Cell-Pet

“Just Like Oxygen is Important For Life, So is Cell-Pet® Important For Our Pets.. For Langevity And Health. Let’s See How.”

 

untitled-17Fungal Infection : The treatment started on 15th July 2016 July 2016, This dog has  been suffering from severe fungale infection for many months now without any  improvement or healing taking place.The picture was taken on 21 July 2016, Lots of healing has alredy taken place since the Cell-Pet® treatment started only 6 days ago. The owner only gave him 6-7 drops of Cell-Pet® twice a day by mixing on 20 ml water and also making sure that the dog drank all the water containing the Cell-Pet® Prior to being given more water to drink. It is important that animals and humans alike, drink the best quality water available.Pet’s Owner is so happy with Cell-Pet® Amazing improvement in less than 2 months as we an see, the Pic taken on 5th September 2016.

 

untitled-18Skin Burns : At the end of June the Cell-Pet® Team visited an NGO in India and came across the very traumatised dog that has been suffering from burnt skin for at least the past 3 months and was in obvious discomfort The Cell-Pet® Team decided to give the dog 3 drops of Cell-Pet® diluted in 15ml’s purified water orally and Recommended that his doasage be administered twice a day for 3 days. On day 4 and 5 the Cell-Pet® dosage was to be increased  to 5 drops twice a day and to 7 drop twice a day from day 6 onwards. The Treatment Started on 3rd July 2016. The anti-septic cream dilution was well stirred in order to to ensure that the Cell-Pet® is evenly distributed. This is very important as Cell-Pet® is highly concentrated and acidic. In addition to the oral dosage, the caretaker decided to apply and anti-septic lotion to which 5 drops of Cell-Pet® was added.Picture taken 24th July 2016, Lot of improvement in skin burn case… Giving 6-7 drop Cell-Pet® mixed in 20 ml water every day… The wounds have healed very nicely and no infection occurred at all! The veterinarian was very pleased with the result achieved in less than 1 month.

 

Cell-Pet® is a registered blend of natural plant-sourced minerals, nutrients and electrolytes and is not a medicine. Enchantrix Organic Pvt Ltd and the manufacturers make no medical claims or otherwise for the treatment, prevention, cure or mitigation of disease. If your Pet has a medical condition, we recommend you consult a Veterinarian.

 

How can I help my ageing dog live

how-can-i-help-my-ageing-do-livegoogle chromecast extension

What makes our pooches special?

Amrita

Amrita

 

Pet parents would definitely agree that pooches are precious. They are special and will always be special. Let’s see why.

 

 

Recently, a Bengaluru girl made news when she turned down a marriage proposal because the prospective groom did not like dogs. While many may not agree with her decision, those who love the four-legged will understand exactly why she did it. It also brings to mind a quote I read of Charles de Gaulle, former president of the French Republic, “The better I get to know men, the more I find myself loving dogs.” A recent survey titled ‘Pets Over Everything’, conducted by the overseas corporate housing firm ADOBO, has revealed how important and valuable pets are to their pet parents. As per the results of the survey, most pet parents were seen to value their pets more than their material things. Not just that, nearly two-thirds of the respondents said they ‘prefer their pets over their significant others’. Similar survey by the AP and Petside.com revealed that 14 percent of people who participated said that they would rather break up with their partner rather than parting with their pet.So, what is about the pets who make them take precedence over everything and everyone else?

 

Unconditional love
Actor Robert Wagner rightly said, “A dog will teach you unconditional love. If you can have that in your life, things won’t be too bad.” Anyone who has ever had a dog for a pet would agree that if there’s one thing that’s most special about dogs is that they give you their unconditional love. No matter how your treat them, how many mood swings you subject them to and how many times you turn them away, they still want to be with you, love you and seek your love. And the only thing they want in return is to be with you.

 

Always there for you
Dogs provide us with a sense of comfort, companionship and security that no matter what happens they will always be there for us. Many dog lovers find this aspect most appealing about their pets. “They are always happy to see us; the joyous welcome they give us makes us feel loved, wanted and valued,” says Pritika, an ardent dog-lover. It’s no wonder then that author Dean Koontz said, “Once you have had a wonderful dog, a life without one, is a life diminished.”

 

De-stressing effect
Everyone who has a dog will agree that dogs are the biggest de-stressors ever. No matter how tensed, irritable or angry one is with one’s life, the moment our dogs come around us, the tension dissipates. “I can actually feel my nerves relaxing the moment my dog nuzzles me, or comes and sits by me. The moment I see or touch my dog, I feel at peace. In my stressful work life, I can’t imagine how I can survive without my dog to calm me down,” says Anmol, who works in the newsroom and often suffers from anxiety attacks. Like him, there are many who feel that spending time with dogs is like meditation. “They calm you down, bring about that sense of peace and relax your jittery nerves, just as in meditation,” says Radhika, a psychology student. That’s why author Kristan Higgins said, “When an 85 pound mammal licks your tears away, then tries to sit on your lap, it’s hard to feel sad.”

