Posts

Ask the Expert..Nov Dec 11

Dr KG Umesh (MVSc, MSc (UK)) is a Postgraduate in Clinical Medicine. He is working for WALTHAM as Regional Associate for South Asia.

Q: I have three cats – the problem I have is that they keep peeing everywhere – how do I stop this? How do I ask the expertsget them used to using the litter box?
– Shanaz Kader, Mumbai

Dr KG Umesh: Cats are naturally clean animals, for whom litter tray training is usually a relatively simple procedure. Kittens should start to use a litter tray as soon as possible. Ideally, the day that you bring your new kitten or cat home, you should make her aware of the location of the litter tray. The litter tray should be positioned in a quiet area of the house so that the cat may use it in private. The tray should not be sited near the cat’s feeding bowls, since cats do not like to soil the area near their food. It is best to provide a plastic litter tray which sides are not too deep, so that the kitten may easily get in and out, but will provide an adequate depth of litter in which she may bury her faeces. As the kitten grows up, the litter tray will need to be increasingly deeper. This will not only ensure that the litter is not scratched everywhere when the faeces is buried, but also that the cat does not ‘miss’ the tray when urinating.

Young kittens will often want to urinate and defecate when they wake up and after they have eaten. When litter training kittens, it is important to place them on the litter tray at these times and reward them for eliminating in the appropriate place. You will soon know when your cat is looking for a suitable place to use as a toilet, since she will start sniffing, scratching and begin to crouch, try to catch her and place her in the litter tray at this point. If your cat has a little ‘accident,’ clean up the soiled area, best with a non-ammonia based product, since your cat may perceive the smell of ammonia to be similar to urine.

Soiled litter should be removed at least once a day, ideally faeces should be removed as soon as you discover them. At least once a week the litter tray should be completely changed and the tray thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.

If none of the above solves the problem of your cat soiling in inappropriate places, you should have your cat checked by a veterinarian to ensure that the problem is not due to an underlying medical condition.

Ask the Expert..Sep Oct 11

Dr KG Umesh (MVSc, MSc (UK)) is a Postgraduate in Clinical Medicine. He is working for WALTHAM as Regional Associate for South Asia.

Q: My cat Bella gets wax frequently and keeps scratching her ears with her paws. There seem to be some small lumps inside her ears. Please help.
– Bhavya Mohan, Mumbai

Dr KG Umesh: Otitis externa (inflammation of ear canal) is a complex disease process involving primary,ask the expert cats predisposing and perpetuating causes. The first goal of treating otitis externa is to discover and treat the primary cause. Identifying and treating/eliminating these causes is the key to resolving the condition. Foreign bodies and larger parasites, such as ticks, can often simply be removed under tranquilization or general anaesthesia. Ear mites can be treated with one of many commercially available products and appropriate treatment of endocrine and immune-mediated disorders help to resolve associated otitis. Management of allergic diseases, although sometimes difficult, also helps resolve associated otitis. Tumours and growths can be surgically removed. Perpetuating causes of otitis are the next concern for treatment. Infection, excessive exudates and inflammation of the canal are addressed through various ear cleaning protocols, topical therapies, and systemic therapies-often in combination. Finally, it is important to evaluate and manage or eliminate potential predisposing factors.

Ask the Expert..July-Aug 11

Dr KG Umesh (MVSc, MSc (UK)) is a Postgraduate in Clinical Medicine. He is working for WALTHAM as Regional Associate for South Asia.

Q: My cat Rani, who is seven years old, seems to have swollen gums with little bleeding. She also has bad breath. Please help.
— R Muthy, Bangalore

Dr KG Umesh: There are many oral and respiratory diseases that contribute to bad breath in cats. Feline odontoclastic resorptive lesion, periodontal diseases and feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS) are some of the common dental diseases seen in senior cats. Bacteria associated with dental tartar and dental pain due to diseased teeth and gums contribute to the bad breath and bleeding. Control of gingivitis (gums inflammation) should involve regular dental home care, including tooth brushing, use of oral antiseptics, special diets and chews. Professional periodontal therapy including tooth scaling and polishing may be required. Untreated gingivitis can progress to periodontitis which involves the irreversible destruction of the tissues supporting the teeth. Treatment of periodontitis requires professional periodontal therapy, including supra- and subgingival scaling and polishing, root surface debridement and teeth extraction in cases of advanced disease. Older cats should continue to receive regular dental cleanings and extractions to make sure good dental health is maintained. Take your cat to your vet ASAP.

