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Ask the Expert..Nov Dec 11

Dr KG Umesh (MVSc, MSc (UK)) is a Postgraduate in Clinical Medicine. He is working for WALTHAM as Regional Associate for South Asia.

Q: I have three cats – the problem I have is that they keep peeing everywhere – how do I stop this? How do I ask the expertsget them used to using the litter box?
– Shanaz Kader, Mumbai

Dr KG Umesh: Cats are naturally clean animals, for whom litter tray training is usually a relatively simple procedure. Kittens should start to use a litter tray as soon as possible. Ideally, the day that you bring your new kitten or cat home, you should make her aware of the location of the litter tray. The litter tray should be positioned in a quiet area of the house so that the cat may use it in private. The tray should not be sited near the cat’s feeding bowls, since cats do not like to soil the area near their food. It is best to provide a plastic litter tray which sides are not too deep, so that the kitten may easily get in and out, but will provide an adequate depth of litter in which she may bury her faeces. As the kitten grows up, the litter tray will need to be increasingly deeper. This will not only ensure that the litter is not scratched everywhere when the faeces is buried, but also that the cat does not ‘miss’ the tray when urinating.

Young kittens will often want to urinate and defecate when they wake up and after they have eaten. When litter training kittens, it is important to place them on the litter tray at these times and reward them for eliminating in the appropriate place. You will soon know when your cat is looking for a suitable place to use as a toilet, since she will start sniffing, scratching and begin to crouch, try to catch her and place her in the litter tray at this point. If your cat has a little ‘accident,’ clean up the soiled area, best with a non-ammonia based product, since your cat may perceive the smell of ammonia to be similar to urine.

Soiled litter should be removed at least once a day, ideally faeces should be removed as soon as you discover them. At least once a week the litter tray should be completely changed and the tray thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.

If none of the above solves the problem of your cat soiling in inappropriate places, you should have your cat checked by a veterinarian to ensure that the problem is not due to an underlying medical condition.

Dogs & Pups, Nov Dec 2010 Issue

Ask the expert….| Nov Dec 09

Q: Joey, my six-year-old Pomeranian was well toilet trained but since past six months, she has forgotten everything. In fact she loves our carpet in the drawing room and relieves herself there. Please advise.
– Tarun Bhatnagar, Chandigarh

Dr. K. G. Umesh: It is not unusual for dogs to have an occasional accident in the house. If ask the expertthis behaviour is occurring on regular occasions, there can be a number of reasons as to why. Has the pet got access to the outdoors? Is there an underlying medical cause? Is there an underlying behavioural cause? It is not uncommon for the older dog to lose some of the ability to control his bladder. There are many medical problems that can cause signs of incontinence. Some causes of incontinence can be due to urinary infection, cystitis, bladder stones or hereditary defect. Most urine related problems can be managed very successfully using drugs and/or diet. The other possibility for your dog’s house soiling is if there is an underlying behavioural cause, such as, submissive urination, stress, a breakdown in toilet training, territorial marking or separation anxiety. Once again, these behaviour problems can be modified effectively. Your veterinary surgeon will initially run few lab tests to rule out any underlying medical cause. If your dog has soiled the house, it is important that the affected area is cleaned promptly using a biological washing powder in warm water. If it is not cleaned effectively, she may mark that spot on repeated occasions. Therefore, it is best to seek veterinary advice to determine the true cause of the problem.

Q: I want to bring home a Labrador. Do let me know how do I go about it? What all should I look for in the puppy and should I see the parents?
– Kartik, Thane

Dr. K. G. Umesh: The best place to get a purebred dog is from a recognized, reputed and ethical breeder or rescue organization who understands the character, temperament and challenges of this breed as well as what kind of home will make their dogs the happiest. Unfortunately it is difficult to find such well-organised breeders in our country. We recommend asking lots of questions about their facility, the bloodlines of their dogs, height and weight, socialization level, health record etc and the warranties/guarantees offered. Papers may be required if you intend to show your pet in a dog show or for breeding. The vet may help to screen or identify common genetic/inherited disorders common to Labradors. You can also check with your local Vet or use an Internet search engine to buy a healthy puppy.

Q: My six-month-old Golden Retriever is constantly slipping from his hind legs, what problem can it be? – Rukmani Swami, Cochin

Dr. K. G. Umesh: Developmental skeletal disease is common in large- and giant-breed puppies. One manifestation – hip dysplasia – affects millions of dogs. Genetics, environment, and nutrition – all contribute to developmental skeletal disease. Of the nutritional components, rate of growth, specific nutrients, food amounts consumed, and feeding methods influence skeletal disease. Excess energy and calcium are known risk factors; your vet will confirm diagnosis (Bone, Joint, Trauma or Neurological) by palpating (examination by touch) the hip joints/ legs and taking x-rays. Hip dysplasia is treated with rest, restricted activity, pain medication, and in severe cases, surgery.

