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Guidelines for introducing dogs and children

There are a few things parents need to know and do before they bring a new child into a household where a dog lives. Similarly, it is equally important to follow certain guidelines to bring a new dog into a home with children. Here are a few of those things. 

Introducing new children into a house containing a dog:

  • Ideally, the dog should have been socialised to children as a puppy.
  • The dog should be responsive to you and readily obey basic commands (e.g. sit, come etc.).
  • Your routine with the dog should be modified in anticipation of the arrival of a new child. If the dog is used to spending all of his time with the owner, this should gradually be reduced so that no sudden reduction occurs when the child arrives.
  • As soon as a new baby arrives, dogs should be rewarded (with food or praise) when in his presence so that they come to associate the presence of the child with pleasure. Shutting the dog away or shouting at him whenever the baby appears may lead to the dog perceiving the child as a negative experience.
  • Aspects of canine health care such as worming and control of other parasites should be a routine part of responsible dog ownership. However, care must be taken to ensure that this is not overlooked with all the new activities associated with the arrival of a new child.
  • In the interest of both, a dog and a young child should never be left alone without supervision.
  • Before the baby arrives, get the dog accustomed to child-like playing. The dog should be rewarded for accepting this contact. It will also be beneficial if other children can be encouraged to handle the dog while rewarding him with food or praise.
  • The dog should be taught not to snatch food or toys from your hand but only to take these objects gently after being told to do so. Practicing with the help of other children when training is complete will be beneficial as it will teach the dog not to steal food or toys from young children.

Introducing new dogs into a household containing children:

  • If a puppy is chosen, you should ensure that he is young enough to be socialised to children, or has had positive experience of children in the breeder’s home.
  • If an older dog is obtained, his response to children should be assessed prior to getting him into the family. This is particularly important at feeding occasions or when in possession of a toy. Some dogs who are not accustomed to the presence of children may respond in a fearful or threatening way on these occasions.
  • Children should be educated in the responsibilities of pet ownership for example, that pets are not toys, and can feel pain if roughly handled.
  • Children should be encouraged to take part in activities with dogs that are appropriate to the child’s age. For example, a four-year-old child can assist their parent in the preparation and presentation of food.
  • At an appropriate age, children should be encouraged to train dogs in appropriate obedience activities such as sitting and coming when called. These activities serve to teach dogs that children are higher in the social hierarchy.

 

A dog’s life

‘A dog’s life’ is narrated by Moti from his home in heaven.
-by Lynn d Souza

Till now… Moti was picked up by Golu from his littermates and bought to Brindavan building, where he meets Tiger (another dog), Harichander (the watchman) and Pinto girl. He gets hurt and is driven away. He seeks refuge in the drain but with the onset of monsoon, the drain gets clogged. With the help of Pinto mother, he gets acceptance in Brindavan, which becomes his home now. All through this, Pinto girl remains by his side. He befriends Rani and even becomes a dad…