‘WAGS’ For the wonderful vet | May June 11

I am:
Beniel AMy pet’s name:
BlackieMy vet’s name:
Dr P PrabuVeterinary clinic/hospital:
Thangam Memorial Trust, Tirupur

How I came across my vet:
Through an acquaintance

Do I visit the vet for regular check-ups or only in case of a medical condition:
I visit only in case of a medical condition

I have been visiting my vet since:
Since my GSD Blackie joined our family

Toughest medical challenge faced by me and my pet:
Neutering my pet

Role played by my vet in helping to overcome it:
He informed the advantages and disadvantages of neutering. So we planned to go for the operation.

A special quality about my vet which strengthens my faith in him:
His caring and loving nature and his dedication towards pets

A thank you note for my vet:
We wish him a long and happy life.

 

I am:
Anjani SharmaMy pet’s name:
CookieMy Vet’s name:
Dr Pankaj BhardwajVeterinary clinic/hospital:
Caring Hands, Noida, UP

How I came across my vet:
In my neighbourhood

Do I visit the vet for regular check-ups or only in case of a medical condition:
Regular check-ups

I have been visiting my vet since:
Two years

Toughest medical challenge faced by me and my pet:
My pet is petrified of injections

Role played by my vet in helping to overcome it:
Giving a muzzle and helping me

A special quality about my vet which strengthens my faith in him:
Being positive at all times

A thank you note for my vet:
Thank you for being a caring vet!

 

I am:
GauravMy Pet’s name:
BrunoMy Vet’s name:
Dr VishalVeterinary clinic/hospital:
Pets Clinic, Delhi

How I came across my vet:
Through friends

Do I visit the vet for regular check-ups or only in case of medical condition:
Regular check-ups

I have been visiting my vet since:
Six months

Toughest medical challenge faced by me and my pet:
Loose motions

Role played by my vet in helping to overcome it:
Immediate action

A special quality about my vet which strengthens my faith in him:
Understands situations and very helpful

A thank you note for my vet:
Thanks doctor for calming me down when Bruno was ill.

 

I am:
Hemant KulshreshthaMy Pet’s name:
SnowyMy Vet’s name:
Dr J VerhnakarVeterinary clinic/hospital:
J Verhnakar’s Clinic, Kalina, Santacruz (E), Mumbai

How I came across my vet:
Recommendation from a pet shop

Do I visit the vet for regular check-ups or only in case of a medical condition:
In case of a medical condition

I have been visiting my vet since:
One year

Toughest medical challenge faced by me and my pet:
Worms, blood in stool

Role played by my vet in helping to overcome it:
Accurate diagnosis and appropriate medication

A special quality about my vet which strengthens my faith in him:
Knowledge and understanding, patient explanation

A thank you note for my vet:
Thanks for your dedication

Just Fur fun | May June 11

All you kiddies out there, we would love to know more about you and your dog. Do write

just for fun

Sasha

in your poems, short stories or anecdotes of your loving doggy and see them splash here. Here is the checklist of information we would love to have, e-mail it to us at info@dogsandpups.net

Just Fur Fun! All About My Buddy:

My Name is: Shivani Singh
My Buddy’s Name is: Sasha
My Buddy’s Breed is: German Shepherds
My Buddy’s Age is: Four months
My Buddy is: Female
My Buddy’s Favourite Treats: Royal Canin foods, chicken and ice creams
My Buddy’s First Love is: None other than me.
Celebrity My Buddy Resembles the Most: She’s a celebrity on her own
My Buddy’s Character Certificate Will Say: Very naughty outside but loving inside!
A Song Dedicated to my Buddy: Hey There Delilah! by Plain White
BUDDY AMD ME:
(Few of our favourite things)
List of activities we like doing the most: Playing and going for a walk.
What we indulge on Sundays: Sitting inside the A/C room and eating ice-cream.
What is the best trick I have taught her: Shake hand

‘WAGS’ For the wonderful vet | March April 11

I am: Shiv Pratap Singh ChauhanMy pet’s name: BuddyMy vet’s name: Dr Ramchandani

Veterinary clinic/hospital: Dog’s Aid, Jaipur

How I came across my vet: Dog show

How often is my pet taken for checkups: Once in two months

How long I have been visiting my vet: One year

Toughest medical challenge faced by me and my pet: Boil on my dog’s paw

Role played by my vet in helping to overcome it: Great treatment and regular dressing

A special quality about my vet which strengthens my faith in him: He advises me correctly on health issues.