Q: Mocha, a five-month-old GSD, keeps sleeping and is also not interested in walks; we have to motivate her to go out. Her diet seems fine. What should I do? – Vishal Kumar, Kolkata

Dr. K. G. Umesh: Weakness can result from many different mechanisms or disorders. Poor socialization or interaction, fear or shyness or even a previous bad experience may de-motivate puppies to play or walk. Your dog may rightfully need some rest after a play or exercise. But serious conditions can also cause weakness in dogs, including joint problems (such as hip dysplasia), muscle disorders, neurological disorders, heart or respiratory disease, fever, low blood sugar levels, abnormal electrolyte levels, kidney or liver disease, hypothyroidism, hypoadrenocorticism or anaemia. Please take him to your vet ASAP.

Q: I had three dogs but have lost one to old age. One of my other two dogs has started sitting very quietly and is also not eating; we have to feed her with our hands. My vet says she is grieving. How can I help her? – Anuradha Kapoor, Guwahati

Dr. K. G. Umesh: Dogs can experience many emotions, just as humans. They may lose interest to eat or play. Some may become sluggish or tired. It may be a good idea to leave some of his belongings (blanket/lease etc) with them to sniff and remember their friend. Take them for longer walks or the park to play. Spend few minutes grooming them or play games together. Some people may want another dog, but it may not be necessary in your case.

Just Fur Fun | Nov Dec 09

All you kiddies out there, we would love to know more about you and your dog. Do write

just fur fun

Boozo & Zuby

in your poems, short stories or anecdotes of your loving doggy and see them splash here. Here is the checklist of information we would love to have, e-mail it to us at info@dogsandpups.net

 

All About My Buddy:

My Name is: Shruti malhotra

My Buddy’s Names are:Boozo and Zuby

My Buddy’s Breed is: Labrador Retriever

My Buddy’s Age is: 10.5 Years and 1 Year

My Buddy are : Boozo (Male) & Zuby (Female)

My buddy’s colours : Boozo (Black) & Zuby (white Cream)

My Buddy’s Favourite Treats : Chicken & Rice

My buddies’ characteristics that make them so lovable: Boozo (very adjusting & Emotional) & Zuby (hungry for love)

Songs to Dedicate to My Buddy : Boozo (Hum kaale hain to kya hua dilwale hain) & Zuby (Pretty woman walking down the street)

BUDDY and ME: (Few of our favourite things)

List of Activities We Like Doing the Most : ramp at our terrace garden

What We Indulge Doing on Sundays: walk at Nehru Park, Chanakyapuri

What are the Best Trick I Have Taught them : Sit, Speak, Shakehand, Dawn, Jump, Circle & Stay

One thing they love most : A ride in the car

Dogs and Pups, Nov Dec 2009 Issue

Ask the Expert.. | Nov Dec 08

Noorie, my GSD, who is 8-year-old, is having urinary incontinence, she is otherwise very well trained but at night relieves herself in the house. Do advice.
– Mrs Bose,Gurgaon

There are many possible causes for urinary incontinence. First, a detailed history is necessary as it provides important clues on the type of incontinence and assists in decisions on the diagnostic workup. Although sphincter incompetence due to spaying (low estrogens hormone) is the most common cause, a thorough examination should be performed on every incontinent animal. Like wise, urinary incontinence should not be confused with inappropriate urination, which is caused by behavioural problems. Urinary incontinence can also be a symptom of underlying conditions like diabetes, bladder infections and kidney disease. In any case, you should take your dog to the veterinarian to determine the exact cause. Therapy can be medical, surgical, or a combination of both.

I have a 5-month-old Lab, who bites a lot, may be because he is teething. How long my dog will continue doing like this?
– Rakesh Mann, Chandigarh

It is normal for puppies to be “mouthie”. Most chewing behaviour is seen in young puppies due to their strong desire to explore. As dogs mature, this desire decreases and they are less likely to be destructive. Never leave shoes, or indeed anything chewable, within the puppy’s reach. When your puppy does any inappropriate behaviour, stop him immediately by telling the pup “No”. “No” means “stop whatever you’re doing right now.” Act early before bad habits become established. Ignore your puppy, when he behaves inappropriately rather than giving him attention.