 

Dogs are always faithful
Renowned dog trainer Cesar Millan rightly says, “Dogs don’t rationalise. They don’t hold anything against a person. They don’t see the outside of a human but the inside of a human.” In a world where relationships have become so fragile, dogs seem to be the most faithful. Their feelings don’t change with the tide of time. They continue to love us, stand by us and remain loyal to us despite our failings or shortcomings.

 

Love you for what you are and who you are
And last but not the least, one thing that is most endearing about dogs is that they love you for what you are, not for who you are. For them, we are their whole world, their entire universe and their very raison de etre. It is not for nothing that photographer and writer Roger Caras said, “Dogs are not our whole life, but they make our lives whole.”

Helping your dog empty his anal sacs

Garima Singhal with Bruno Boo

Garima Singhal with Bruno Boo

If your dog suddenly takes to rubbing his butt on the floor, bed or carpet, or starts to ‘scoot’-drag his butt on a surface as he moves along, or is chasing his butt, or licks, chews or tries to bite his anal area, you might be in for a not so pleasant and slightly dubious experience of expressing your dog’s anal glands.

 

As a pet parent, you should be aware of the most common problem with anal glands occurs when inflammation of the anus causes swelling at the site of the anal gland discharge. The material of the gland starts to accumulate, creating discomfort for the pet. Some dogs bite their rear or twirl continuously in a circle, and in some dogs, there is a gross fishy odour, which indicates that it is time for a clean up,” says Lopa Saikia, co-founder and pet groomer at Ruff in Bangalore

 

The anatomy…
Anal glands or anal sacs are small grape like glands located just below the anus to the either side. These are located just below the sphincter of the anus, the flap-like opening that covers the anus when not in use. In dogs, these glands are occasionally also referred to as ‘scent glands’. You might have noticed how dogs sniff each other’s bums when they meet. These glands secrete vital pheromones that carry all sorts of information about the dog – where they’re from, what they do, what’s their position in the pack hierarchy and so on. The glands are connected by two tiny ducts that lead to the anus. Secretions of these glands are expelled with every bowel movement, which is also the reason why dogs insist on sniffing, inspecting, and if need be, overriding every dropping and poop they encounter.

 

The problems…
In times of stress, the odours of these glands can change, and occasionally, if you notice a very musty, distinct odour about your dog that has nothing to do with flatulence or skin infections, it could be stress, and it is helpful to detect the source and cause of this stress and rectify the situation. These scent glands are located so strategically that if the diet of the dog is consistent and the dog has regular, well formed and reasonably hard stools, they empty out on their own. For thousands of years, dogs and cats have existed with anal glands in their body, without needing human assistance to empty them. But since veterinary science and grooming methodologies became prevalent and commonplace, more and more dogs are regularly getting their anal glands expressed. Due to recurrent expressing, the tiny ducts that connect the gland to the rectum get inflamed and swollen and shut. Also, the muscles in the anal area which are responsible for the movement of fluid from the glands loses its tone and is no longer able to perform the natural function of emptying the anal sacs. This causes accumulation of the anal gland fluid and severe pain, itching, irritation, and inflammation. To get rid of this discomfort, the dog starts to scoot along the floor or bites or claws at his anus. The secondary effect of an inflamed anal gland is that the infection can travel up the gastrointestinal tract and cause poor health of the GI tract and even leading to irritable bowel disease and inflammation of other internal organs.

 

How to express the anal glands yourself?
For mild cases, if you do not wish to vist the vet or the groomer, you can learn to express the anal gland yourself. But it is best to have someone who knows the process teach you the first time, and then follow up on the instructions. Only attempt to express the gland when there are two people involved in the process and you are sure of your dog’s temperament that he or she will not react aggresively as the process can be more than a little painful for the dog. Looking at it from behind, the glands are located on each side of the anus, one at 4 ‘o’ clock and the other at 8 ‘o’ clock immediately around the anal opening.

