (sugar free chewing gums): Doggies consuming diets containing sweetner xylitol can cause a sudden drop in their blood sugar, resulting in depression, loss of co-ordination, seizures and even life threatening.


(Dr Anuradha Nema is Assistant Professor at the Department of Veterinary Surgery & Radiology, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Rewa, Madhya Pradesh and Dr Vichar Nema is Assistant Commandant in Siddarth Nagar, UP).

All you need to know about roundworms

Dr Amarnath Muthukrishnan

Dr Amarnath Muthukrishnan

Canine roundworms are a serious health issue in dogs which, if not treated earlier, can result in severe illness or even death, especially among puppies.



Roundworms belong to Ascarid family and two important species in dogs are Toxocara canis and Toxascaris leonine. Before you treat roundworms in dogs, it is important to know about how roundworms spread, its symptoms, and how it should be treated.


How roundworms spread…
Roundworms need a host for completing its highly complex lifecycle. They spread through one of the following routes:


From mother’s womb to pup: Prenatal infection is the most common cause. The already infected mother transmits roundworm larvae to infect the developing fetus. Puppies thus are born with worms in their intestines.


Through mother’s milk: Nursing mother dogs may pass the larvae to puppies via milk.


Through other dogs: Infected adults release microscopic worm eggs in their feces or vomit, which in turn may be ingested by other dogs and puppies (You know dogs have this habit of licking and sniffing other dogs’ feces). Although older dogs rarely fall ill due to this, they become lifelong carriers of roundworms in their intestines.


Through other animals/birds: The occasional predation of roundworm infected mouse, rodent or bird by your unguarded dog may result in infection.


Symptoms that your pup is infected…
There are usually no symptoms in primary stages of infection. Worm eggs and larvae can remain dormant in pet’s body and become active only during pregnancy and also in conditions of stress. As the population of roundworms increase, they begin to show in feces or vomit and are quite large (up to 5 inches) to be visible. Highly infected pooches will show ‘classic’ signs – pot-belly and persistent diarrhoea. Other signs include weakness, lethargy, weight loss, insomnia, stomach pain, and a dull coat.


Prevention is  better than cure…
• Dispose dog feces as soon as possible to avoid the transmission.
• Treat females before breeding and during late pregnancy.
• Deworm puppies at a young age, preferably as early as 2 or 3 weeks.


untitled-29Treatment for Roundworms in dogs is a proven, effective dewormer chewable tablet containing three active ingredients – Praziquantel, Pyrantel Pamoate and Febantel – active against major species of worms, including roundworms. Seek your veterinarian’s advice for dosage and prevention.

(Dr Amarnath Muthukrishnan is a senior veterinary surgeon at Amulya Pet Specialty Clinic, Salem, Tamil Nadu).