A thank you note for my vet: Thanks a lot for all your support and care.

 

I am: Raksha PrasadMy pet’s name: WillieMy vet’s name: Dr Pawan Kumar

Veterinary clinic/hospital: Cessna Lifeline Veterinary Clinic, Bengaluru

How I came across my vet: Through a friend

How often is my pet taken for checkups: Once in six months

How long have I been visiting my vet: one year two months

Toughest medical challenge faced by me and my pet: None. Thank God for that.

A special quality about my vet which strengthens my faith in him: Care and the attention that he pays to the pets

A thank you note for my vet: We totally trust you and you guys are doing an amazing job. Thanks a lot.

 

I am: Patil RahulMy pet’s name: JulieMy vet’s name: Dr Anil

Veterinary clinic/hospital: Pet Clinic, Kolhapur

How often is my pet taken for checkups: 15 days

How long have I been visiting my vet: Five years

Toughest medical challenge faced by me and my pet: Julie’s eye operation

Role played by my vet in helping to overcome it: She recovered completely.

A special quality about my vet which strengthens my faith in him: He is very careful while handling pets

A thank you note for my vet: I thank my vet for handling with perfection the sensitive eye operation.

 

I am: Shlesha S KatkadeMy pet’s name: ZenaMy vet’s name: Dr Manoj

Veterinary clinic/hospital: Lovely Pet Shop And Clinic, Mumbai

How I came across my vet: Reference from Pune

How often is my pet taken for checkups: Once in a month or twice in three months

How long have I been visiting my vet: 1.5 years

Toughest medical challenge faced by me and my pet: I got my dog sterilized last month and it was the most difficult time for me and my pet Zena.

Role played by my vet in helping to overcome it: He ensured that she had a speady recovery.

A thank you note for my vet: Thank your for helping Zena overcome the operation .

Ask the Expert..| March April 11

Q: My pet Oscar, a Labrador, is two months old. Is it advisable to take him for grooming at this age? At what age should we start bathing him and how often?
– Indraneel Gupta, New Delhi

Dr K G Umesh: You can groom your puppy every other day to accustom him to thisask the expert procedure and to being handled. Begin with gentle grooming equipment that does not hurt or irritate the puppy’s skin. Brushes and combs are custom-made for different breeds and lengths of hair; again, it’s important to select the ones that help his coat stay healthy and tangle-free. Dogs only need bathing when they are dirty or on the advice of your veterinarian. Because puppies have sensitive skin, talk to your vet about a shampoo that’s pH balanced just for him.

Q: My three-year-old Spitz has been having loose stools over a period of time, sometimes there is vomiting too. She has been given medicines by the vet. She is being fed rice and curd. Please help.
– Rohan Das, Nasik

Dr KG Umesh: Acute diarrhoea is common, usually self-limiting, and often needs only symptomatic treatment. However, in some dogs, initial symptomatic treatment is ineffective and diarrhoea becomes chronic. The causes of chronic diarrhoea in dogs are multiple, and numerous factors are involved (parasites, colitis, inflammatory bowel diseases). In these patients, sequential application of specific diagnostic or function tests to arrive at accurate diagnosis is essential, so that clinician can prescribe the specific therapy.

Q: Recently my seven-year-old GSD named Rambo has been diagnosed with arthritis. Please do help me with some information about the disease and its treatment/management.
– S Srikanth, Chennai

Dr KG Umesh: Osteoarthritis (OA) can be a progressive problem in which pain and disuse lead to further deterioration of joint movement and function. Physical rehabilitation can play an important role in the management of osteoarthritis. Therapeutic exercise and physical modalities (cryotherapy, thermotherapy, therapeutic ultrasound, and electrical stimulation) may be indicated to enhance motion or reduce pain, allowing improved function. Massage may be beneficial in reducing muscle spasms. In addition, a long-term diet and exercise schedule must be designed to maintain a lean body weight, which also reduces joint stress. Lifestyle changes, such as the use of ramps may also be considered. A number of drugs and other substances are promoted for the treatment including polysulfated glycosaminoglycans and NSAIDs.

