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Dogs & Pups, May June 2012 Issue

 

Dogs & Pups, March April 2012 Issue

Strengthening this bond of love… with your time
Born to win –American Staffordshire Terrier
Keep dental stress away
Nurturing a bond of love…
How to promote good oral hygiene
Demystifying dominance
‘The groomed’ city pooch
Why do dogs shed so much
The therapist Dr Moosa…
Woofing back to the days of wolves
Picture Perfect
Paws and Their Stars
Wagging secrets revealed!
Never abandon!
BOW WOWs for canine stars!
Ask the expert
Prevention is always better than cure!
‘WAGS’ for the wonderful vet
Emergencies! Be quick, don’t waste time!
Wheaten Terrier make life beautiful!
+ ‘PAW’-tales
Events

Big Dogs of Tibet and the Himalayas: A Personal Journey

This book by Don Messerschmidt is a journey of discovery of the exotic and rare breeds of large dogs from Tibet and the Himalaya such as the Tibetan Mastiff, the rare Kyi Apso (the bearded or shaggy Tibetan Mastiff), the Himalayan mountain dog and the Sha-kyi (Tibetan hunting dog). Don has undertaken thorough research on the dogs, travelled in the Tibetan plateau and the Himalayan regions of Nepal studying them closely and searched information on these dogs in the old writings of various writers, travellers, anthropologists, spies, explorers, diplomats and missionaries. He has also bred, photographed and made them participate in dog shows. An anthropologist and Himalayan specialist, Don is a Tibetan Mastiff aficionado and spent a considerable time researching, raising and breeding them.
This book dispels a lot of myths about these dogs and is a must read for all big dog admirers.

Dogs & Pups, Jan Feb 2012 Issue

Wagging Happiness!
Newfoundlands: The life saviours
Incredible but true!
Docking and cropping not to be allowed!
+ Play with Royal Canin!!!
Yummy! I’m loving it!
It’s in his genes!
+ Dining petiquettes!
Obedience & agility by OACI
Gifts for someone you love…
+ Picture Perfect
Acute pancreatitis in dogs
Small is beautiful
Fun at Canine Fest 2011
Ask the Experts...
Paws and their star
‘Wags’ for the wonderful vet
+ ‘Paw’-tales
Thank you Paws!
FAQs on ‘Essential Fatty Acid Supplement for Pets’
Events

dog health

Acute pancreatitis in dogs

Acute (sudden) pancreatitis in dog can be detected if the animal shows symptoms like vomiting, severe pain in abdomen, weight loss, weakness, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, etc. Many a time, the animal finally needs to be treated under a critical care setting. Here’s more about this disease.

The disease…dog health

The occurrence of acute pancreatitis is associated with the activation of trypsinogen to trypsin which occurs inside the cells of pancreas. Trypsin is required for protein breakdown in the small intestine. Several undesirable stimuli are thought to be associated with this activation process. Once trypsin is activated, it sets in a cascade of events activating other inactive pancreatic enzymes causing pancreatic damage–a sort of auto or self-digestion, inflammation, edema, etc. Though the exact cause is not known, several factors like hyperlipidemia, high fat meal, obesity and administration of certain drugs may be the inciting cause of acute pancreatitis.

The signs…

Intensity of clinical signs varies from mild to severe. Mild forms may not show any clinical sign except mild uneasiness and loss of appetite. In more severe cases, anorexia, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea and weakness may be seen. Severe cases which go untreated may even proceed to a shock stage depending on the severity and the time taken or intervention. In some cases, signs suggestive of systemic involvement like fever, respiratory distress may also be seen. Neurological signs, if seen, are termed as pancreatic encephalopathy.

The diagnosis…

Proper physical examination and blood test can determine the increase in neutrophil count, decrease in platelet count and anaemia. But it is not the ultimate confirmation test for acute pancreatitis. Ultrasonography is considered more specific especially with an experienced hand. Surgical exploration and biopsy procedures are also useful techniques to diagnose acute pancreatitis.

The treatment…

Once a diagnosis is reached, treatment should be initiated based on the condition of the patient. Less severe cases can be managed with fluid and electrolyte therapy. Pain can be managed with analgesics. Ideally, animal should be maintained without any food orally. Antibiotics are indicated only in cases of pancreatic infections. Peritoneal lavage, a procedure to determine internal bleeding in abdomen, may help in removal of harmful substances which may be released into peritoneal cavity and which is quite doable. Severe cases require constant attention. If shock occurs, emergency procedures may need to be initiated for its management.