The dog van is the one thing that all stray dogs dread. There are of course many types of dog vans, and some of them are actually run by hospitals to capture and treat sick stray dogs and make them well again. But in this story, I am talking of the death dog van, the one in which cruel men used to drive around, to catch stray dogs which had to be put to death in an electric chamber. The one that took Tiger’s mom away.
The death dog vans no longer exist, because many animal loving groups protested against them to the government, which then abolished their use. But during the first half of my lifetime, they were very much around.
“You must be very careful of this van,” the Pinto girl warned us, “That’s why I’ve given you collars, which you mustn’t lose. The dog catchers are paid twenty five rupees for every dog they catch, so they’d love to catch you”.
What we didn’t know then, but learned only later, was that though they were meant to pick up only stray unlicensed dogs, they would often go after other dogs on the street wearing collars, like me, because we were easier to catch being friendlier with and more trusting of humans. Then they would remove the collars and license tags, throw them away, and pocket the illegal income.Tiger and I often observed the action from a safe distance. There were usually three or four men in every van, including the driver. The van would start patrolling the streets early in the morning, and stop wherever it found stray dogs running about. Then two men would jump out of the van, and begin rounding up the dogs, one at a time, by backing them up against a wall or a gate and shouting loudly at the same time. The third man would carry a long metal pole at the end of which were the metal clamps. He w ould grab the terrorised dog around the jaws with the clamps, and then drag the poor animal by its neck and teeth into the van.
Since the dog would be struggling hard to free itself from the clamp, there was no way it could bite, nor could it turn around because of some contraption that was in those clamps. I saw a couple of dogs choke to death right before my eyes even before they made it to the van.
One early morning, Tiger and I trotted back from our stroll with the Pinto dogs and the Pinto father, and were still sniffing around in the cool dewy air on the street aimlessly indulging in our favourite morning occupation – when the death van arrived. The men came up so stealthily behind us that we were taken completely by surprise. Tiger got caught first. He screamed when the clamps descended around his mouth, but the men were too quick, grabbing him by the hindquarters and flinging
him into the van.
Then they came after me, as I knew they would. I should have run away, but didn’t want to leave Tiger alone, so I stood there and did what I do best-yelled and howled with all my might.I was thrown roughly into the van, and barely managed to straighten myself, when I heard the Pinto girl come charging.“You have taken my dogs”, she scolded. “They have collars and license tags, you have no right to do that”.
“We haven’t taken any dogs without tags”, the driver lied.“I don’t believe you”, she insisted. “Let me look inside and check”.
“You can’t do that”, he replied rudely. “We won’t let you”.
“Oh, just try stopping me”, she defied him, and then boldly jumped up into the front of the van, and peeped back into the rear area where Tiger and I wagged our tails furiously, surrounded by five or six other cowering dogs. “There they are, those are mine”, she cried, when she saw us. “You just take them off this van at once”.
“We won’t do anything. Even collared dogs are not supposed to run about loose on the street. If you don’t get off the van, we’ll report you to the police”. The driver was getting really rude and threatening now.
“Ok, let’s go straight to the police station then”, she retorted. “I have their licenses here, and I will complain to them about how you are taking dogs for money”.
By then many people from
the building were looking out of their balconies, and Harichander and the watchman had gathered around to watch.
Meanwhile her parents were watching the scene from the balcony above, and from time to time, they issued words of caution. When they realised that she was taking no notices, her father came rushing down.
He forcibly wrenched open the driver’s door, and threatened him loudly.
“First you show us your own license”, he demanded.
The driver fumbled around in his pocket, no longer as cocky as he was earlier. When he couldn’t produce the license immediately, the Pinto father pulled at his shoulder and shouted. “Get out of this van at once, I am taking you to the police station for driving without a license”.
I don’t know whether the driver really had a licence or not, but he certainly got very scared of the Pinto father, and immediately gave orders for us to be released.
We jumped off the van, and she came running over to us and hugged us hard. But tears were rolling down her eyes.
“I wish I could have got those other dogs off the van as well”, she said. “Oh, I’ll never forget the look on their faces, all scared and hopeful, their eyes pleading with me to save them too”.
But hey, wait a minute. I haven’t even got to the electrocution bit yet. My death van story isn’t over. Barely a month later we got caught again, this time when the Pintos weren’t at home. So we were taken away, yes, all the way to the death chamber.
Every city corporation has a pound, a place where lost and stray animals are kept for a few days till they are reclaimed by their owners, rescued by animal shelters, or put to sleep. Nowadays, unwanted and very ill animals are put to sleep in a humane way, using a painless injection.
But at the time that I am writing about, hundreds of dogs would be rounded up each day. The practice was to keep them in the pound for three days and electrocute them after that if no one came to claim them.
At the end of a long bumpy ride in the van, jostled among strange dogs, we were thrown out and dragged into very large cages. Some of the dogs resisted going in, and bit at the clamps till their mouths and tongues were dripping with blood. Some others peed and shat in fright and slipped on their dirt.
The cages itself were meant to hold about ten dogs each, but we were thrown inside and crammed with at least forty other dogs. Most of them were vomiting, peeing and crapping with nausea and fright. Those that had been there for more than a day knew exactly what was in store for them.
The attendants went to two of the other cages and threw chains around some of the dogs, tied them by the feet, and then dunked them into large buckets of water. The dogs, by now, were too terrorised to protest physically, but some of them did scream out so pitifully, I still hear the sounds.
They were then led dripping wet into the electric chamber next door, where a current was passed under the floor to electrocute them to death. The problem was that this current was usually not strong enough to kill instantaneously.
We heard yelps of terror and protest turn into tortured shrieks of pain, as the dogs felt the first shocks of unimaginable agony, when the electric current started shooting up their wet feet. Then the shrieks quietened down into dull moans as they gradually got burned to death. The smell of charring fur and flesh hung heavily over us for the rest of the day.
We were meant to be fed, and watered every day. Instead, the attendants pocketed our rations, figuring that there was no point in feeding dogs that were going to die anyway. Besides, none of us wanted to eat, the state of filth and fright too overpowering for any hunger or thirst to be felt. There was no place to sit, so we stood all day and night. Even normally ferocious dogs cowered against each other, and I did not see a single dog fight while I was there.
With my fearful timid nature, I would probably have died in that cage itself, if it hadn’t been for Tiger, who stood close by me, and comforted me all the while. He was sure she would come for us, and would stick his nose into my rat-eaten ears from time to time to tell me so.
What I will tell you now is based on what she told me a few days after taking us home.
She had a sleepless night too. She had never seen the death chamber and had only a rough idea of how bad it was, but just the thought that we could be dead, or worse, alive but just barely, made her toss and turn and cry.
So very early in the morning, she called up the vet who treated her dogs and gave us our regular shots. He gave her the phone number and address of the pound we were most likely to be at, and told her to be there as early as possible, before they started up the electrocution because sometimes they carelessly took in dogs that had just arrived.
I don’t think I have ever been so relieved and overjoyed to see anyone as I was when I saw her that morning, accompanied by her father. When they came into the large room to identify us, all the dogs started howling loudly to attract their attention, hoping to be rescued too.
Tiger and I stood up on our hind legs reaching out paws way above our heads and the heads of the other dogs around us, to make sure she didn’t miss us in the crowd in that darkened room. She did spot us thankfully, and must have been glad to see us, but her face didn’t show it – the sight of the filth and the stench of death must have been too hard to bear.
She didn’t even open her mouth to speak to us, but just pointed us out to the attendant, then quickly slipped our collars over our necks. She led us out to her car to take us home, while her father went away to complete some formalities and from there on to his office.
Tiger and I felt very lucky, but this time I too felt sad to leave all the others behind. I knew now what was going to happen to them, and for the first time in my life I actually wanted to reach out and bite the leg of one of the attendants who was leading us out.
Normally, Tiger and I sat quietly on the floorboards, whenever she took us in her car for a trip to the vet. But
this time, we were both inexplicably boisterous.
She tried to hold us down, but it was a losing battle. At the end of the forty five minute drive, she was as exhausted and filthy and tense as we were, covered with the urine and vomit of all the other
dogs that had rubbed off on to our bodies, and the car was a total mess.
Nothing that couldn’t be wiped clean of course, unlike the memories of those harrowing moments in the death chamber.
But we had survived that near death experience, and it became one that would tie the bonds between her and us forever, long after death really took us away.
To be continued in the next issue…

A dog’s life

‘A dog’s life’ is narrated by Moti from his home in heaven.