  • Things you will need: Keep treats handy. Have a washcloth or disposable paper towel ready to prevent squirts.
  • Readying for process: Small dogs can be placed on a table, while you can kneel behind a big dog.
  • Restrain: One person can restrain the dog by placing one arm around the dog’s neck and the other around his body and reaching all the way under his belly. Do this in a gentle way without appearing threatening to the dog.
  • Treat and appreciate: Treat the dog for being calm and for allowing you to handle him
    this way.
  • Ready yourself: Put on a pair of disposable latex surgical gloves and wet the index finger and thumb with petroleum jelly or a water based lubricant.
  • Finding them: Locate your dog’s anal glands by lifting his tail and palpating on either side of the anus at 4 and 8 ‘o’ clock.
  • Expressing anal sacs: Holding the towel over the anus, begin applying firm but gentle pressure to the sacs. This should cause some of the fluid from the sacs to be expelled through the rectum and out through the anus.
  • Clean him: Wipe your dog’s behind clean. Give him a gentle wash with water if required.If you are alarmed at how messy this process will be, the secretions are minute for a minor impaction, and you shouldn’t smell anything. If you do, take your dog to the vet for examination in case of an infection or inflammation. Under no circumstance should expression of the anal gland be a regular procedure and nature should be allowed to do its job which is best for the dog’s health and well being.(Garima Singhal is a behaviourist, neurobiologist, school teacher and a long-term per parent)

 

untitled-7Tips to take care of your pet’s anal health

  • Never: DO NOT express your pet’s
    anal glands.
  • Balanced diet a must: Feed them a species appropriate diet which results in a well-formed, firm stool so that the glands express on their own and there is no cause for fluid build up.
  • Fibre works for dogs too: If there is a mild buildup, then increasing fibre, or probiotics, which would lead to harder and firmer stools will usually solve the problem.
  • Stop: If you have been getting the glands expressed till now, it is time to stop and change the pet’s diet to allow the system to revert to normal.
  • Seek a vet: If there is an underlying infection of some sort, due to which fluid accumulation or buildup of any sort has happened, or if the duct has swollen shut to the point that the animal is scooting or biting his rear, they might need to have the glands expressed once. Once the inflammation is dealt with, revert to the
    fourth point.
  • Take help from a professional: In the case of an emergency, as described in the fifth point, it is important to get veterinary or grooming help from professionals who know how much pressure to apply to just allow for the glands to open and empty. If you see blood or pus around the anus, or if there is severe redness and inflammation, or there is swelling and severely foul odour or if your dog is in extreme discomfort, DO NOT attempt to express the gland by yourself. It is best to get professional medical help.

Choosing the right treats for your dog

Dr Ritesh Sood

Dr Ritesh Sood

 

If you are a pet parent, you would know how satisfying it is to reward your dog with some treats. But it is important to choose the right treat for your pooch.

 

Dog treats are always known to be one of the best ways to bond with your pet. They can offer great motivation for your dog during training and while inculcating good behaviour. It is hard to resist yourself from sharing these healthy tidbits to your pooch when he looks at you with those big, round eyes and drool dripping down his jaws, after a busy work-out and training session. However, one thing that has always bothered many pet parents is to choose the right treat for your dog. Below is a quick guide that you could use while buying treats for your dog.

 

Age matters
The dog’s nutritional requirements essentially vary on the basis of their age. Each dog, of any breed, will have to be given different treats that meet their needs when they are at different life stages. Puppies, aged between 0-2 years, are prone to indigestion and low immunity, and need treats that can not only provide nutrition but these additional health benefits. On the other hand, for adult dogs aged between 2-7 years, select treats that can provide health benefits such as supporting skin health and overall fitness. Senior dogs aged 7 years and above commonly have weak joints and are much stressed. Treats with added benefits like supporting joint health and stress control are of much benefit for senior dogs.

 

Nutrition & quantity
Undoubtedly, dogs love treats and it is hard to deny them of it. However, it is important to know that the treats should be fed moderately. Overfeeding may lead to obesity issues. Choosing a nutritious treat is just as important to ensure your pet leads a healthy life. Select treats that offers a balanced nutrition and includes special health benefits. A word of advice, treats ideally should not constitute more than 10 percent of your dog’s total calorie intake.

 

Ingredients
Even though treats are not fed as a diet, it is vital to ensure that ingredients in the treats don’t disrupt their appetite. Many forms of treats are available in the market but one must choose the right treats depending on the breed and age of the dog. Treats with special health benefits and nutrition are much more preferred over the treats that only provide nutrition. You may also choose treats that are low in calories, low in fat and high in protein. Do consult your vet for advice.

 

Do not overfeed
Dog treats are just as important as their regular meals. It can sometimes be detrimental to their overall health if you over feed your dog with treats. It is essential for pet parents to be highly responsible while choosing the right treat and offering it to them at healthy moderation. After all, healthy pets make happy pets and pet parents.
(Dr Ritesh Sood is product manager – Animal Health Division at The Himalaya Drug Company.)

