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Race unpacks exciting pet care product

Bengaluru-based pet care products company RACE launches exciting range of products which include DTICK Spot-on for all sizes of dogs. DTICK Events-1Spot-on is a combination of Fipronil and S-Methoprene and this unique combination protects dogs from ticks and fleas by killing all life stages – egg, larvae, pupa and adults unlike any other traditional ticks and fleas control product which kills only adults. RACE also introduces first-of-its-kind antiseptic and disinfectant wipe called HEXACLEAN which contains Chlorhexidine Gluconate 2 percent and CHLODERMA shampoo which contains Chlorhexidine Gluconate 4 percent effective against bacterial skin infections. For further details, contact at: race@racecare.in

Dr Batra’s pet care hospital inaugurated in New Delhi

Dr Batra’s opened homeopathy cum veterinary hospital at Yusuf Sarai in New Delhi. Spread across three floors, the hospital was inaugurated by Maneka Gandhi along with Dr Mukesh Batra, founder and chairman of Dr Batra’s Healthcare Group. This new Pet care hospital offers a range of services from blood tests and x-rays to vaccination, grooming, surgical procedures, allopathic and homeopathic treatment and a pet shop. On the occasion, Maneka Gandhi said, “I am delighted to launch Dr Batra’s state-of-the-art pet care hospital, which is India’s first-ever homeopathy-cum-veterinary hospital. For the last eight years, Dr Batra’s has been supporting us by providing free treatment at our Animal Centre in Delhi.” Dr Mukesh Batra mentioned that in the UK, 50 percent of vets use homeopathy in their practice, where as in India the use of homeopathy for animals is relatively unknown. With the launch of this new hospital together with other facilities Dr Batra’s would be able to treat pets with homeopathy, a safe and effective treatment for pets. For further details, visit: www.drbatras.com   

Find out about Pet Poisonous Plants

Certain house plants are harmful to pets when ingested or swallowed.

Keep these plants out of reach of your dog. If your dog ingests any of these, consult your vet immediately.
A few examples of house plants most commonly found in any household.

  • Aloe Vera is used to heal cuts, burns and skin problems but the aloe Health

emodin chemical in the leaves is dangerous to your dog.

  • Amaryllis with its huge beautiful flowers is seen in many homes during the months of Sept to Jan. These flowers contain toxins that cause vomiting, nausea and diarrhoea if ingested by dogs.
  • Philodendron or Money Plant is used to purify the air indoors but the leaves contain calcium oxalates which cause burning and itching in the throat and vomiting.
  • Morning Glory or Ipomoea with its blue and purple flowers is grown indoors and outdoors but causes drowsiness, headaches, numbness, muscle tightening, nausea and vomiting.
  • Angel Wings with its huge green and white leaves make a beautiful picture as an indoor plant. It is also known as
    Elephant Leaves or Heart of Jesus. The leaf, if swallowed, causes irritation in the mouth and throat.
  • Snake Plant with its stiff long green and yellow leaves causes vomiting and diarrhoea if swallowed.
  • Chrysanthemum contains arteglasin which causes dermatitis. It causes redness, itching, swelling and blisters.
  • English Ivy, a creeper contains didehydrofalcarinol, falcarinol and hederasaponins which results in paralysis, coma, vomiting, convulsions and difficulty in breathing.
  • The Crown of Thorns causes stomach pain, irritation of the mouth and throat and vomiting.

Signs to lookout for if your dog has eaten a poisonous plant.

  • Is your dog vomiting and is there any blood?
  • Check for dehydration – like loose skin, etc.
  • Does your dog have bloody stools or maybe a few drops of blood in the faeces?
  • Is your dog feeling hot and drinking water obsessively?

Safety measures

  • Keep your pet away from such plants.
  • If your dog has digested any poison leaves, call up the vet.
  • Call the vet if you know what the pet has ingested and take him along for immediate analysis.

