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Mix Breed Labrador for Adoption

20140401_084635-1Breed- Labrador-Mix

Age-18-month-old

Description- This Beautiful Labrador is being abandoned by his family after 17 months of care  for the most unbelievable of reasons  – he barks at their new tenants! Counseling them hasn’t helped if we don’t find him a home soon he’ll end up either on the street or in a shelter. His vaccinations are up to date.

Contact at- Shampa Dasgupta, Happy tails adoption

09899767067

nutrition

Pawfect nutrient mix for your pooch

Everyone desires of a well built, healthy and good looking dog. The primary requirement to achieve this is good nutrition. Often the nutritional demands of dogs are explained in a very complicated way, making things difficult to understand. Through this article an attempt is being made to simplify the subject of dog nutrition so that pet parents can make a right regimen of food to keep their dogs healthy and happy.

Let us understand what are the nutritional requirements to keep a dog healthy.

Important nutrients in dog’s diet

Nutrient Function
Protein Protein has many functions in the body, but is best known for supplying amino acids to build hair, skin, nails, muscles, tendons, ligaments and cartilage
Carbohydrates Carbohydrate is the source of energy required for various functions of the body
Fats Fats also provide energy. Fats are important for maintaining skin and coat condition, supports healthy brain cells, helps absorption of fat soluble vitamins
Minerals Calcium and Phosphorus are required for bone development. Minerals are required for various metabolic and physiological functions
Vitamins Vitamins are required for metabolic functions, skin and coat health, enzymatic functions and oxidative processes.
Water Water forms liquid medium required for all the body functions. Water functions as a solvent that facilitates cellular reactions and as a transport medium for nutrients. Water maintains body temperature.

 

Nutrient sources

Protein: Various non-vegetarian and vegetarian sources are available and can be chosen as per convenience.

nutrition

Angel and Chubby

Boiled meat, boiled egg, milk, curd, cottage cheese, cereals and grains can make a good choice.

Carbohydrates: Rice, wheat, oat, barley and sorghum in any form can make a good choice. A provision should be made to add fiber in diet that is important for intestinal health. Wheat flour, vegetables, beetroot are also good fiber sources.

Fats: Chicken fat, Fish, egg yolk and vegetable fats (flax seed, borage seed, evening primerose) are sources of good fats. A spoon of refined oil (sunflower, mustard) or ghee can also help.

Minerals: All the sources of protein and carbohydrates described above will also provide varied minerals. Fruits and vegetables are also good source of minerals. Milk and meat are good sources of Calcium & Phosphorous that is required by growing dogs in high amounts.

Vitamins: Vitamins can be derived from vegetables and non-vegetarian sources described above along with fruits.

Water: Fresh clean water available all the time can fulfil the water requirement

Additional supplementation of minerals, vitamins and fats, however, are recommended as per the life stage and life style. Do contact your veterinarians for the same.

Maintaining the right balance

The question often posed is how to provide a balance of all the above nutrients. However, certain general rules are to be followed for growth and maintenance phase.

Growth phase: The maximum requirement is of protein followed by the other nutrients. Carbohydrates and fats will fulfil the energy requirement. Minerals and vitamins will be required in a greater quantity during this phase. The entire requirement will be met if the listed ingredients are included in diet in a right proportion.

Maintenance phase: All the above ingredients are required in a smaller quantity since the demand of the growth is reduced.

Pet parents should focus on providing a good mix of all the nutrients.

Gap in the nutrients fed and utilized by the body

This is a common problem encountered in pet animals. Inspite of providing a good nutrition, the dog does not take shape, or suffer from various disorders like poor skin and coat condition, bony weakness, digestive disturbances etc. The nutrients fed to the dog are digested in the digestive tract by the help of several enzymes (Protease, Lipase, Amylase, etc). Due to some intrinsic factors the enzymes may not be secreted in the right concentration. This leads to improper digestion of nutrients. Not only this, at times the dog suffers from malabsorption syndrome. Even after proper digestion, the nutrients are not absorbed by the intestine because its absorptive surface is not in a healthy state. Improper digestion and absorption will lead to less bioavailability of various nutrients and the dog will lose health inspite of best nutrition. It is hence needed to assess if the dietary nutrients are being properly digested and absorbed in the body. In case of any gap in digestion and absorption, advice of a vet is a must who may recommend a change in diet, addition of extrinsic enzymes etc.

Practical tips to formulate a dog’s diet

  • Puppy diet should contain highly digestible food like cerelac, curd, porridge. Especially formulated puppy diets should be preferred during this critical stage.
  • Milk should not be given in case of lactose intolerance (such dogs suffers from diarrhoea after milk intake).
  • Not all listed ingredients are to be given in same meal but need to be divided in different meals as per the requirement of the dog.
  • The quantity of the diet will vary according to the age, body weight and activity level.
  • The food should be offered at fixed time and in a fixed place.
  • The frequency of food should be maintained as follows: Small pups – at a gap of 4-5 hours, Growing pups – 3-4 times and Adult – 1-2 times.
  • Dogshould finish the food in one go and it should not be left for long if the dog does not take it. Fresh food should be offered next time.
  • Fresh water should be made available all the times.
  • Vitamin and mineral supplements should be given as per the vet’s advice.