Oxygen for life: Cell-Pet

Just like oxygen is important for life, so is Cell-Pet important for our pets…for longevity and health. Let’s see how.
5According to Limca Book of World Records, oldest living dog was Tom, a Pomeranian  belonging to Shyama Prasanna Sen of Uttar Pradesh. He was 22 years and five months old as on June 22, 2015. What’s more? This dog was on Cell-Pet. There is a female Daschund named Tulsi from Delhi. She had sugar problem, due to which her hind legs got paralysed. Also, she lost her vision. On 1st June 2016, a vet from Ashok Vihar in Delhi recommended Cell-Pet (Immune Booster). In the next 15 days, we started observing improvement in  Tulsi’s legs; so, we continued with Cell-Pet. It took three months for overall improvement which controlled the sugar plus the paralysis.

 

Handling Skin problems…
untitled-125This Pug’s treatment with Cell-Pet started on 01-06-2016. The Cell-Pet can applied mixing with any aqueous cream; and so the pet was given drink mixing with water daily. On 05-06-2016 the pet received a magical improvement because it oxygenated inside & outside. Today, the pet parent is very happy. After two weeks, the final result is 100 percent cured on 15-06-2016

 

gddHow Cell-Pet works?
Cell-Pet is a liquid, highly-concentrated, super-energized, colloidal mineral and nutritional supplement, which you add to the drinking water of your Pet on a daily basis, in order to maintain its peak performance and general well-being. As a dynamic multi-action agent, Cell-Pet is environmentally and ecologically safe for all types of pets. It has no detrimental side-effects, and has numerous benefits for your Pet, which include enhancing vitality and energy, reducing lethargy or distress and unbalanced hyperactivity, protecting against diseases, enhancing optimal bodily functions, strengthening systems, e.g. immune system, balancing body mass, improving digestion, enhancing texture and sheen of coat, promoting peak performance and maintaining general well-being. The process of healing sometimes includes a healing crisis, also known as the detox reaction or the cleansing reaction. During a healing crisis, the dog can feel even worse than before the Cell-Pet treatment began.

 

Can Cell-Pet be given in any  form of food?
If you add Cell-Pet to the food, the product enters the body through the digestive system,
where up to 30 percent will be discarded. Take small proportion of food, add dosage of CELL-PET & give to your loved one. But, when you add it in water, the Cell-Pet which is
in colloidal form, enters the blood stream directly via the mucous membranes of the mouth
and oesophagus ensuring that 100 percent of the product is absorbed. If the user wants
to add it to the food, the dosage is to be increased by as much as 30 percent, so instead of using 3 drops, increase the dosage to 5 drops, etc. Further, you can add Cell-Pet to any liquid provided the temperature is below 25oC.

 

562How to use it on skin? Cell-Pet is very acidic and can cause a lot of pain to the animal when applied to the wound, Lick Granuloma or any acute or chronic skin disease or infection But, it is recommended that Cell-Pet be mixed with a cream or gel such as aqueous cream prior to being rubbed on the wound or mixed with an anti-fungal liquid prior to rubbing it on the Lick Granuloma or skin disease/infection.

Everything you wanted to know about Rabies

Dr Ashwini Kumar Singh

Dr Ashwini Kumar Singh

Dr Kumar Mangalam Yadav

Dr Kumar Mangalam Yadav

Rabies can adversely affect you and your pet. Here’s how to prevent rabies and manage it, if it occurs.

 

 

 

Rabies, one of the oldest recognised diseases, is a highly fatal viral infection of the central nervous system, which occurs in warm blooded animals. This disease causes inflammation of the brain leading to death.

 

Rabies transmission
The rabies is transmitted by the bites of affected animals. In India, dogs are mainly responsible for maintaining the disease and transmitting it to human beings. Jackals, foxes and wolves, etc maintain the disease in sylvatic areas. Mongoose also suffers from the disease and can transmit it. Rabies is not transmitted to pups through mother. There are higher chance of transmission through their mother lick and bites.

 

untitled-21Symptoms of rabies
These may be described in three phases – the prodromal, the excitative and the paralytic form. Predominant excitative phase in usually termed as ‘furious rabies’ and predominantly paralytic as ‘dumb rabies’.

 

Prodromal phase: During this phase, there is a change in the temperament of the dog, who might turn aggressive and snappy. The dog usually refuses to take food, there may be slight rise in temperature, dilatation of the pupil and sluggish corneal reflex.

 

Excitation phase: After 2-3 days, the dog becomes increasingly irritable and restless; photophobia may be become apparent. He will not take food but will show a tendency to eat unnatural things like soil, straw, stone, wood etc. At this stage, he develops biting tendency and bites anyone coming in his way. Eyes become fixed and staring and appear expressionless. Paralytic symptoms appear in the form of dropped lower jaw, tongue hanging out, excessive salivation, change in voice and loss of voice.
Paralytic stage: In this stage, the dog hides in the dark place, like under the furniture. In most cases, there is characteristic changes in his bark due to laryngeal paralysis and then to pharyngeal spasm and paralysis, causing the animal to drool saliva. Paralysis of the whole body occurs followed by coma and death. The whole clinical course of the disease may last upto a maximum of 10 days. One should be alert in certain cardinal signs, especially jaw paralysis and the typical bark.