After that, life became one long party. My skin began to heal very fast, and I began to put on weight. Within a few months, the fur started growing back, still coarse and mousy brown, but at least I looked like a proper dog. Since my muscles had grown stronger, I could walk and run around using all four legs. In fact, you wouldn’t even have known I was lame when I was in motion. It was only while standing still that my left rear leg looked slightly raised at the hip.
My ears had healed well. The Pinto girl called them maps of Australia, because the flaps were all unevenly shaped where the pieces had been bitten off.
In the beginning, Harichander and watchman avoided me. But as I started getting well, and they realised that I was really quite even tempered, they started talking to me occasionally.
Though I must clarify that I never sought out or greeted any humans other than the Pintos. But when approached by anyone, I would wag my tail politely, and allow them to stroke me. And I was very careful to stand by the one personal rule I had made – never ever to bite any living creature, whatever the provocation.
Tiger and I adopted the Pinto family. They had six dogs, of which three were white, one black and two brown. They were walked in groups of three, twice a day. Tiger and I would scamper along beside them pretending we were on leashes too, all walking in a horizontal line. Two of the white ones were males, but they didn’t act possessive of their white lady, and allowed us to cover her pee. Lucky thing, she had four guys with her always marking after her.
But Tiger and I were always aware of the “status” difference. Oh yes, doggy society has that too. So we did very much want a girlfriend of our own to hang out with.
Tiger told me that there were lots of interesting things we could do with a female dog. He had done some, and then found his female friends with lots of little pups after that. But he also warned me that when it got really interesting, all the male dogs nearby would start fighting, and we could get bitten and mauled. He had been wounded several times, but not too badly.
“The fun part is so good, Moti, that you just don’t care about the pain from fighting for it. There are many days when I don’t even want to eat when I’m on a roll”.
I was curious about all this. So when Rani moved in next door one summer, I greeted her with much warmth and expectation.
She was already a grown up dog, and we had no idea where she suddenly sprung from, nor did she ever tell us.
Tiger said she looked a lot like his mother, white with brown patches. She was very pretty with a taut muscular little body and the sweetest nature I ever encountered among all the dogs I knew. She had an enticing short stepped springy gait, and swayed her hindquarters slightly when she walked. She was lovely, and we were in love.
The three of us got along like a house on fire. We played in the field, we ran about in the streets, we were fed like clockwork so never went hungry, and we slept, as they say, like dogs. The Pinto girl often teased me about what a great life we had. “We humans go to work, to make money to live. But you chaps just have a ball the whole day long”, she grumbled at me affectionately. But that was strictly not true. We did guard the building at night. There were many occasions when we fended off cat burglars and car accessory thieves by barking, and walking up the night watchman.
It was Rani who did most of the guard work. She was always alert especially at night, and her pert little ears picked up the smallest of sounds. As for Tiger, he was only too happy to let Rani take over the watch once she moved in.
“Her bark is better than mine”, was his excuse. “The humans find it more scary”.
A few months after knowing Rani, she suddenly became all playful and affectionate. I was very happy and surprised about that, but Tiger started behaving a little odd with me. Now and then, he would growl at me for no apparent reason, and I would move away hurt but without argument.
Then, Rani began to wander off a bit, Tiger in tow. I didn’t like to stray too far from the building, so I didn’t join them. After some weeks, all kinds of male dogs came visiting, wanting to play with Rani, and she would enjoy herself with all of them. But some of them would get angry with each other, and there would be noisy fights.
I decided that I had my share of beating up in life and wanted no part of this aggression, so I stayed quietly out of the way and just observed. Then the pandemonium stopped as quickly as it started, and after a month, Rani became very quiet indeed, and put on some weight. Another month, and lo and behold, just as Tiger said, one morning we found four little pups all curled up near Rani.
Initially, Rani refused to let us approach her. But after a few days, she allowed me to come forward and sniff her babies. Strangely enough, though Tiger was probably a father to one or two of them, she refused to let him even within a few feet from her. I was however allowed to sit close by, and lick them and nuzzle them.
The pups were blind and deaf, and only interested in her milk and sleep, and cried stupidly every time they were hungry and she had gone off to ease herself. But they soon grew bigger and fatter, and after their eyes opened, they waddled off by themselves on their plump little feet. As they got older, they got very playful, knocking each other about, rolling on their sides, and chasing each other, and I would join in the revelry, privately thinking that they were very silly fellows indeed.
“Rani is too choosy”, Tiger complained to me. “Why does she treat you like their father, and not me?”
“You had your fun with her earlier”, I replied, “and I didn’t complain, did I? She probably thinks you will be too rough with them, that’s all. Now let’s just enjoy being with these kids since they will go away soon, and then you will miss them a little. Later it will just be the three of us again, and you will feel better”.
As soon as the pups were two months old, the Pinto girl found human homes for them, and things were back to normal.
This cycle happened a few more times over the years, till one day I decided that it was time Rani made me a father too.
She was very sweet about that, letting me play with her quietly.
One day inside the building when no other dogs were around, so that I wouldn’t get attacked by them. After it was over, I noticed that the Pinto mother had seen us. That evening when the Pinto girl brought us our food, she gave me a special cuddle. “I’m so happy for you, Moti. I bet your pup will be Rani’s best ever”.
And he was. A fine light brown fellow with my hazel eyes, who found a good home, which I hope stayed that way. I never saw him again, just like I never saw my parents and littermates – but then, even if I had, I wouldn’t know. After he and his littermates left, Rani did a very strange thing. She adopted a kitten! He was a little ginger brown tabby that had wandered into our building when he was a few weeks old, meowing pitifully with hunger. Cats weren’t too popular among the building folk, so Harichander and the rest of the downstairs gang ignored him.
He must have hung around furtively, in the way that cats always seem to, till he got the smell of milk from Rani’s teats. I wasn’t around to actually see Rani bond with him. All I know was that the next morning I found him suckling away at one of her teats, eyes closed in bliss, paws kneading her stomach, while Rani looked up at me sheepishly.
She knew that Tiger and I hated cats, but her maternal instinct was too strong for her to discard the orphaned kitten, especially now when her teats were still full of milk but there were no pups around to suckle.
Tiger was disgusted by her “betrayal” and snarled at the kitten, who ignored him in that supercilious way cats have. “First she doesn’t treat me like the father of her pups, now she goes and feeds this cat”, he grumbled. Tiger liked to be the centre of attention and losing out to the pups was bad enough, but losing out to a kitten was an insult.
I decided to ignore them, since Rani would not have listened to us anyway, and told Tiger to do the same. He reluctantly agreed, sensing that this was not going to be a permanent problem.
The Pinto girl got very excited when she saw Rani feeding the kitten, and rushed off to get her camera for a photograph. This made us jealous, because she had never taken photos of us, and we told her so. “Stop making such a fuss”, she chided us. “I have photos of you in my heart, okay, where they last much longer. But cats never stay, and this kitten will go off soon. Besides, this is like an animal miracle and I want to show this photo around to a few friends”.
The kitten stayed on for more that a month, growing fat and friendly. He and Rani scampered around the building, like an odd couple, and I think he became genuinely confused about whether he was a dog or a cat.
He rolled and leaped about imitating Rani, but did none of the usual cat things like kneading and stalking, and jumping around in mid air. But Tiger and I continued to ignore him, because who knew when he would suddenly realize that he had those awful retractable cat claws with which he could scratch our faces?
He did go away soon, but not in the way we expected. One night he got hit by a speeding car when he left the building to investigate something on the road.
Rani was desolate, sadder than she had ever been to see any of her own puppies go. But there is no place for lasting grief in the animal world, and she recovered soon enough.