Social and health benefits of pet interaction

Scientific evidence is increasingly showing that pets are good for people. UK and international research demonstrates that interaction with pet can reduce visits to doctor, enhance social interactions, enrich quality of life for elderly people, perform vital role in child development and so on. Let’s see how does it happen.

Pets also improve chances of survival after life-threatening illness, reduce blood pressure and perceived levels of stress, provide companionship and enhance social interactions, modify human behaviour promoting responses from those who are withdrawn, aggressive or mentally ill, prevent re-offending in juvenile prisoners and positively affect school attendance rates.
Kids with pets take fewer sick days
A study examining 256 children (aged five to eleven years) in three schools in England and Scotland revealed that children from families with pets have significantly better school attendance due to lower levels of absenteeism through illness than those from families without pets. Absenteeism through illness was significantly less among children with pets. Children with pets attended school for an additional three weeks of school compared to children without pets (aged five to seven years).
Keeps the doctor away
A large-scale survey of more than 11,000 Australians, Chinese and Germans proved that pet parents enjoy better health than non-pet parents. Over a five year period, pet parents made 15 – 20 percent fewer annual visits to the doctor than non pet-parents.Pets can help reduce the risk of asthma and allergic rhinitis A number of studies have shown that exposure to cats and/ or dogs in the first year of life can reduce subsequent risks of allergic sensitisation to multiple allergens during childhood, including non-pet allergens. Research also shows that exposure to pets is associated with a significantly reduced risk of asthma and allergic rhinitis. Pets benefit cancer patients Pets can play a role for people who are undergoing stress. In a study which looked at women between 50-60 years of age recovering from breast cancer, 87 percent of these subjects reported that their pets filled at least one important role in their social support and 43 percent said that their pets fulfill over 10 important support functions – being cared for, tactile comfort, being able to express their feelings and still feeling included socially – e.g. when taking the dog for a walk.
Preventing/recovering from illness
Research from the University of New York found that men who had pets had lower resting heart rates and blood pressure – indicating that pet parenting can bring improvements to all aspects of the pet parent’s life.
Helping widowers cope with stress
In this study, pet parents at three months after bereavement showed fewer physical symptoms, such as crying, than non-pet owners. Pet parents often confided in their pets to help release painful feelings, at times when sharing these feelings with other people were felt to be socially uncomfortable.
Child development
Pets perform a vital role in child development. A study has explored children’s perceptions of the social support gained from relationships with their pets and with people – looking at who they would turn to first in certain situations. Pets featured prominently in children’s selections, providing comfort, companionship and a confidante in a similar manner to humans.
A huge 90 percent of children regard their dog as an unconditional friend and listener. Pet dogs have a stabilising and therapeutic effect – both from a child’s perspective and a mother’s point of view.
It is well-known fact that children are fascinated by animals. This interest can help facilitate learning and have a positive effect on child development. Many school communities have introduced pets in a number of imaginative and practical ways. Pet clubs, pet assemblies or pet days can help nurture a sense of reverence for life, give children a sense of responsibility and provide a fun route into many curriculum areas.
Positive influence of dogs on children in divorce crises
In the first year after a parental divorce, children with a dog were more socially integrated and less aggressive. The reasons are clear – dogs represent a constant positive emotional feeling.
Animal assisted rehabilitation
Results captured from three diverse Californian juvenile institutions have proven ‘at-risk’ teens gain more psycho-social skills (anger management, emotional self-control, parenting skills, etc) through guided human-animal interaction than from years in a classroom.
Pets prevent prisoners reoffending
The therapeutic power of dog interaction was highlighted by the results of Project Pooch (Positive Opportunities, Obvious Change, With Hounds), showing that 100 percent of teenage offenders following a dog therapy programme did not return to the correctional system. Such results provide promising outcomes for the ability of dogs to teach troubled youth responsibility, patience, compassion and a positive work ethic.

Caution of common errors made by pet parents

Sometimes, pet parents with the best of intentions still make serious mistakes when it comes to the health of their dog. Here are a few common mistakes pet parents make.

