Nutritional needs for mom to be
The feeding needs of pregnant dogs vary depending upon the stages of pregnancy. It is recommended that you feed the right food in the right quantity to give the right nutrition and avoid unnecessary weight gain.
Feeding needs of pregnant and lactating female dogs
After 14 days of pregnancy female dogs should be given ration which is generally 1.5 times of maintenance requirements. In last trimester nutritional requirements should be increased.
The nutritional requirements of a 25 kg mom-to-be include –
- Protein- 150g/day
- Energy- 2095.5 kcal/day
- Dry matter- 562.5 g/day
Feeding at the time of whelping
Female dogs go off food 12 – 15 hours before starting of whelping. The act of parturition involves delivery of single pups at an interval of 15 – 30 minutes. Within this period, mother licks off the pups, cleans uterine membrane and secretions, and cuts umbilical cord by teeth. By the time the next pup is delivered, the first pup is properly cleaned and starts suckling. But sometimes when the litter size is large, the mother gets exhausted. It is necessary to provide some warm sweet milk in between two deliveries.
Feeding needs during lactation
The feeding requirements of lactating mothers are 3 to 4 times of maintenance requirements, depending upon the litter size. During this period she should be given easily digestible high quality protein diet like soya chunks, cereals, eggs, milk, meat, etc.
The feeding requirements for 25kg lactating mother include –
- Protein- 300g/day
- Energy – 4192.5kcal/day
Discuss with your veterinarian and get a detailed chart.
(Dr Divya Tiwari, Dr Himanshu Pratap Singh and Dr Anil Yadav are from College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Mhow, MP)
–by Dr Divya Tiwari, Dr Himanshu Pratap Singh and Dr Anil Yadav