Q: My dog’s eyes have been watering and every morning he has white residue. We have been wiping the same with cotton dipped in water. Do advice if this is normal.
– Prabha, Bhatinda

Dr KG Umesh: Abnormal discharge, either watery or cloudy, may indicate problem with tear production or flow or drain. It can also be a sign of infection. Therefore, take him to your vet ASAP.

Q: Winnie (eight years old Spaniel) has hypothyroid – she has been prescribed with medicine – twice daily for half an hour before breakfast and dinner. Do advice what food should I feed her.
– Ashwin Chaudhri, Visakhapatnam

Dr KG Umesh: There is no specific food or nutritional requirement for dogs with hypothyroidism but make sure that the food she eats is balanced and complete. Monitor her body weight and thyroid hormones on regular basis.

Q: When my dog urinates, he leaves a white mark on the floor. Is it a symptom of any sickness?
– Deepa Titus, Bhopal

Dr KG Umesh: Most dogs have urine which is slightly acidic and may leave such white marks on floor or carpets, etc. However, I suggest you visit your vet to make sure that he is free of urinary tract infection.

Just Fur Fun | March April 11

All you kiddies out there, we would love to know more about you and your dog. Do write

just for fun

Tanuja M and ZAC

in your poems, short stories or anecdotes of your loving doggy and see them splash here. Here is the checklist of information we would love to have, e-mail it to us at info@dogsandpups.net

Just Fur Fun! All About My Buddy:

My Name is: Tanuja M
My Buddy’s Name is: ZAC
My Buddy’s Breed is: Labrador
My Buddy’s Age is: One year and two months.
My Buddy is: Male
My Buddy’s Favourite Treats: Fruits and Buttermilk
My Buddy’s First Love is: My mom
BUDDY AMD ME:
(Few of our favourite things)
List of activities we like doing the most: Fetch the ball and hide and seek
What we indulge on Sundays: Playing, eating and sleeping.
What is the best trick I have taught her: Silently taking away the fruits kept on dining table.

Just Fur Fun | Jan Feb 11

All you kiddies out there, we would love to know more about you and your dog. Do write

just fur fun

Brouno & Roger

in your poems, short stories or anecdotes of your loving doggy and see them splash here. Here is the checklist of information we would love to have, e-mail it to us at info@dogsandpups.net

Just Fur Fun! All About My Buddy:

My Name is: Tanisha
My Buddies’ Names are: Brouno & Roger
My Buddies’ Breed is Labrador Retriver
My Buddies’ Ages are: Both two months.
My Buddies are: Males
My Buddie’s Favourite Treats: Ice creams and chew sticks.
My Buddies’ First Love It’s me.
BUDDY AMD ME:
(Few of our favourite things)
Character Certificate to My Buddies Will Say: Brouno–very naughty and Roger–very playful and cute.BUDDY and ME: (Few of our favourite things)
List of activities we like doing the most Playing in the garden with a ball and watching TV and playing video games
What we indulge doing on Sundays: Sleeping for a long time on bed with my sweethearts

Ask the Expert..| Jan – Feb 11

Q: I am planning to buy a Labrador Retriever puppy. Please tell me what are the pre/post things I should check/do? Also suggest how many month old pup should I buy?
-Amrutha, Bangalore

Dr. K.G. Umesh: Owning a dog is a big responsibility and giving your dog the best care andask the expert attention can help to improve the quality and length of your dog’s life. The best age to bring a puppy home is when he is eight weeks old. The best place to obtain a pedigree puppy is from a recognised and reputable breeder or recommendations from your veterinarian. It is always best to see the parents/mother to check that they/she is healthy and have good temperament. Don’t buy from a dealer who has bought in puppies from several sources (a puppy farm). The risk of disease and stress-induced illness is greater for these puppies and this type of trade should not be supported. Consult your vet to have a complete health check and examination before you bring him home. The list of essentials you’ll need for your puppy’s first big day home are weaning or puppy food from a reputed manufacturer, feeding/water bowl, collar, leash, safe toys and chews, shampoos, brush/comb and also a puppy crate. Make sure that he has a comfortable bed and it is fairly normal for a puppy to be restless at first until he is adjusted to his new home.