What entertainment does my dog like?

Entertainment adds zing to our lives. And while it seems hard to believe, it’s true that the same holds for our dogs. They need to be kept well entertained too! However, their preferences of course are far different from ours. Find out what interest them!!!  

Can dogs watch television?
Yes, dogs do look at the television. It may be due to the movement, the sound, the music or perhaps another animal on the screen, but this usually only lasts a few seconds, so the dog may quickly get bored.
Sometimes the introduction or ending music of a television programme may be the conditioned trigger that tells your dog that he is about to get his dinner or go out for a walk etc.
However, what your dog would prefer to do is to be mentally stimulated, i.e. – out sniffing around in a forest, a casual walk with his owner exploring the environment, searching for some hidden treats, chewing on a Kong stuffed with food, playing with a treat ball, or chewing a big meaty bone, using his senses and brain.
What entertainment do dogs like?
Dogs usually have a very strong exploration streak, and they love scanning new environments to see what may interest them. They may even stop to watch something interesting out of curiosity or to work out if the situation is safe or dangerous, but it would only be for a few seconds and the dog may go and investigate or ignore it completely depending on the breed.
They are most entertained using their instinctive behaviours such as nose work, exploring, digging, chewing and playing.
It may be worth researching your own breed of dog and finding out just what they were originally bred for, this will help you to understand your breed and their instincts better.
What games do dogs like to play?
You will be surprised to find how many mentally stimulating games there are that dogs like to play. Physical games such as ball games, tug games, swimming are okay if kept short.
Other games for your dog are games that will challenge his brain and teach him to think such as finding hidden treats, food stuffed Kong’s, old cereal box with boxes one inside the other and the last box with treats, etc. You can even train a few tricks such as rolling a ball, retrieving named objects to you, finding toys or even another person. It just takes a little imagination to think of fun and interesting ways to stimulate your dog’s brain. Care must be taken not to encourage behaviours such as chasing. This is a natural instinct that can become very strong and very hard to stop.
Do dogs get bored?
While this is something none of you will be prepared for, the truth is that dogs do get very bored sometimes. A bored dog is like a bored child and will need to find a way to stop the boredom by looking for something to do.
A dog who is tied up or placed in a kennel all day with nothing to do and no mental stimulation is very likely to develop behavioural problems, just as we humans would in the same situation. Dogs love to use their nose. Rather than ‘blocking’ inappropriate activities, develop your own relationship by sharing activities such as tracking and other types of nose work.
Each day dogs need to think, play and exercise both physically and mentally, to explore new environments, and to be understood and loved. With a good balance of these, your dog will be a happy healthy dog.
Why do dogs sleep so much?
In the wild, dogs need to conserve their energy for hunting. Hunting requires a lot of energy for a dog and a lot of stress is placed on them as they are using their physical and mental energy. Time between hunting is spent resting, calming down and lowering the stress levels. Apart from puppies and adolescents, dogs in the wild very rarely play, conserving energy for hunting and rearing puppies. In living with humans in urban areas, this natural instinct to save energy still applies. The dog will sleep most of the day, saving energy for play, walks, nose work, exploring etc.
It is a case of “old habits die-hard,” and it’s up to us to see that they get their share of rest, and all the love and care they deserve.
(Nicole Mackie has a certificate each in canine psychology and behaviour along with many short courses in clicker training. She is a dog training instructor at the Sheila Harper Canine Education Centre in the Midlands of England. She also takes clicker training seminars in New Zealand.)

A Dog’s Life From my safe vantage point

Till now… Moti was picked up by Golu from his littermates and brought to Brindavan building, where he meets Tiger (another dog), Harichander (the watchman) and Pinto girl. He gets hurt and is disowned. He is driven away from Brindavan and he makes the drain as his home. The Pinto girl is concerned about him and brings him food everyday. Tiger shows him the cricket field, where he plays at night….