(Dr Madhavan Unny N is Assistant Professor at Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Kerala).

What goes inside your dog’s mind?

Have you ever thought what your dog thinks? Well, Alexandra Horowitz, Term Assistant Professor, Psychology from Barnard College, Columbia University has come up with an interesting book on the subject. Dogs & Pups interacted with her on how she came up with this wonderful idea. Excerpts.

D&P: Please tell us something about your book Inside Of A Dog.book review

Alexandra: This book is an attempt to use scientific results about dogs’ perceptual and cognitive capacities to imagine what the world looks like from a dog’s point of view: the dog’s perspective.

D&P: How did you conceive the idea of writing this book?

Alexandra: I study dog behaviour scientifically, and am also a dog owner. I found that the results of research scientists were performing were not being translated to the population of dog owners, and I thought it was high time that someone must do so. I was also interested in using some results of research in a creative way to answer the kinds of questions dog owners have about their pups – questions not explicitly asked by science, such as “Do dogs get bored?” “What does my dog know about me?” and so on.

D&P: What has been the response of the book so far?

Alexandra: The response has been very good, which is delightful. People here in the States seem very much interested in trying to understand what dogs know and understand – how they see the world.

D&P: What is the main aim of the book?

Alexandra: That is the aim: to begin to draw a picture of how the dog sees the world. By doing so, I think dog owners can start to forge a new relationship with their dogs: instead of anthropomorphizing (attributing human-like characteristics to their dogs), we can appreciate what dogs are really capable of. This, in turn, can lead to being less focussed on whether a dog is “misbehaving” and more interested in how to make the dog’s life a rich one.

D&P: Being a canine psychologist, please share a few things which every dog owner should keep in mind to keep their pooch happy?

Alexandra: Dogs are very responsive and attentive to human movement and behaviour. If we spent half as much time studying them as they do studying us, we would learn a lot.

D&P: How can a dog owner know his pooch needs attention?

Alexandra: Simply because dogs can sleep a lot doesn’t mean they don’t need attention or company. Dogs are social animals, and need lots of social time. Dogs have a lot of ways to tell you when they need attention: from barking, to walking restlessly near you, to putting their head on your lap, etc. Watch your dog, and see how he tries to get your attention – and reinforce the attention-getters you like.

D&P: How can we avoid behavioural problems in our pooches?

Alexandra: Spend a lot of time with your dog; form a good relationship early on, where the dog knows that you will be there for him; give him lots of exercise and care; allow him to interact with other dogs from early in his life.

Dogs & Pups, Sep Oct 2011Issue

EDITORIAL
Paw-precious giftsBREED PROFILE
Belgian Shepherds: huge bundles of energyBREED PROFILE
The loyal ones!

Watch out for food allergies…

The Pug –
The Pug – A little bundle of fun…

Paw@care
Pawsome Festivities!

HEALTH
Yes! They are harmful

TRAINING
Chase no more!

Benefits of Mixing Dry and Wet feeding in pets

Angels together
Pooches your kid’s best tutor

FEATURE
Survival tactics for Alzheimer’s disease

National Training Centre For Dogs…

PICTURE PERFECT

PAWS and THEIR STARS

KIDS KORNER

Events

ASK THE EXPERT

FEATURE
Dine with your canine… in style

Grooming
Resolving the matt menace

‘WAGS’ FOR THE WONDERFUL VET

TRAINING
Dog training classes… for pettiquettes

FURtune runners!

Health
Surgery…don’t be afraid!

TIPS & TRICKS
7 ways to bond with your pooch

BEHAVIOUR
Lick, lick, lick stop the habit!

‘PAW’-tales

Dogs & Pups, July August 2011 Issue

Editorial

Sparkling seven!

Breed Profile

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog loving all the way!

Happy, jovial and loving – a Greater Swiss Mountain Dog (GSMD) craves attention and human company. But, this is not the breed for everyone as they need a master with strong leadership skills. If you have the skills to handle him, bingo…you have an ideal family pet.

Lovable Labs!

One of the most popular dog breeds, Labrador Retrievers not only make excellent companions but are also popular as working and assistance dogs.

Play with Royal Canin
How well do you know your puppy?

Behaviour

Mind your manners!