 

Duration of disease
The period of incubation is roughly 10 days to one year and it depends on several factors including the site through which the virus enters into the body. If the site is closer to the brain, the disease spreads faster, resulting to death within five to seven days.

 

How is rabies diagnosed?
Clinical diagnosis: The diagnosis of rabies is one of the most difficult and important duties that veterinarian is called upon to perform. In most of the cases, the probability of human exposure, failure to recognise the disease may place human life in jeopardy. History of dog bite, sometimes prior to the development of disease, is usually most important for diagnosis.

 

Laboratory diagnosis: It includes –

  • Rabies fluorescent antibody test
  • Dot immunobinding assay
  • Histopathological examination
  • Mouse inoculation test
  • Virus isolation
  • Radioimmune assay

 

Prevention
All dogs and cats should be vaccinated against rabies at three months of age and revaccinated one year later. There are two types of vaccines in use: Nerve tissue vaccines and Tissue Culture vaccines.

 

untitled-22Management of animals who bite humans
A healthy dog, who bites a person, should be confined and observed for 10 days. It is recommended that rabies vaccine not be administered during the observation period. Such animals should be evaluated by veterinarian at the first sign of illness during confinement. Any illness in the animal should be reported immediately to the local health department.

 

Management for human bitten by rabid animals

  • Flush and clean the bite wound with plenty of soap and water to remove and kill the virus as much as possible. After cleaning with soap solution, the wound should be treated by applying diluted solution of cetavlon. Strong corrosives like carbolic acid, silver nitrate and nitric acid are not preferred now-a-days.
  • Do not put sutures to the wound as far as possible. In case suturing is unavoidable, use antirabies immunoglobuline locally.
  • Do not cover the wound with plaster or sealing bandage.
  • Antibiotics and prophylaxis for tetanus should be advocated as per the merit of case.
  • Immunosuppressing agent like corticosteroids should not be given during the immunization period.
  • Immediately follow the post exposure antirabies vaccination schedule. Previously immunized human will receive vaccine as per schedule.

(Dr Ashwini Kumar Singh and Dr Kumar Manglam Yadav are students of Mahatma Gandhi Veterinary College, Bharatpur, Rajasthan).

We have HEART MATTERS TOO!

Did you know dogs can also suffer from heart problems? Here, we focus on the acquired heart diseases of dogs.

–by Col Virendra Kumar

Contrary to popular belief, heart diseases and associated problems in dogs are quite common. However, specific diagnosis of the problem may not be easily available to pet parents in certain cases because of non-availability of specialised diagnostic facilities. Specialisation will emerge in Veterinary profession as well as the new trends in pet parenting emerge and customer expectation grows. There can be many potential causes of heart diseases. Any form of heart disease, may lead to a clinical situation in which heart fails to respond to the demand of the body, popularly known as ‘Heart Failure’.

 

Types of heart diseases
Heart diseases can be congenital or acquired. Congenital heart disease is present at the time of birth. Acquired heart diseases are those which results due to wear and tear of the heart, with or without infection or injury. Middle aged or old dogs suffer from acquired heart disease. Vulnerability varies from breed to breed and dog to dog depending upon lifestyle.

 

Acquired heart diseases
Diseases of the heart which occur as a result of wear and tear of the heart (Acquired Heart Diseases) include:

  • Valvular disease-Though all the breeds are susceptible, smaller breeds show more vulnerability. Mitral valve is commonly affected.
  • Myocardial diseases- Heart muscles are affected, common in larger breeds. Also called cardiomyopathy.
  • Cardiac Arrhythmias- When electrical system of the heart is affected and abnormal heart beats are heard (cardiac murmur).
  • Pericardial disease- When outermost layer of the heart is affected, it puts the restriction on function of heart beat.
  • Infections – Especially Parvo virus infection.
  • Injury- Specially due to Heart worm infestation.

The symptoms produced may be identical and differential diagnosis is a must. Overall, it is the vet’s clinical judgment to deploy the diagnostic tools.

 

Medications to manage heart disease
There are many options available with the vet who will decide based on the diagnosis, overall clinical profile of the dog and severity of the disease.
Diuretics: These are generally used to remove the extra fluid that results from suboptimal heart function (heart failure).
ACE inhibitors (Antiotensin-converting enzymes: These cause vasodilatation and thus results into lower blood pressure. It can be used to monitor hypertension.
Vasodilators and Vasoconstriction drugs: Depending upon the requirement, doctor can prescribe these.
Inotropes: These increase the intensity of heart contraction.
Medications that reduce blood clotting: These are used to prevent thromboembolism which results into blockage of artery thus preventing circulation.