The second monsoon of my life came with a very loud bang indeed. Lightning and thunderclaps, heavy winds that felled down some trees, a dust storm that sent the leaves scurrying down the road, and all the neighbourhood dogs running for cover under the cars. The rains came down in a torrent, sweeping up all the muck in my drain, and water logging it completely. I could not even put one foot inside my “home”, let alone live there. So I ran about aimlessly in the cricket field, or on the street, taking shelter where I could, and finding very little.

Finally desperation drove me into “Brindavan”. I huddled close to Tiger under a car, the sound of the thunder and the chill of the rain temporarily shut away by his comforting breath.

“You’re playing with fire, do you know that?” Tiger was not very pleased to see me. “They will beat you up again if they see you. You just keep very still and quiet now.”

From my safe vantage point under the Shivdasani car beside Tiger, I saw the Pinto girl and her family leave the building in their grey car. I remember she was wearing a powder blue dress. Fool that I was, I should have left the building then, but I chose to hang around with Tiger.

To my misfortune, Harichander did discover me, and along with the other servants, he gave me the hiding of my life. Blow after blow rained upon me, while Tiger watched sadly, unable to help me in any way. I ran outside in terror, shaking my head and tail, quivering with fright, howling in pain.

I slipped inside the cricket field, and hung around woefully, soaking wet, the rash on my skin burning with the sting of the biting rain, both of the water and of the blows I had received. Those were the saddest moments of my life. The physical pain was more than matched by the feeling of despair that coursed through me as I now seriously considered the possibility of complete homelessness.

“No one wants me,” I thought to myself. “I have nowhere to live. It would be kinder for the SPCA to take me away and put me down, easier had she never fed me, had I never known those few moments of friendship with Tiger. I wouldn’t have minded being run over by a car when the rats bit my ears, but this is even worse, much much worse. My body hurts too much.” But, my human friend, I think you know all about something called keeping the faith. At that time, when I was only two years old, I didn’t. That evening I gave up hope.

After she returned home that night, she came down with our meals in the bread paper as usual. I watched her, from my vantage point under the steel gate unseen by others. The rain had thinned down to a drizzle.

When I didn’t respond to her calls, she went up and down the street looking for me and calling my name repeatedly for a very long time. Wet mud and water from splashes made by passing cars stained her pretty blue dress in several places.

Later she told me that the dress was completely ruined, she could never get those stains out. In a way, that was good because it became a permanent reminder of the night that was to change my life forever.

Eventually, she went back into the building, shoulders drooping, probably thinking that I had been frightened away for good, or run over by a car. I wanted so many times to call out to her, “I’m here, I’m here, please help me”, but of course I dare not.

A few hours later, she came down again with my food in her hand and asked the watchman if he had seen me. This was a different, kind-hearted watchman who kept the night duty. He told her that I was probably in the field, since he had seen me slip in there many times, and had kept my secret, that sweet man. When she spied me hiding beyond the steel gate, her face broke into a smile of relief, and she called out to me softly.

“Here Moti, come here, sweetheart, and have your dinner. Aren’t you the little hungry boy then? Oh my dear, you scared me so!”

I wagged my tail slowly, but did not approach her. I still wasn’t fully sure of her intentions. Humans had treated me very badly, and she was a human after all. Humans had even turned against me, after feeding and befriending me. For all I knew then, she could do the same.

“You don’t trust me, do you, Moti?” she asked me, quietly, knowingly. “You think I am going to beat you too. So let’s see how we can work around that and still get some food inside your tum”.

She then went to the security people at the Gymkhana and asked them to open the steel gate, so that the could take me out. I don’t know how she managed to get them to agree, that too at midnight, but how does that matter?

I watched her walking slowly towards me, with mixed feelings. Hunger and pain struggled with fear and mistrust, and the latter won. So every time she got close, I darted away.

By now, Tiger had joined the party, and urged me to stay away from her too. But she didn’t give up, approaching me in a slow semi circular fashion that eventually got me backed up into a corner near the main Gymkhana building. Then she got close enough to make a quick sharp lunge at me, from which I couldn’t escape. And I was caught. I struggled to break loose, but she held on tight. I gave up the fight and started trembling with fear, confusion and cold. I needn’t have.

Because all she did next was warm me up with love. I must have been the filthiest thing she had ever held in her life, muddy, wet, with a red rash all over my body and bleeding ear tips. But she held me like a little puppy, cuddling and soothing me, wiping away the pain of the beating I had received with gentle strokes and kind words.

“My poor poor Moti”, she murmured, caressing my face and shoulders. “What did they do to make you shiver so much? There now, let’s get you inside the building and warm you up”.

She carried me back to “Brindavan”, and there was Harichander standing at the gate, drunk and ill-tempered.

He actually stopped her from getting inside! He must have been well over the top to risk blocking a legitimate resident from entering the building. He began to hurl abuses, defying her to bring me back into the building.

She pointedly ignored him, which infuriated him even more, and pushed past him, still carrying me in her arms like a puppy, though I was a fully grown dog by then. Miffed and insulted, he stormed off to fetch his stick.

By now, the Pinto mother, who had heard all the fuss he was making, came downstairs to investigate. She was a hot-headed bighearted woman, with the kind of guts rarely seen in women of her age. Most of the other middle aged and elderly women in the building were overweight housewives who came down for the odd gossip session. This lady was very different, a trim energetic outspoken person who could hold her own among all the men folk. A reassuring fact for us that night.

Though it was way past midnight, she had no qualms about waking up the entire building by rebuking Hari-chander. In her outrageously broken Hindi she called him a stonehearted servant who did not know his place in the society! “Dil hai, ya patthar hai?” she demanded angrily.