Don’t blame your dog if he is not behaving right…his behaviour problems can stem from the environment he has been reared in, his socialisation and may be even because of your behaviour with him.

Grooming

Precious paw care…

Just like our feet need care, our dog’s paws also need to be clean and well. Paws can get cut, scratched, ticks, etc and have foreign objects embedded in them. Here’s how to keep a check…

Angels Together

Rainy Day activities for kids and dogs

“It’s raining, it’s pouring, everything is boring!” Rainy days with stir-crazy kids and dogs can try your sanity. When your kids wail that there’s nothing fun to do, have them try some of these simple games with the family dog.

Is salt really bad for dogs?

Health

Thyroid problems
– Canines get affected too!


Sparkling colourful Seven!

Seven is the basis of several auspicious occasions and things in the world. Be it the wonders of the world; continents; colours in the rainbow; days in a week or basic musical notes. Woof! Seven is surely a great number and as we turn seven this month, we decided to share the positive powers of seven with all our proud pet parents.

Seven ways to make the most of your vet visit

Picture Perfect


FAQs on Osteoarthritis in dogs

Osteoarthritis is a chronic, progressive, degenerative and painful joint disease in dogs. Here are a few FAQs on the same.

Grooming

Shine even when it pours…

Monsoon is a time to enjoy with your doggies. Unlike summers where it’s too hot or the winters where it gets too cold, the rainy season is one of the most enjoyable times for pet parents to spend with their dogs outdoor as long as some rules are followed.

Ask the Experts..

 

Paws and their stars

Be it bold ‘Khallas’ girl, petite Rajjo of Pinjar or smart Anita of ‘Don – The Chase Begins Again’… we loved Isha Koppikar in all her cameo roles. We saw her act…we love her dance…we like her style…what next. Yep! It’s her great compassion for our furry four-legged friends. Now let’s focus on her dog love only… so all tails up for Isha – a proud pet parent…woof!

Angels Together

A puppy party for kid-friendly dogs

Hosting a puppy party is a great way to help your new puppy begin enjoying and feeling at ease around kids. Puppies under five months old can learn a lot in an easy 30-minute play date. Here are a few tips.

‘Paw’-Tales

Remembrance

My friend, my mentor… I will always love you!

‘WAGS’ For the wonderful vet

Extraordinary pooches

Therapy

Swim for cure

Did you ever think that water can have a calming, soothing and therapeutic effect on your canine? Hydrotherapy for canines is gaining popularity not just for health benefits, but also for emotional and spiritual gains. Here’s more on this amazing therapy.

Grooming

Pawsitive grooming

The importance of grooming is well known to keep your pooch good looking and healthy. But not all pooches would take to grooming sessions positively. Here’s how to keep the stress out.

Kids Korner

 

Events

A puppy party for kid-friendly dogs

Hosting a puppy party is a great way to help your new puppy begin enjoying and feeling at ease around kids. Puppies under five months old can learn a lot in an easy 30-minute play date. Here are a few tips.

Send invitations to 5-10 kids: Write something like this: “We have a new dog! Bailey is a three-month-old Beagle/Labrador mix, and she loves kids! You are invited to her first puppy party where you can help us teach her how to play nicely with kids. Join us on Saturday at 2:30 pm.”

Proper introductions: Have Bailey on a leash when the kids arrive. Step on it so that she cannot jump on

Children and Dog

ANGELS TOGETHER

the children. Ask them to come over and extend their fist (with fingers curled in) so that she can sniff it. Explain to the kids that dogs use their sense of smell to recognise people and that Bailey sniffs them to learn who they are. Most puppies will be wiggly and interested in the kids. Let the kids pet Bailey gently under her chin or on the side of her neck. Encourage the children to be careful of the dog’s sensitive eyes and ears, which will discourage them from petting the dog on top of the head. People often pat dogs on the head, but dogs really don’t like it, so you’ll be teaching the children good habits for interacting with all dogs.

Pass the puppy: After each child has had a chance to meet the puppy on leash, have the kids all sit in a circle on the floor. Each child in turn will be allowed to call Bailey over, give her a treat, and gently pet her for about 15 seconds. Give a few delicious dog treats to each child in turn. The other kids should be told to ignore Bailey if she comes to them when it isn’t their turn. Once everyone has had a turn, go around again and give each child two more treats. Then you will call a child’s name at random, and he can again call Bailey, give her one of the treats, and pet her gently. When everyone has had two turns in the mixed up sequence, the kids can begin teaching Bailey to sit politely for greeting.