When the pup stops the bad behaviour, make sure you reward the pup with “GOOD (puppy’s name)!” To prevent him doing this, exercise and play with your dog regularly and you should try to provide him with interesting toys/chews that do not resemble in appearance or texture of unacceptable chew items. He will soon learn that playing with toys is more fun. Ask your vet for a right chew that suits your puppy.

Do advice the first aid measures for snake bites on dogs.
– Minu, Ferozepur

First look for the marks of two fangs at the site of the bite and call your vet to let him know the kind of snake it was, if you happen to see it. Carry the dog if possible rather than let him walk, to avoid spreading the poison. If bite is on the leg, put on a tourniquet above the bite, release it every 15 minutes. Treatment such as sucking out poison or cutting the wound with knife is useless but you may clean the wound with soap and water.

My dog’s stool seemed to have red streaks- is this blood? Do let me know what to do. Currently, she is also having medicines for stomach infection.
– Ratan Arya, Thane

Occasionally, a very light streak of fresh blood on stool is likely to come from a broken vessel around anus and is not worrying, provided the dog is otherwise well. If even this small amount of blood is seen persistently, veterinary advice should be sought. Ulcers in stomach, hook worms, anal sacs infection, bowel or liver diseases, or any disease affecting blood clotting can cause such problem. Make a note on its frequency, colour, fresh or dark digested, that may assist in decisions on the diagnostic workup by your vet.

My dog does not like car drives. He gets scared and vomits and even barks a lot. It becomes very traumatic to take him to his vet. Please, advice.
– Rajesh, Vadodara

Ideally, puppies should be introduced to car travel before they are eight weeks of age just before the “fear period” in their development. Let him go in and out and play around the car so that he regards the car as fun. First, put your dog in the car (in the place he will be sitting) and let him settle and relax for five minutes. Leave the doors open. Don’t go anywhere. Don’t even start the car. Praise and reward him with words and small treats.

Next, start the car, but don’t drive. Observe your pet for signs of stress, which might include shaking, drooling, or drooping ears. If these are present, turn off the car until your dog calms down. Do not attempt to calm him, as soothing and attention to the anxiety can actually reinforce the behaviour. When he can manage the sound and vibration of the engine again, go for a short drive, not more than five minutes, and preferably to a place he enjoys, like a park. Reward him with a toy, treat, or praise.

Travel sickness may occur in dogs as it does in humans. It is helpful to hold your pet securely so that he is not so affected by movement of the car. Putting the dog in a crate or feeding the dog in stationary car may be helpful. Don’t feed for up to five hours before a long car ride. If all fails, consult your vet to get pills that help stop travel sickness.

Dogs and Pups, Nov Dec 08 Issue

  • Editorial
  • Breed Profile
  • My Christmas Day
  • Royal Canin
  • Puppy..for the right reason
  • Mother to the homeless
  • Feature
  • Pedigree
  • Paws & Their Star
  • Picture Perfect
  • Product Spotlight
  • Whelping Puppies
  • Ask The Expert
  • Diamonds..Dogs best friend
  • Development of a puppy
  • Eevents Reports
  • Health
  • Training
  • Just for Fun

Pawkids Corner | Nov Dec 07

All you kiddies out there, we would love to know more about you and your dog. Do write in your poems, short stories or anecdotes of your loving doggy and see them splash here. Here’s the checklist of information we would love to have.

JUST FOR FUN

All about my buddy :

My Name is : Abhirami Murlipawkid

My Buddy’s Name : Raisen

My Buddy’s Breed : German Spitz

My Buddy’s Age : 4 Years

My Buddy is : Female

My Buddy’s favorite treats :Doggy Biscuits

My Buddy’s funniest habit : Wherever i go she follows and sits next to me.

My Buddy’s first love : Its me

My Buddy loves to sleep on : the chair

My Buddy and food : She enjoy eating bread and milk for breakfast

Celebrity my Buddy resembles the most : Operah Winfrey

Your character certificate to Buddy will say : Extremely Loyal

A song you would like to dedicate for your Buddy :
The song i hav written about Raisen

Raisen… never leave me alone..
Raisen ..she’s a puppy
So cute and very fluffy
She cuddles up to me.
She’s my friend, cant you see?
How adorable she looks
When she comes and licks my foot
Always and far ever
Raisen and I together
Her fur is silly and white
She drives me crazy all night
Now i will never let Raisen out of my sight

BUDDY and ME: (Few of our favourite things)

List of activity we like doing the most : Running, Playing and sitting together

What both of us indulge doing on most Sundays : Posing for photos and she always enjoys running after me or my cycle

What is the best trick I have taught her : To play hide and seek

Ask the Expert..| Nov Dec 07

Dr. K. G. Umesh (MVSc, MSc (UK)) is a Postgraduate in Clinical Medicine. He has been a lecturer in clinical medicine at Vet College in Bangalore for 15 years, and has won the ‘best teacher’ award in the year 2000. He is a member of European Society for Vet Dermatology and is presently working for WALTHAM as Regional Associate for South Asia.