 

Nutritional supplements: Many of the heart conditions respond to supplements such as Taurine or L-carnitine. Anti-oxidants such as coQ10 are also used by some. It is basically vet’s discretion and he must be consulted. Incidence of acquired heart disease is increasing now though authentic data may not be available for India. Geriatric patients are more vulnerable as wear and tear of the heart increases in old age. Life style changes are required along with the correct diagnosis to institute a correct treatment regimen so that your dog can lead the normal life.

 

untitled-15Diagnosis
Diagnosis will be very critical and veterinarian has to play a critical role in diagnosis and in prescribing the correct line of treatment.
Physical examination: of the patient is most critical. Presence of fluid in lungs or abdomen can be found out. Cardiac murmur can be heard with auscultation. Vet may look for coughing by the dogs along with other associated symptoms.
X-Ray: It is another important tool available with the Vet which can help in diagnosis based on increased shape and size of the heart, and increased size of the blood vessels. It can also substantiate the presence of fluid in abdominal cavity and in lungs, leading to the diagnosis of heart failure. Presence of ascites (fluid in abdominal cavity) can also be substantiated with X-Ray , also seen in cases of heart failure.
Echocardiogram: Ultrasonic examination is another very important tool for the confirmatory diagnosis of all the heart diseases. ECG is for recording the electrical activity of the heart especially for abnormal heart beats or arrhythmias.
Other tests: Supporting evidence can be through thyroid testing and with antibiotic sensitivity test, depending upon the clinical condition of the dog. Blood level of Taurine can also help in diagnosis of certain heart problem.

(Col Virendra Kumar, MSD Animal Health)

Cell-Pet: A boon for pet parents!

Here’s how to heal your pooch
from various diseases.
A seven-year-old Pug named Broozo suffered from severe chronic Mange skin infection for the last six years. Marwah, the pet parent in Noida, consulted many veterinarians across Delhi & Noida but there was no improvement to Broozo’s skin condition. Marwah then referred to a vet in New Friends Colony in New Delhi who administered Cell-Pet at a dosage of six drops of Cell-Pet mixed in 20 ml drinking water in a syringe which was then sprayed 55into the Pug’s mouth. The vet also instructed that 3-4 drops of Cell-Pet is to be mixed into some Aqueous Cream which was to be rubbed on to the mange infected skin areas on a daily basis. Broozo’s condition had improved considerably since Cell-Pet was administered. Cell-Pet had oxygenated the body from the inside and the outside. Broozo’s skin improved. All the open wounds had healed nicely and Broozo is almost back to normal.

 

Facts on mange…
Mange is a type of inflammatory skin disease caused by tiny parasitic mites on dogs. There are two basic types of mange, Sarcoptic and Demodectic, which have separate causes and symptoms. It is important to be able to identify the signs of each, and to understand the difference between them. Though mange is rarely fatal, knowing how to recognise this frustrating disease early makes treating the dog much easier in the long run.
Sarcoptic Mange usually causes frantic itching. The dog may relentlessly scratch or chew at his skin to relieve the itch. The dog’s skin irritated from the constant scratching and biting, can easily become infected. The itching can even be so severe that it distracts the dog from normal eating, drinking, and resting.
Demodectic Mange, the least serious variety, usually results in one or two “thin” or bald patches in the dog’s hair. Usually, this small patch will not appear inflamed or irritated and will not cause serious itching.
Broozo was obviously suffering from Sarcoptic Mange.

 

Testimonial of a pet parent…
“My 11 years old Labrador Romeo like most other Labs had a joint pain and was finding it difficult to climb stairs. Whenever we needed to take him for a walk, he would refuse to 369budge and it was a herculean task to coax him to climb down the stairs from our 1st floor apartment. He was also little weak and lethargic because of his old age. Then I heard of Cell-Pet and thought of giving it a try. The first 7/8 days of Cell-Pet very taxing and I almost thought of giving it up. He would be restless at night and I could see some change in his coat. I understood that the Cell-Pet was rejuvenating his cells and the toxins were getting removed from his body. After the initial few days he became very active, his coat became shiny and we have never had a day of lethargy. He started hopping up the stairs like he did when he was young. Our happiness to see him active once again knew no bounds. Cell-Pet is indeed a great boon for pet lovers,” said Lakshmi Narayan Mallya.