Be a tree: Put Bailey in her crate for a few minutes and, teach all of the children to be a tree—by planting their feet, clasping their hands together and holding them close to their body, and looking down at their feet. Tell the kids that by being a tree they are using body language to teach a dog to be calm and polite. Have a few silly, wiggly practice sessions in which you all hop around and then on cue suddenly freeze into the tree pose. Kids love that. Bring Bailey back over on leash and tell each child to be a tree when she comes close. If she jumps on them, they should ignore her and keep being a tree.

Let Bailey wander around the kids for a minute or two. She’ll be wondering why they are all suddenly so boring. Then give the children each a treat and ask them to stand in a circle so they can practice teaching Bailey not to jump on people. As with Pass the Puppy, each kid will take a turn to call Bailey over. If she jumps up, the child should immediately be a tree and withhold the treat. If she does not jump, tell them to give her the treat. After going around the room a few times, Bailey will quickly learn that keeping all four paws on the ground equals treats and jumping makes people become boring. What a great lesson for a young pup to learn.

Helping the lessons to stick: Put Bailey back in her crate for a nap and take the kids to the kitchen to wash up and get a snack. Over cookies and juice, talk to the kids about all the ways they can help Bailey—and the other dogs they know—by interacting with them in gentle, calm ways. Remind them that they can be a tree whenever they are worried about a new dog or when they are near a dog that is being too silly, such as when they come through the door at a friend’s house and the dog greets enthusiastically. Dogs communicate almost exclusively through body language so tell the kids they are learning to communicate with the dogs in “dog language” and that their new skills will make dogs like them even more than they already do.

Thank them for helping you get Bailey off to a good start, and ask them to continue to help you by not petting Bailey if she jumps on them. Using these simple tips, you will soon have a dog who loves hanging out with kids and enjoys gentle, calm interactions with them.

Send out your invitations right away. Kids will be clamoring to come to your puppy party!

(Colleen Pelar, CPDT, CDBC, is the author of Living with Kids and Dogs . . . Without Losing Your Mind. Since 1991, Colleen has been the go-to person for parents trying to navigate kid-and-dog issues. Because a knowledgeable adult can improve every interaction between a child and a dog, Colleen is committed to educating parents, children, and dog owners on kid-and-dog relationships. For more information, visit www.livingwithkidsanddogs.com).

dog health

FAQs on Osteoarthritis in dogs

Osteoarthritis is a chronic, progressive, degenerative and painful joint disease in dogs. Here are a few FAQs on the same.

What are Joints?

Joints are formed by two or more bones, where their articulating ends are lined by a protective cushion calleddog health cartilage. The non-articular portion of the joints is covered by synovial membrane. The synovial fluid fills the synovial cavity, which acts as a lubricant for the joint. The cartilage does not have its own blood or nerve supplies; as long as the cartilage is intact, there wouldn’t be pain during movement.

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis means inflammation of the joints, where the joints become hot, painful, swollen and difficult to move. In case of arthritis, the cartilages are gradually worn out, exposing the ends of the bones. When the bones, having nerve supplies are rubbing one another during movement, it becomes very painful and can badly affect the mobility and activity of the pet animals.

What are the types of Arthritis?

Arthritis can be broadly classified into three types:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis: It is primarily due to abnormal immune reaction.
  • Septic arthritis: It is caused by micro organisms such as bacteria, viruses and fungi.
  • Osteoarthritis/Degenerative joint disease: It occurs when the cartilage is damaged either by wear and tear as the animal ages, or as a result of trauma, infection or surgery. The damaged cells of the cartilage release substances which result in inflammation, pain and further damage to the cartilage. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis.

What are the causes of Osteoarthritis?

  • Old age: In old age, the body utilizes the cartilage forming substances faster than it can produce. The cartilage will be more susceptible to damage. However arthritis can also be seen in young dogs.
  • Hip and elbow dysplasia: Hip and elbow joints are the two most active and weight bearing joints. The more the activity of the joint, the higher is the chance of damage to cartilage.
  • Improper nutrition: An imbalanced diet can also increase the occurrence of osteoarthritis.
  • Obesity: Dogs who are overweight have more chances to suffer osteoarthritis due to the increased strain and pressure on the joints. These dogs may develop arthritis at a younger age.
  • Injuries: Injury to the cartilage can weaken the joint and make it more prone to Osteoarthritis. Smooth and slippery floor where the pets frequently overstretch their limbs, activities like strenuous exercise, constant jumping or other physical exertion also contribute to cartilage damage.