Q: Do advice how to take extra care of female pets when they start getting their period cycle?
-Ranjana Batra, New Delhi

Dr. K.G. Umesh: Puppies usually have their first heat at about six months of age; however, this can vary from breed to breed and can occur as early as four months of age or as late as 18 months. The female-dog is usually in season for about three weeks and she becomes increasingly attractive to males during this period. Her own behaviour may also change and she may become restless and more excitable, but it is normally not until the second week of her season that she will allow the male to mate with her. However, all female-dogs are different and sometimes a male can mate as early as the first day of her season or as late as the last day. Therefore, be sure to keep your female dog well away from male dogs right throughout her season, unless you wish to breed. Most female-dogs, if un-neutered and if not mated, will come into season approximately every six months, although very large breeds of dogs may cycle anything up to once in 15 months. You can postpone her cycle using pills or consider neutering which has several advantages.

Q: I recently got an abandoned Labrador pup, who is 35 days old, Alvin (my pup) is quite agile & playful. He is around one kg body weight and has a good appetite. Is he underweight? Do advice the growth rate of a lab –till he becomes an adult.
– Dr. Abhinav Saikia, Guwahati

Dr. K.G. Umesh: Historical information is very important, especially regarding diet, daily activity, environment, signs of digestive disease or any specific disease to identify underlying cause of poor weight gain. Typically, a puppy’s growth is influenced by nutrition, genetics and environment. The list of likely different causes for a puppy with poor weight gain despite a normal or increased appetite is much different and much shorter than that for patients with decreased appetite or anorexia. However, they share a common feature – insufficient caloric intake or availability to meet metabolic needs. Please make sure that you are feeding as per feeding guidelines and increase quantity of feed by 10 percent for every extra one hour activity. Avoid supplements when he is exclusively fed on weaning or puppy food. Please get your pet examined to rule out any underlying medical problem and monitor weight of your puppy on weekly basis. Lab puppy may weigh between 2-5 kg at 6-9 weeks to 27- 30 kg at 12-16 months of age. Please ask your vet for Waltham puppy’s growth chart and body condition score that help to assess growth of your puppy.

Q: My Basset, who is two years old, is suffering from a recurring ear infection which has a bad odour and a discharge. I have consulted a veterinarian but the problem recurred after two months. Please let us know how to prevent this situation.
– R Banga, Jamshedpur

Dr. K.G. Umesh: Recurrent ear infection is common in Basset hounds for several reasons. Your pet may have an anatomic ear problem—often stenosis, but a growth, excessive hair, and poor conformation are also possible. Ear infections usually become chronic or recurrent because the infection is caused by an unusual or very resistant organism or the infection is very deep and has never been cleaned or treated aggressively enough. Most frequently, an underlying disease (parasites, atopy or allergy or seborrhoea/endocrine disease) predispose to recurrence. Failure to address the underlying cause in a pet with chronic ear problem dooms one to treatment failure. Your vet may advise series of tests including cytology to find the underlying cause. Therefore each factor must be considered in your pet and, if present, must be corrected before the ear disease will stay in remission.

Q: I have two Lab Retrievers – a male and a female. I give my pets bananas to eat. Can dogs eat fruits?
– Janarthan
Dr. K.G. Umesh: Fruits contain some good nutrients including fibre but are not essential/beneficial when your pets are receiving complete and balanced food. There is no harm in feeding fruits occasionally but make sure that it does not add to calories that may contribute to overweight or obesity. Avoid grapes/raisins, avocado and macadamia nuts which are toxic to dogs

Q: My dog has been vomiting and is showing loss of appetite. Please advice.
– Aditi Dev, Kolkata

Dr. K.G. Umesh: Vomiting is merely a sign and may result from many disorders (digestive and non digestive like kidney, liver etc). Most vomiting cases are acute and reversible, requiring only supportive and symptomatic therapy. Generally it is advised to withhold food and water for at least 24 hours and introduce highly digestible food like rice, avoiding high fat diets. In contrast to acute problems, chronic ones are rarely self-limiting and it is usually essential to establish specific diagnosis (with help from lab tests/investigations) and appropriate therapy.