Dr. Geeta Sharma

Dr. Geeta Sharma

Not getting preventive care: Taking your dog to the vet for regular examinations and getting her the appropriate vaccinations and deworming can prevent many diseases. Instead of coping with lengthy treatment of an advanced or chronic condition, your vet can catch such issues in their beginning stages. Early care saves you heartburn and money in the long run. Simply getting your dog vaccinated isn’t the same as a full physical examination. Your pet should be examined at regular intervals to keep a check on any change in the normal appearance.
Neglecting dental care: Dogs need dental care for the same reason we do i.e. to prevent teeth and gum diseases. Like human teeth, plaque forms on a dog’s teeth after eating. If left unattended, the plaque builds, causing inflammation, decay, and eventually bone and tooth loss. And while this silent war goes on in your dog’s mouth, he’s probably experiencing pain you don’t notice because dog instinctively hides pain. Gum disease is five times more common in dogs than it is in humans. But it’s easy to prevent by following a dental care regimen that includes daily brushings, good quality dog food, safe teeth-cleaning treats and chew toys.
Overfeeding: Rewarding and loving dogs with food may lead to obesity. Overweight or obese dogs are at higher risk for arthritis and other orthopaedic issues as well as other health problems. Select a good quality dog food and take tips on exercise and treats from your veterinarian.
Sharing medication: Another dangerous health mistake pet parents make is giving dogs human medications. Some of the medications can be very toxic to dogs. Pain killers such as ibuprofen can be the most common cause of pet poisoning. Even small doses can be toxic. Antidepressants, muscle relaxants, decongestants, vitamin D derivatives, oral diabetes medicines, and other common human drugs can lead to complications ranging from seizures to coma to death. Always keep medication secure in a high, locked cabinet and never discard medication where pets or children can get to it. If you’re worried that your dog may have eaten an over-the-counter or prescription pill you dropped from the trash, immediately seek vet’s advice.
Delaying critical care: Dogs don’t have the words to let us know exactly what they’re feeling. Your dog could be in pain, sick, and even gravely ill – and chances are you wouldn’t know it because of dog’s instinct to hide infirmity. Don’t wait to see if a health problem in your dog gets better on its own. Call your vet if your dog isn’t eating or is eating less, is vomiting, seems lethargic, has diarrhoea or fever, or just doesn’t seem well.
Car ride without securing: A loose dog can be a distraction to a driver, and in an accident, the dog can injure himself or others in the car. There are plenty of canine restraint products in the market, choose one made of hard, high-impact plastic and secure it to the frame of the vehicle in the middle, if possible.
Dog off leash in open areas: If you’re walking your dog along the road or letting him be off leash with you, there are chances of accidents or hit by vehicles.  While it’s possible to teach a dog to come when called under nearly any circumstances, it’s unlikely that most pet parent will do so. That’s OK; that’s why there are leashes. If your dog won’t walk on leash without pulling, get a trainer’s help.
Young children and pets without proper supervision: Adult’s supervision is necessary to prevent any mishap. Make children understand that dogs should not be disturbed while eating and sleeping. Parents should ensure that younger children don’t tug on sensitive areas of a dog – such as ears, tail, etc. Always keep children and pets under adult’s supervision.
Not following directions: Your family vet gives you directions for a reason. Always give medications as prescribed (in amount, in frequency and in duration). Always take food away after 8 pm the night before anaesthesia or surgery. Allow your pet to drink water until the morning of anaesthesia or surgery. Come back for rechecks or x-rays or bandage changes as directed. Keep your pet confined after surgery. Keep the plastic cone on round the clock to prevent licking or chewing at the stitches.
Let’s avoid these mistakes and let’s not compromise with the health of our canine buddies.
(Dr Geeta Sharma, MVSc (surgery), MBA is based in New Delhi and she is author of two books – ‘Dog Care’ and ‘Cat Care’. She is acclaimed by Limca Book of Records and India Book of Records as youngest vet to do spay in shortest span of time).