(Dr S K Pandey of Vamso Pet Health, India is a post graduate in Veterinary Medicine with an experience of over 20 years in pet health, nutrition and behaviour.)

training

Barking and driving : don’t mix together

We all love our poodly-poodle pooches…but sometimes even our well-mannered canine annoy us. And the most common annoying habit is incessant bark, while you are driving…at cars, other people, shadows…just at anything…it’s all bark…bark…bark! Though barking is natural, aggressive barking needs to be controlled. Woof! Here’s how you can tame the bark while taking your pooch on a car ride.

Barking is the natural way of communication for our pooches. But, when they get hysteric, it creates a lot of Trainingfuss…not only for the owners, but also for neighbours and passers-by. Most dogs bark to grab attention – mostly of their parents, but also of the people around… reasons are many, but problem is one. The problem aggravates if your pooch starts barking incessantly in the car, which can even cause accidents. Sometimes even a well-behaved dog goes wild on a car ride. Such an unruly behaviour calls for immediate attention. This is why it is imperative that a dog be trained at the onset of how he should conduct himself in a car. A dog views a car like a hunt from where he can view all activities outside in a flash – a lot of excitement.

Two of the most common reasons for dog’s barking include:

Keep away…will you?

Some dogs can be territorial about the car. They bark at passing people or vehicles in an attempt to guard it. Every time he feels that his car is being threatened, he flashes his ferocious teeth and tries to scare ‘]people away. Yes… that’s the wolf, protecting what he thinks is his mobile patch. “Keep Away,” he’s saying.

Fear aggression based dogs seem to be particularly active in car aggression – of course. As pedestrians approach the car – the dog barks – the pedestrian then walk away again. The fear/guarding dog has won and seen off the intruder. What an exciting winning formula for a wolf in canine clothing.

Don’t ever leave me alone!

There are some dogs who suffer from separation anxiety when left in the car. Don’t ever leave a dog unattended in car. More so in India, where the temperature is generally high during most of the months, which may cause severe health problems.

Remember! It is natural for dogs to bark, but as owners we often unwittingly reinforce the ehaviour by reacting to it or giving attention and that is why dogs learn to bark excessively in the first place.


Handling tips

1. Direct action : This sometimes works with more sensitive dogs or with those dogs, who are caught in the developing stages of the habit. Prior to the action, which stimulates your dog to bark, equip yourself with a water pistol or a Bitter Apple spray. When your dog starts to bark, squirt the water in his face and command ‘No’ in a firm voice. Alternatively spray the bitter apple in the air. It’s difficult for a dog to bark whilst tasting such foul bitter particles. By the way, you won’t like the taste either! Do not stroke your dog it he stops barking; just say ‘good dog’ softly when he’s silent so as not to re-excite him.

2. Using an assistant inside the car : For safety reasons and where possible, it’s best to have a friend sit next to you on car journeys for the first two weeks and occasionally thereafter. They too can use a water pistol or Bitter Apple spray as outlined earlier. If you are consistent, most dogs will find the experience distracting and unpleasant. As soon as you have 30 seconds of silence, quietly praise your dog verbally in a low-key voice. Your dog should learn that silence brings pleasant praise as a reward and that barking means trouble. Placing a Kong stuffed with meat in the car also acts as pleasant distraction for the less serious cases.

Active methods against noise stimulated barking :

  • Stuff a Kong with meat
  • Water pistol / squeegee bottle – squirted at dog
  • Bitter Apple sprayed in the air near dog’s head


3. Halti and Dog Alter : a head collar called the Dog Alter or Halti are also available internationally to train dogs not to bark profusely. These have a calming and controlling effect on most dogs and fit most breeds. Initially, dogs dislike wearing them (as with all muzzles and collars). Make sure that you fit the Dog Alter daily for a few minutes; make your dog sit, using a lead attached to the Dog Alter, then immediately praise and reward the dog with food. Repeat this four times daily for a week. In the second week, begin to walk the dog around your garden or living room on a lead and Dog Alter. During the third week, start walking your dog short distances to and from the car and again use food rewards.

Finally, place the dog in the car fitted with the Dog Alter and lead. The lead should be about 4 feet long and made of nylon or leather. Connect it to a fixture in the car or jam it in a door leaving the dog enough room to sit and lie down only. This way, your dog will not be able to bark or jump about wildly and will become calmer. This method has proved successful with many dogs. All these tips can be effectively used to control your pooch when he barks incessantly.

Dogs bark and people talk – often to excess, while you cannot stop the person babbling next to you but at least you now know how to stop your pooch when the barking goes loud and frantic. So, go ahead and have fun with your new long-drive companion…just drive away!

(Colin Tennant is Britain’s leading media expert in dog, cat and general pet behavior, and the first to make 21 videos and television series on pet care. He runs Icknield Animal Behaviour Centre and also provides Dog Detectives (canine behaviour) Service in Central London. He is also a behavioural advisor of the Behaviour Division of the British Institute of Professional Dog Training.)