He was too drunk to keep his mouth shut, and answered her back, and a shouting match ensued. One of the Shivdasanis leaned out of his balcony on the second floor, and foolishly asked the Pinto mother what all the fuss was about. That was all the cue she needed to launch into a ten minute tirade about the cruel hearted residents of “Brindavan”, who indirectly supported their staff in such acts of cruelty by not reprimanding them, perhaps tacitly even encouraging them to do what they themselves could not.

I can never forget this little tableau, me sitting pretty in the Pinto girl’s arms, Tiger looking on very interested, the watchman and all the other servants standing around the Pinto mother in a circle as she looked up at the second floor balcony and let forth her speech which was actually directed, not at the servants but at all the building residents, and they all knew it.

She rounded it off with her ultimatum. “This dog will live right here in this building, downstairs among the servants, just the way Tiger is. He will be fed, and medically treated by us. I defy any of you to lay a finger on him hereafter. We will not be spoken to by drunken servants in this way, and you will first keep your own servants in check before taking off on harmless dogs. If any of you have a problem with Moti living downstairs, well then I too object to your servants living downstairs. You take them into your own homes first, before sending this dog back out on to the street. Is… that…. clear?” There was a stunned silence all around, even more pronounced in the stillness of the night.

After a few seconds, the Shivdasani man apologised profusely for Harichander’s behaviour, and then ordered Harichander to go to bed and never touch me again, or speak to anyone in the building in that manner.

The Pinto girl fed me at last, very relieved to be doing so. After all she had been waiting for several hours to do it, but I ate only to please her. Fear has a way of killing hunger.

Then Tiger licked my face, led me to the grey car, and said to me,’“Go under this, Moti. This will be your home from now on”.

This was my first real lesson in the power of universal compassion. Put a drunken man with a stick before a helpless wounded animal, and you expect the former to win-right? Wrong. That night I learned that there are good and kind forces in this world that do prevail, and all we have to do is to believe in them for them to come to our rescue.

Children and dogs : friends for life

Keeping a pet dog can enrich children’s life and help them build a sense of self-esteem and responsibility and develop diversified interests.

Friends for life
Children love to live and play with dogs by nature. They tend to treat pets as their closest friends, or even as their brothers and sisters. They like to play with pets, share their secrets with them and find comfort and consolidation in them. Besides, pet dogs make children feel secure in their life.

Many children with a pet have this similar experience: when they have received unjust treatment from others, they would rather retreat to their pets to pull out their sufferings and obtain comfort from the latter. Pets have become a most valuable source of confidence and friendship for children. That is why we often hear children to say: “My dog is my best friend”. Psychologists attribute the close relationship between children and pets to the “non-discriminating faith” on the part of pets. Pets will offer their unconditional love and care for their little owners, no matter how they have performed at the school or whether they have done something wrong. When children meet with any troubles or defeats, their pets will help them recover from psychological injuries and regain confidence.

Pets provide many learning opportunities for children
Children learn many things about natural sciences, life sciences in particular, when they live together with a pet. They learn important things about mother nature and life itself through interacting with pets. For example, they get exposed to the cycle of birth, growth and reproduction and they learn various little behavioural lessons by watching their pets responses and reactions. Pets serve as an encyclopaedia to younger children. Through playing with, feeding, training and caring for pets, children become aware of all the happy as well as tough moments that one experiences during growth, and  thus learns to respect all life forms.

Pet ownership helps children get more socially integrated
When you observe children playing with their pets you see how excited and enthusiastic they look. This is more than enough to realise the importance of pets in children’s social life; by giving more confidence to those who are withdrawn and also because children with pets have more chances to make new friends . Pets can also create more opportunities for family members to communicate with each other. By helping little ones taking care of pets, adult members in a family may share with their kids the happiness brought up by pet ownership. Pets, therefore, can serve as the “goodwill ambassador” in a household.

A recent study on pet ownership by children by researchers in Cambridge University finds out that the more pets a child keeps, the greater communication capacity the child will have. Their findings also point out that pet ownership is conducive to creating a more harmonious family environment between parents and their children.

A happy childhood is important for a child to grow into a responsible citizen. Keeping a pet helps children develop a rounded personality by bringing them a happier and more fun filled life and teaches them about love and care for their family, society and nature.

A Dog’s Life, permanent shelter in the drain, Lynn de Souza

Till now…?Moti, a stray dog was picked by Golu from his littermates and lands up in building ’Brindavan’. Here, he meets Tiger (another dog), Harichander (the watchman) and kind-hearted Pinto girl. During one of his puppy adventures, his hind leg gets injured. Moti is abandoned as nobody wants him in Brindavan. He becomes a stray dog.… One morning, I discovered the storm water drain which was to be my home for the next year of my life. It was a wide round pipe that ran all the way on one side of the street, about a foot below ground level. There were “entrances” to the pipe at the opposite ends of each building gate on that road. These openings were for the extra rain water to escape into during flooding, but worked as magical doorways for all kinds of life forms wanting to find a hideaway from the world above whenever it got too cruel.

Tiger was born in the drain, and lived there till he and his family almost got washed away on one particularly stormy occasion. The Pinto mother had come to the rescue, sending Harichander to fish out the drowning puppies. They were given shelter in the building for a while, till all of his littermates found homes, and Tiger and his mother were adopted by Harichander.

“My mom was a pretty cool mom, very playful and gentle, and also very pretty”, Tiger told me.”“She was white with brown spots. All the dogs in this neighbourhood loved her, and Harichander used to cook special chicken legs for her because she loved those. Sometimes she would even share them with me”.

When Tiger was five months old, the dreaded municipal dog van came around and caught her and Tiger while rounding up all the dogs in the street, because they weren’t wearing collars or license tags.

The Pinto mother came to Tiger’s rescue again. When she heard the din of screaming dogs and shouting men, she called out to the watchman to go get Tiger and his mother off the van. In the commotion, he managed to pull Tiger out, but the van sped away with Tiger’s mother in it.