 

 

Untitled-1025How Cell-Pet works…?
Labrador Romeo experienced what is commonly referred to as a “Healing Crises”. The process of healing sometimes includes a healing crisis, also known as the detox reaction or the cleansing reaction. During a healing crisis, the dog can feel even worse than before the Cell-Pet treatment began. But, with time, he will be healed completely.

 

How to use Cell Pet
288Take small proportion of food, add dosage of Cell-Pet & give to your loved one. When you add it in water, the Cell-Pet which is in colloidal form, enters the blood stream directly via the mucous membranes of the mouth and oesophagus ensuring that 100 percent of the product is absorbed. If the user wants to add it to the food, the dosage is to be increased by as much as 30 percent, so instead of using 3 drops, increase the dosage to 5 drops, etc. You can add Cell-Pet to any liquid provided the temperature is below 25 percent.
Cell-Pet™ is a registered blend of natural plant-sourced minerals, nutrients and electrolytes and is not a medicine. Enchantrix Organic Pvt Ltd and the manufacturers make no medical claims or otherwise for the treatment, prevention, cure or mitigation of disease. If your Pet has a medical condition, we recommend you consult a Veterinarian.

Canine Flu Diagnosis, Control & Treatment

Dr Rahul Kumar

Dr Rahul Kumar

Dr Vinod Kumar Singh

Dr Vinod Kumar Singh

Canine influenza or Canine flu is a contagious respiratory infection in dogs. Here’s more about this dreaded disease.

 

 

 

 

Canine influenza is an emerging contagious respiratory infection of dogs. It has a high morbidity (close to 100 percent), but the mortality, as with most other influenza infections, is relatively low (less than 8 percent). A novel influenza-A virus that appears to be a mutation from a previously recognised strain of equine influenza virus, the H3N8 strain, causes this disease. Dog-to-dog transmission does occur and therefore this infection must be distinguished from kennel cough.

 

The virus…
Influenza viruses are enveloped viruses with segmented single stranded RNA genomes that belong to the Orthomyxoviridae. family Influenza viruses that cause disease in domestic animals belong to Ggenus Influenza virus A, whereas influenza B and influenza C viruses primarily circulate among humans. Influenza A viruses are classified based on the genetic composition of their haemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N) genes. To date, 16H types and 9 N types have been identified, each of which are antigenically distinct. Canine influenza virus usually causes fever, joint pain and respiratory signs. CIV infection can cause respiratory disease by itself or in conjunction with other respiratory pathogens such as Distemper virus, respiratory coronavirus, Parainfluenza virus and Bordetella bronchiseptica, etc. Death is unusual but causes respiratory complications, which are most common in very old and very young ones. It is important to note that influenza virus is not related to parainfluenza virus and infection or vaccination for one does not induce cross-protective immunity against the other

 

Transmission
Like other respiratory pathogens, CIV is most efficiently transmitted by direct contact with infected dogs and by aerosols as a result of coughing and sneezing. Dogs have the highest level of virus in their secretions 2-4 days after they are exposed to virus. Often they are not yet showing clinical signs when they are most potent source of transmitting the virus. Dogs may be able to spread the virus for up to 10 days. The virus can contaminate kennel surfaces, food and water bowls, collars and leashes and the hands & clothing of people who handle the infected dogs. Influenza virus can remain viable on surfaces for up to 48 hours, on clothing for 24 hours and on hands for 12 hours. Fortunately, washing hands with simple disinfectant easily inactivates the virus.

 

Untitled-140Pathogenesis
Canine influenza virus replicates in epithelial cells lining the airways from nose to the terminal airways in the lungs. Peak viral shedding starts from the upper respiratory tract during the incubation period of 2-4 days, therefore, dogs are most contagious prior to showing obvious clinical signs. Dogs with subclinical infection also shed virus. Virus shedding decreases substantially during the first four days of illness, but continues up to seven days in most dogs, and to 10 days in some dogs. Once virus shedding ceases, the dog is no longer contagious. Therefore, it is dodgy that dogs pose a significant infectious risk after 10-14 days of onset of clinical signs. Following viral replication in necrosed epithelial cells expose the basement membrane to secondary infections by a variety of gram-positive and gram-negative commensal bacteria including Streptococcus sp, Staphyloccocus sp, E. coli, Klebsiella, Pasteurella multocida, and Mycoplasma spp. These bacteria contribute to development of purulent nasal discharge and productive cough. The viral and secondary bacterial infections initiate an intense inflammatory response resulting in rhinitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, and bronchiolitis. Fortunately, most of the infected dogs recover within 2-3 weeks without any further health complications. However, some dogs progress to pneumonia, which is usually due to secondary bacterial infections. The overall mortality rate for canine influenza is very low. The secondary pneumonia develops due to contamination by invaders can be life threatening.