Which breeds of dog are commonly affected by Osteoarthritis?

Bones are the main lever for bearing the body weight. Osteoarthritis is commonly found in large and giant breeds of dogs, where the joints bear more tension. The breeds of dog commonly affected are Great Danes, Rottweilers, German Shepherds, Mastiff, New Foundland, St. Bernard’s, Labrador and Golden Retrievers.

veterinarian will go through your pet’s medical history and conduct a physical examination. He/she will want to know about your pet’s lifestyle as well as the symptoms and behaviours you have observed at home.

In the early stages of arthritis, the dog’s joints will be swollen and sore, and the veterinarian will be able to detect this through physical examination. If arthritis has occurred since long time, x-rays can be very helpful with identifying the arthritis and assessing the degree of joint damage. Other diagnostic methods like blood tests and joint fluid analysis can be used to diagnose certain types of arthritis.

How to manage Osteoarthritis?

Complete recovery or cure is not possible in case of osteoarthritis, but managing it to improve the quality of pet’s life is possible. The faster osteoarthritis is first diagnosed and treated, the better your pet’s quality of life will be. The choice of treatment often depends on the cause of arthritis and the severity of the disease.

  • NSAIDs: NSAIDs can reduce the inflammation within a short period of time. But, as osteoarthritis requires long term management, some dogs may be sensitive to their side affects such as lack of appetite, vomiting and diarrhoea.
  • Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids can show a drastic improvement in some cases of osteoarthritis. However, long term use may reduce wound healing and may cause other adverse effects.
  • Antibiotics: Septic arthritis are preferred to treat with Antibiotics for a month under the veterinarians’ recommendation.
  • Nutraceuticals: Nutraceuticals can help prevent further breakdown of the cartilage and support the joint. As these products are natural, they have no side effects and can be used alongside prescribed medication. Their onset of action may take longer time; it is very essential for the pet owner to follow their veterinarian’s suggestion.

Supplementation can be started at any stage in life, but is most effective if started at or just as the signs of arthritis begin to show. It is beneficial to supplement working dogs and overweight dogs from a young age as their joints are placed under additional strain. Research has shown that in many cases Nutraceuticals are highly effective in management of joint diseases.

Osteoarthritis may progress very slowly (over years) or very quickly (in a few weeks or months); depending on your pet’s age, activity level, the joints involved and the underlying causes. A simple regimen of weight control, moderate, regular exercise, nutraceuticals and occasional use of anti-inflammatory drugs may be sufficient to manage to relieve the pain.

What are the common compounds used in joint support Nutraceuticals?

  1. Glucosamine: This is the most common ingredient found in joint supplements. It can be available in Glucosamine Hydrochloride and Glucosamine Sulfate, where Glucosamine Hydrochloride is more preferred as it is smaller and more readily absorbed into the cartilage. Glucosamine may help to prevent cartilage degeneration and help repair some of the damage by promoting the synthesis of cartilage and synovial fluid.
  2. Chondroitin: Chondroitin Sulfate is a natural component of cartilage. It provides building blocks for the synthesis of glycosaminoglycans (cartilage building blocks). It provides resistance of cartilage to compression helps cartilage repair and improves the quality.
  3. Herbal extracts: There are various scientific reports of using herbal extracts for managing osteoarthritis. Among these, extracts of Boswellia serrata and Withania somniferra are the two potent anti-inflammatory agents, which are effective for reducing the arthritic pain and swelling, and at the same time have very low risk of side effects.

Other commonly used compounds in joint support nutraceuticals include Methyl Sulphonyl Methane (MSM), Green Lipped Mussel, and Essential fatty acid Omega 3, Manganese and Vitamins E and C which are effective in cartilage formation, repair and reducing cartilage damage.

In any case, your veterinarian can determine the best course of treatment. There is no reason why, with your faithful attention and loving care, as well as your veterinarian’s guidance, your osteoarthritic pet cannot have a comfortable life.

by Dr. I Ilango and Dr. Lalhmingmuana Sailo – Product Management Team – Petcare, Bangalore