We all know that arthritis is a common ailment of old age but not many of us would know that it is the case with our pooches as well. If your pooch is not willing to play or work or has slowed down, he might be suffering from arthritis. But help is here at hand!
What is arthritis?
Arthritis comes from Greek word arthro-(joint) + -itis (inflammation). It refers to a group of conditions involving damage to the joints of the body. There are over 100 different forms of arthritis, the most common being osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease), which is a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age. Other arthritis forms are rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and autoimmune diseases in which the body attacks itself. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection while Gouty arthritis is caused by deposition of uric acid crystals in the joint, causing inflammation.
Canine arthritis: a common ailment
Arthritis not only affects humans but also it’s a common ailment in your loving pets; though dogs of all age group can suffer but it’s more frequently observed in older age. You can notice the change in your pet’s activity if you observe his behaviour. You can notice following changes in your dog’s behaviour:
- Favouring a particular limb
- Hesitancy to jump, run or climb stairs
- Behavioural changes like sleeping more
- Reduction in alertness
- Seeming to have stiff & sore joints
- Not willing to play
- Joint enlargement or swelling
- Weight gain
Probable causes of arthritis
Old age, joint infections, traumatic injury to joints, dietary imbalance, autoimmune diseases, hormonal imbalance, overweight & lack of exercise can act as predispository factor.
If these symptoms persist for longer than 2-3 weeks, consult your veterinarian for correct diagnosis. Physical examination and X-ray imaging may be used as diagnostic tools.
Treating your loved one
Treatment options may vary depending on the type of arthritis and include physical therapy, lifestyle changes (including exercise and weight control), orthopaedic bracing, medications and dietary supplements (symptomatic or targeted at the disease process causing arthritis). An effective balance should be maintained between dietary supplements and physical exercise. In general, studies have shown that physical exercise of the affected joint can have noticeable improvement in terms of long-term pain relief. Furthermore, exercise of the arthritic joint should be encouraged to maintain the health of the particular joint and the overall body.
Treatment may include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) supplementation to reduce pain and inflammation.
- Dietary provision of nutrients like glucosamine, chondritin sulfate & hyluronic acid salt formulations have been found to be very effective as they provide structural support in form of Gag molecules to build cartilaginous matrix of joints.
- Combine therapy including NSAIDS, glucosamine, chondritin & hyluronic acid can have a very beneficial effect for overall management of arthritis as it covers all treatment aspects.
- Along with this, proper nutritious diet and regular exercise will help in effective management of arthritis condition.
- Proper diet with supplementation of gucosamine, chondritin & hyluronic acid containing formulations can be used as a preventive measure for control of canine arthritis in older dogs.
(Dr Vishal Surve, M.V.Sc, Pharmacology & Toxicology, is Product Executive at Petcare Animal Health, PROVIMI.)