 

Signs and symptoms
Fortunately, most of the sufferers have the mild form of this illness. Those animals who are more susceptible to serious illness are young puppies, old dogs and dogs with weakened immune systems. Infected animals may show symptoms within two to five days post exposure. Two clinical syndromes have been seen in dogs infected with the canine influenza virus–a mild form and a more severe form of the disease.

  • Mild form–Dogs suffering with the mild form of canine influenza develop a soft, moist cough that persists for 10 to 30 days. Some dogs have a dry cough similar to the ‘kennel cough’ caused by Bordetella bronchiseptica/parainfluenza virus complex. For this reason, canine influenza virus infections are frequently mistaken for ‘kennel cough’. Dogs with the mild form of influenza may also have a thick nasal discharge, which is usually caused by a secondary bacterial infection.
  • Severe form–Dogs with the severe form of canine influenza develop high fevers (104º-106ºF) and have clinical signs of pneumonia, such as increased respiratory rates and effort. Pneumonia in these dogs is not caused by the influenza virus, but by secondary bacterial infections. The fatality rate of dogs who develop pneumonia secondary to canine influenza can reach 50 percent if not given proper treatment.

 

Diagnosis
Solely clinical signs cannot diagnose canine influenza because the clinical signs (coughing, sneezing and nasal discharge) are similar to those associated with all of the other respiratory pathogens and cannot be differentiated from them. Antibodies to canine influenza virus may be detected in the blood as early as seven days after onset of clinical signs and the virus may be identified in nasal or pharyngeal swabs during the first four days of illness. The most reliable and sensitive method for confirmation of infection is serological testing. Paired acute serum samples (taken within the first seven days of illness) and convalescent serum samples (taken 10-14 days later) are necessary for diagnosis of recent infection. If an acute sample is not available, a convalescent sample will indicate whether a dog has been exposed to the virus at some point in the past. A diagnosis of CIV is made based on a four-fold increase in antibody titer from the acute to the convalescent sample.  If a dog has been ill for less than four days, nasal and pharyngeal swab submission for Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) testing can be performed. If the PCR indicates a positive result, the dog is most likely infected. Negative PCR results may be falsely negative if the swabs are not collected during the time of peak virus shedding. After four days of illness, PCR results are less likely to be reliable. Serology should be performed to confirm infection, especially if the PCR results are negative and the case is highly suspicious for CIV infection.  Other diagnostic options applicable to dogs who have died from pneumonia are viral culture and PCR analysis using fresh (not formalin-preserved or frozen) lungs and tracheal tissue. Virus detection in respiratory secretion specimens from acutely ill animals by use of viral culture, PCR analysis and rapid chromatographic immunoassay is possible, but usually unrewarding.  Prevent your dog from influenza and get him treated as early as possible.
(Dr Rahul Kumar and Dr Vinod Kumar Singh work at the Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, DUVASU, Mathura, UP.)

 

Untitled-99Treatment
Since canine influenza is a viral infection, treatment consists mainly of supportive care based on clinical signs and laboratory tests. There is no specific antiviral treatment for canine influenza. A variety of secondary bacterial infections may play a significant role, therefore, the antibiotics are indicated for dogs having fever, productive cough and purulent nasal discharge. Nasal secretion usually responds within days to treatment with a broad-spectrum bactericidal antibiotic, but cough may persist for 10 to 30 days. Antitussives are not very effective in reducing frequency and duration of coughing, hence contraindicated in dogs with productive cough. Dogs who develop pneumonia usually require hospitalisation for intravenous fluids and parenteral antibiotics. Ideally, a trans-tracheal or endotracheal wash for bacterial culture and antibiotic sensitivity testing should be performed to target the choice of antibiotic. For dogs in which cultures are not performed, empirical treatment with a broad-spectrum combination of bactericidal antibiotics may be recommended to cover gram positive, gram negative, aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. For more severe cases of pneumonia, oxygen supplementation and nebulisation has been very beneficial.

 

Prevention
Untitl6Vaccine is available for reduction of disease due to CIV. The available vaccine is incapable to completely prevent infection and shedding, but they can lessen the severity of disease, provided other factors such as overcrowding and appropriate disinfection and reduction of other stressors are also addressed. Inactivated, parenteral vaccines are available for reduction of disease and shedding caused by H3N8 CIV. One vaccine also reduced the severity of illness caused by co-challenge with CIV and Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus. The use of these vaccines could be considered for dogs who are likely to contact other dogs in regions where CIV is endemic, especially those who enter shelters, boarding kennels, shows, sporting competitions, popular dog parks, or pet daycare facilities.  The initial vaccine can be given as early as six weeks of age. Because CIV vaccines are inactivated, two initial doses are required three to four weeks apart, and maximum immunity does not occur until one week after the second dose.