“I howled after her, Moti, and couldn’t eat for days, waiting for her to come back”, Tiger recalled, unhappily.”“I missed her so much, I think that’s why Golu brought you here. When you came into my life, it made me feel much better”.

Though he didn’t dwell on this fact, I know that he felt even worse knowing what a horrible death she must have had later in the gas chamber. But at least Tiger got his third chance with life.

“Come, Moti, “Let me show you where I was born and where we lived when I was a pup”. I followed him inside.

The drain was a tight squeeze for him, but I found moving up and down among all the muck and garbage easy and exciting. There were old bottles and paper bags, rotten fruit peels, all kinds of worms and insects, oh it was delightful! Did you know that dogs simply love to play around in what humans consider filth? Your kind can never understand this side to our nature, but then we don’t understand why you use all those awful smelling scents and sprays either! You smell so good when you sweat.

I also realized that the drain was a pretty good place to hide out in, if the humans got into a “shoo Moti” mood again. Which of course they did, as soon as the next downpour came, only a few weeks later.

I now took permanent shelter in the drain.

One day, I heard the Pinto girl ask the watchman where I was, since she hadn’t seen me for many weeks. He said he didn’t know, but I think he was lying. She then started walking up and down the street, calling my name repeatedly. I heard her, but was afraid to answer in case my hidey-hole got discovered. After a while, I felt sorry for her and stealthily came out of the drain. When she spied me slinking about around her legs, she let out a cry of joy, and not caring how dirty I was, she gathered me in to her arms and hugged me tight. That felt good! It was several months since I had been cuddled that way, and I had given up hopes of ever being pampered again.

“Let me get you something to eat”, she said. She went away and came back with some bread mixed with dal and meat, laid out on a waxed bread wrapper.

This was to be my daily meal from that day on, mine and Tiger’s. The bread and dal and meat on the bread wrappers in lieu of bowls. I once asked her why she didn’t give us bowls.

“Because I can simply throw these bread papers away into the dustbin, your Highness”, she replied, “Don’t tell me you expect me to start washing up after you now”.

She had still not found out where I lived, apparently content with just knowing that at least I would definitely show up for the food whenever she called out to me. She knew I was growing up, and learning to be independent like the other street dogs. I think she had reconciled herself to the fact that I may never become a “society” dog like Tiger, and was probably just relieved to be aware of my existence in the neighbourhood, and to know that I was well.

But I wasn’t well, not really.

Living amid the grime and humidity in the drain had caused my skin to redden and itch. I picked up fleas. And they gave me something you call flea allergy dermatitis – a nasty kind of infection which made me scratch constantly and pull chunks of fur off my skin. It was painful and uncomfortable, and my body felt very sore all the time, there was just no respite from the itching. After some weeks, there were raw bleeding patches all over me, and I looked a horrible scary sight. I could not move about without shaking my head-somehow that movement seemed to lessen the itchy feeling, though I haven’t a clue about the connection between head shaking and itching, we dogs just do it sometimes, and it does work.

The effect of all this was that I presented a grotesque picture of a scratchy shaky wobbly red thing, and quite naturally I smelled rather off too! You would have avoided me.

One morning, I woke up to find the tips of my ears red and chewed off! I was shocked, because I just couldn’t imagine how this could have happened without my even knowing. Miserable, and in pain, I asked Tiger what could have happened.

“Rats”, he explained. “They must have eaten off your ears in the drain. When they chew on anything alive, there is something in their spit that numbs any kind of feeling, so you don’t even realize they are gnawing away at bits of you”.

I was really really scared now. Where would I go? If the rats were going to start eating up bits of me, what would I end up becoming?

I started running around in circles, afraid to go back into the drain, afraid to stay out on the road. Life was a nasty piece of business. I had heard of dogs being run over by cars, and I began to wish that would happen to me. I was tired of being hounded all the time.

I didn’t go hungry, I know, but there were many moments when I would have traded in a full stomach for a decent place to lie down in.

I stayed out in the field that night but eventually by the next morning, I did go back into the drain. What else could I do?

At first, I was too scared to sleep, or even shut my eyes. Tiger had warned me that rats were nocturnal creatures so they didn’t mind the darkness within the drain, in fact they loved it. I kept a constant look out for them, but did you know that rats are very intelligent, even more than dogs, if you compare the size of their brains to ours? They seemed to know that I was awake, and stayed well away from me. For some reason, they didn’t chew on me again, maybe my flesh was not so tasty!

The tips of my ears took long to heal, and would ooze a little blood every now and then for several months. Eventually, my ear flaps healed, and they took on an uneven shape that turned my once cute terrier face into something rather ugly. As if the deck in the looks area hadn’t already been stacked against me high enough!

To be continued in the next issue.

Written by Ms. Lynn de Souza, Director, Media Services, Lowe Lintas and founder and chairperson of Goa SPCA, ‘A dog’s life’ is narrated by Moti from his home in heaven.

A dog’s life

‘A dog’s life,’ written by Ms Lynn de Souza, is about a friendship between three pariah dogs, Moti, Tiger and Rani and their human benefactor, the Pinto girl. It is narrated by Moti from his home in heaven, describing the moments of happiness and sadness, mixed with gut-wrenching episodes that will act as eye-openers to animal lovers everywhere. Ms Lynn de Souza is Director, Media Services, Lowe Lintas and is also the Founder and Chairperson of Goa SPCA (Society for Prevention of Cruelty of Animals). Ms De Souza is very fond of dogs and she had over nineteen dogs in her family over the years, and at one time she had nine dogs together. Presented below is the first chapter of the book, which describes how Moti met his friends Tiger and the Pinto girl.