New Year resolutions for a pet parent – the KPS way

As responsible pet parents, we need to be very careful about our pet’s well being. Here are the New Year resolutions every pet parent should take.

Thought for food: Measure all food you give to your pet. Every single treat counts. Give him well-balanced age and breed-specific diet for his healthy well being.

Groom regularly: Keep your grooming tools ready and groom him regularly to keep skin problems at bay.

Keep him occupied:  A bored dog has behavioural issues. Keep your dog mentally-stimulated and occupied. There are lot of toys to keep him busy and happy.

Seek a vet: If you have not taken your pet for a routine check-up for the last six months, do so now.

Adopt a homeless pooch: If you have room for another pet, go for a homeless pooch. Alternatively, you can also take care of a street dog in your vicinity. Get him vaccinated and give him proper meals and a clean place to sleep.

*(The above information is for education purpose only.)

Love thy pet, Love thy profession!

Converting your passion into your profession is a dream for all…but a reality for a lucky few. Pet love has driven many enthusiasts to venture into diverse fields – medicine, writing, grooming, training, gourmet, photography, pet walkers, pet resorts, et al. Here are three experts in their own fields – all working for the love of the pets. Excerpts.

Eshita Prasanna – Pet photographer by passion

Eshita

Eshita

Profession: Tailshots – captures your pet in a candid shoot.
Traits: From childhood, she has always been an avid pet lover and has wanted it to be an active part of her life. Her fascination with photography which began as a hobby just after she finished school went on to become her choice in post graduation.
Professional qualification:  Post graduate in photography from Light & Life Academy, Tamil Nadu.
Pet pooch: Though Eshita does not have pet of her own, she plans to have one soon.
Inspiration: Eshita loves animals and that’s the biggest reason she’s into pet photography. Eshita says: “I love their expression on camera, it’s so pure and so full of just love … every four legged is photogenic! It is so amazing to capture those candid moments of the furry
little ones.”
The offerings: Capturing candid moments and bringing out the true identities of pets to form timeless images that deserve to be
framed eternally!
Chandrashekhar Chawan – Optometrist & ocularist

Chandrashekar

Chandrashekar

Profession: Director, Shekhar Eye Research – offering prosthetic eyes.
Traits: While doing custom-made artificial eyes for humans, he got many opportunities to make artificial eyes for horse, dogs and cats while in the USA.
Professional qualification: Optometrist & ocularist practicing in Orlando, USA, before founding Shekhar Eye Research at
Mumbai in 2003.
Pet pooch: A Pug for his daughter Shreeya.
Inspiration: In the process of being a responsible pet parent, he got introduced to many veterinary doctors in India, who in turn, started referring cats and dogs to the center for prosthetic eyes.
The offerings: Custom-made artificial eyes in Medical Grade PMMA and Medical Grade Silicon and specialty contact lenses for humans, horses, dogs and cats.

Ishmeet Chandiok

Ishmeet

Ishmeet

Runs Harley’s Corner – offering cooked
pet food.
Traits: Chef Ishmeet always had a passion for food and cooking. Even as a child he would experiment by mixing different kinds of foods with the resultant concoction turning into sumptuous meal.
Professional qualifications: Being alumni of the Institute of Hotel Management, Mumbai and working with brands like Hyatt, JW Marriott and Kingfisher, he brings over 12 years of food-related experience along with him.
Pet pooch: Harley was only two months old when Ishmeet and his wife adopted the stray from a construction site near Andheri.
Inspiration: Months of research and talking to distributors and various pet parents made him start Harley’s Corner.
The offerings: Harley’s Corner, which started as a home experiment, has today transformed into a business which has a whole gourmet menu which is not only different, but also healthy and nutritious. His menu today ranges from a variety of special to mighty meals to birthday cakes and dietary meals to suit various needs.