Q : My dog Princy has boils/pimples around his mouth area. Do dogs also get pimples? If yes, what is the cure?
– Sudhir Narayanan, Chennai

Dr. K. G. Umesh : The answer is yes; it is also called chin “acne.” It is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the hair follicles on chin and lips of young animals. It is recognised almost exclusively in short-coated breeds. Chronic lesions may be scarred with pigmentation. Chin acne generally responds well to topical antibacterials like muporicin, benzyl peroxide or chlorexidine. Some short-coated breeds appear to be genetically predisposed to follicular keratosis and secondary bacterial infection. Therefore take him to your vet who may help to find underlying causes (eg demodex mites) or will suggest specific treatment.

Q : I have just got a new puppy, advice what should I keep in her first aid box and what precautions should I take around the house for her safety?
– Meera singh, Gurgaon

Dr. K. G. Umesh : Just like humans, dogs can occasionally injure themselves in a number of ways, which include road traffic accidents, cuts and lacerations, stings and bites, poisons and toxins. Other occasions when your dog may require emergency treatment include sudden onset of severe vomiting and diarrhoea. For a basic first aid kit I would suggest: cotton balls, paracetomol syrup for fever, an antihistamine or steroid ointment in case of an insect bite, hydrogen peroxide to clean out a wound, bandages to make a muzzle and to protect an injured area, balanced electrolyte solution to prevent dehydration from vomiting or diarrhoea, a triple antibiotic ointment, a rectal thermometer, and an astringent/gauze pads to help stop bleeding. Things you may consider harmless household items can be deadly to your puppy. He may tug or chew anything he finds including plants and electrical cords. Candles, burners or coins can also cause emergency. Do not leave hazardous items, including medicines, poisonous plants, detergents and cleaning agents. Try to avoid chocolates as well. Make sure that all gates shut securely and that your puppy will not be able to squeeze through or under your gate. Puppies soon learn that not everything in and around your home is for playing with and that some things are just not safe. In the meantime, do everything you can to ensure safe environment for your puppy to grow up in.

Q : My dog is having a runny nose with discharge, is this cold? And what is the treatment?
– Prashant Lal, Kota

Dr. K. G. Umesh : Running nose, like fever, is merely a symptom of a disease. Dogs can have nasal discharge for a variety of reasons including irritation from allergies, change in climate, inhaled gases, and foreign bodies. Discharge can also result from inflammation of the upper or lower airways. Fever and purulent discharge is common with some infections like distemper or pneumonia. Likewise, if discharge develops in one nostril, you should also consider growths or tumours as one of the causes. The best way to rule out all these diseases and to have specific treatment is get him examined as early as possible. Your vet is the right person to decide what test needs to be done immediately. Your vet might prescribe a few medicines to suppress discharge symptomatically till all the investigations are complete.

Q : My pet dog – Lara, gets scared of strange noises, certain people, dogs and urinates in fright. Is this a medical problem? And how do I solve this issue?
– Rani Goel, Hyderabad

Dr. K. G. Umesh : Some puppies/dogs will leak a small amount of urine when they are excited or nervous, even after they are housetrained. This is submissive urination and it’s a reflexive action that your dog may not be aware of. If a submissive dog meets a more dominant pack member (dog or person), normal canine behaviour may be to roll over on his back and urinate. Firstly, see your veterinarian so your dog can have a physical examination to rule out any medical problems that may be the reason for his inappropriate urination. Punishing your dog for something he can’t control will make his behaviour more likely to continue. If your dog greets you at the door and exhibits this behaviour, try to make your greeting as casual as possible. If you don’t make a big deal out of greeting your dog, he may stop regarding your home arrival as a big event, getting overly excited about it, and urinating. It’s better to crouch down to his level when you pet him – your dog will recognise your crouched position as non-threatening. Lastly, to help your puppy/dog feel more confident, introduce him to as many new experiences as possible for effective socialisation. Obedience classes build confidence and may help your puppy/dog get over this condition.

Q : I have noticed worms in my dog stool. Please advice.
– Srikant, Ooty

Dr. K. G. Umesh : Deworming is generally recommended every 2-3 weeks until 6 months of age and thereafter, once in 3 months. Your vet may recommend a suitable deworming drug depending on type of worms (round, tape, whip etc). There are many safe “All in one” drugs available to treat and control common types of worms in pets.

Dogs and Pups, Nov Dec 07 Issue