Iam, or was, a mixed breed dog, often called a mongrel or pariah or just stray dog. In some countries, they refer to our kind as feral. In Mumbai, where I lived, we are also called gauti kutra which loosely translates to “village” or “local” dog. Whatever the term, it implies that we have no pedigree or lineage, and by implication no home and no owners and are therefore not a good idea to have around. Actually I did have an owner, and a proper home, though I roamed the streets whenever I could, and sometimes foraged in garbage bins. No, it wasn’t due to hunger. It’s just that the food and smells there are so much more interesting. I am no longer alive, in the way that being alive usually means, and I am now writing this to you from a faraway place that is actually a lot closer than you think, because you are a human and you need to know the truth. You don’t have to be scared of me or my kind. I am actually a pretty cool guy, and we could be great pals. I can say this now, because once I was very scared of you and your kind. Till I learned to trust and love someone like you. Read my story. Then may be you will learn to trust and love someone like me too! Golu gave me my name. He was a ten year old boy, who picked me up and took me away from my littermates when I was about eight weeks old. As a pup, I looked very cute with my mixed breed terrier type face, and Golu thought that I would make a good companion to Tiger, the two year old resident “society” dog, who lived in his building, “Brindavan”. Tiger was a pariah dog too, very smart and brave, and rather handsome with his pert black muzzle and natty black ticked brown coat. He always walked with a little swagger, his chest out, tail high, and ears cocked, as if he knew he looked good. Before I met Tiger, I had no idea what a real grown up dog was like. The only interaction I had with an adult dog was with my mother, and I think you have a pretty good idea what I liked best about her. So quite naturally when Golu put me down next to Tiger, I went straight for his stomach looking for something to suckle at. What I encountered there was not what I expected. It smelled quite different too. Not the warm sweet scent of milk, but rather the sour pungent odour of pee! Tiger’s reaction was far from the mild indulgent semi-satisfied tummy rumble that I got from my mom. “Excuse me, please,” he growled, and showed me his mouth full of teeth, some small, some wide and a few very long and pointed. “If you want to live around here, we need to get a few things sorted out. I don’t feed you, and I don’t lick you clean. I am the alpha dog, and the first thing you do when you see me is roll over and show me your stomach, got that?” I lowered my head respectfully. He was tough, but he also had a humourous glint in his eye, and once his lips had closed over his teeth, he looked like he was actually smiling. I rolled over in submission and presented him with my stomach to sniff at. He didn’t stop there though, but snuffled me all over, his wet nose and warm breath tickling me so much that I wanted to giggle but dare not. Once finished he appeared satisfied like I had passed some test. He ran off playfully calling out to me to run after him. I scampered after him joyfully. My first lesson in dog etiquette had been learnt. Tiger belonged to Harichander, the handyman of the Shivdasanis who lived as a joint family on the second floor of “Brindavan”. Harichander didn’t stay with them but camped out in two of the car bays at the rear end of the building. He was a wizened old man, with sunken cheeks and several teeth missing from his mouth. He coughed all the time, perhaps because he chewed some brown stuff the whole day, and drank some brown stuff the whole night. He wasn’t really Tiger’s pal. He just kept him as a watchdog to guard him and the other Brindavan servants who stayed in the car bays, since they slept in an area that had no walls enclosing it, and therefore was not very safe. Naming me was about the only thing Golu ever did for me. He loved animals in his own way, but was never allowed to keep a pet, so I guess he thought that he could keep me downstairs as a “society” dog, and pretend I was his pet. Perhaps he was too young then to know what it meant to take responsibility for another life. Besides, I can’t honestly say that I would have had a better existence out on the streets among my littermates. My first month at Brindavan was thoroughly enjoyable. You probably know that play and sleep are a healthy puppy’s only occupation, and I was no different. Tiger and I would roll about in the mud, chase each other around the building, bark and yap, then fall asleep in exhaustion, quite satisfied. Golu would carry me around in his little ten year old arms, tickling my tummy all the time – oh, how I enjoyed that! I loved to nose around all the flower pots, sniffing out the strange smells of bird droppings, cat sprays, left over food, fruit peels, even rat poison. Tiger was always around to warn me about what was safe and what wasn’t, because I usually popped anything that smelled good straight into my mouth. Harichander fed me every day, and off and on the Pintos from the first floor would send me some milk. They had six small dogs of their own, and I would watch the father, the daughter and sometimes the son of the house take them for their daily walks, often two or three at a time. They were very good looking furry but rather yappy fellows, and I longed to be friends with them. But I got into the habit of standing aside and cocking my ears every time they passed, because once when I playfully scampered about their feet, one of them turned around and gave me a sharp snap. Moody snoots! One evening, one of the building cars bumped hard into me while reversing, knocking me down. I yelped and howled in pain, but no one came to check on me immediately, not Golu not Harichander because they weren’t around, and the watchman on duty at that time didn’t particularly care. The Pinto girl may not have been at home, or she would certainly have come, since she was always running around looking after the neighbourhood dogs and cats that were injured, and calling the SPCA van to attend to them. She wasn’t actually a girl, more of a young lady in her early twenties, tall, thin and quiet, and rather aloof from everyone else in the building. Since I was still quite young, the pain went away pretty quickly, and I was able to limp around without much difficulty. My left hip had been injured and twisted out of shape, so I must no longer have looked “cute”, because almost everyone lost interest in me. Golu stopped playing with me, and Harichander stopped feeding me. I grew thin, and gangly. My left hind leg dangled uselessly behind me, and the ribs on my chest stood out. They say that many pups are given to little people as presents, but are often given away or put to sleep if they grow up looking ugly or get sick or deformed. Would I now be sent away too since I was a little of all three – ugly, underfed, and deformed? To be continued in the next issue…