Pet Pampering Destinations

Pet Pampering Destinations

Mischief

The science of pet odour

No one likes to smell a pet before you see a pet! Strong or offensive pet odour becomes a big nuisance for pet parents. But at the same time, it is a sign that all is not well with your pet. Here’s why your pooch smells and what can you do to prevent such unpleasant odours.

What’s a pet odour?

Mischief

Mischief

Pet odour may be defined as a distinctive or unpleasant smell which a pet animal emits naturally or unnaturally. Odours emitted by a pet animal maybe broadly classified into two types: natural and unnatural odours. Natural odour: A pet animal, especially a dog, has natural odour which can be unbearable to some people not used to living with them. However, most of the natural odours produced by dogs cannot be perceived by the human nose or sense of smell. These can be picked up only by the same species or other species. There are various glands responsible for this undetectable smell of dogs such as the apocrine glands which produce a pheromone or chemical signals for communication with other dogs. Dogs also have apocrine glands in their ear canals, which produce natural ear wax. Micro-organisms live naturally in this material, giving a characteristic slightly yeast odour even in healthy dogs. Like all other carnivores, a dog also possess two anal sacs or scent glands which produce a unique natural secretion that varies from thin and yellowish to pasty and greyish colour which has a very strong musty odour. A small amount of this material is deposited when dogs defecate. This odour is likely the signal being sampled when dogs investigate one another by sniffing out the anal area. Unnatural odour: Healthy pets typically don’t have offensive odour but it is the unhealthy, infirmed, or aged pets who usually do. This means that medical care can resolve many odours. Places where the skin is moist and dark like the mouth, ears, skin folds, and under the tail have the highest concentration of bacteria and yeast which are the most common causes for offensive pet odour. Yeast and bacteria cause pruritus and itching, resulting in excessive scratching causing inflammation, swelling and heat, making pet odours more offensive. Odours also worsen when pets are wet. Sources of malodour

  • Odour from ears: Ears can be malodourous when infected with bacteria and yeast. Generally, ear infection smells worse if the longer they persist. To resolve ear odour problems, cerumen, bacteria yeast and moisture from ears must be cleared. Otitis externa, an infection of the outer ear and ear canal is common in dogs, especially those whose ear flaps hang down to cover the ears.
  • Odour from skin: Unhealthy skin often has a thick layer of oil that holds dirt, clogs pores and supports odour causing bacteria and yeast. A normal skin cell forms new cells every three weeks. When the skin is abnormal, the process is either more rapid or slower than normal. Thus, in case of seborrhoea where the skin cells divide rapidly, there is flaking or thick crusting that traps oils and bacteria. On the other hand, when the skin cells divide too slowly, pets may have dull, easily damaged slow healing skin, as in hypothyroidism. Fungal infection is also common in hypothyroid dogs.

Many cancers affect skin and leave the foul odour of decaying flesh. Among cancers that can be malodourous are anal sacs tumour, osteosarcoma, mammary tumours, squamous cell carcinoma and lymphosarcoma. Clipping pet’s hair can help reduce odour to some extent. This helps alleviate the odour and make the infection easier to treat and also keeps the skin dry. Dry skin is more resistant to bacteria, yeast and fungal infections and also allows shampoos, conditioners and medications to go further.

  • Odour from mouth: Pet odour from the mouth is usually caused by bacteria that colonise the junction of tooth and gum. Weak pets may have fetid breath because they lack the strength to swallow food and clean their mouths, so the food lodges and rots. Brushing teeth for two minutes every day and visiting the veterinary dentist may help resolve pet odours from mouth. Other dental problems like gingivitis, periodontitis and an abscessed tooth may also cause halitosis. However, mouth odour may also be caused by stomach ulcer, kidney disease and diabetes. In these cases, the odour may only be checked when proper treatment for the underlying cause is done.
  • Odour caused by allergies: Allergic pets can be plagued with stinky problems, skin infections and hot spots due to fleas, frequent yeasty infections, inflammatory bowel disease, diarrhoea and flatulence. In case of flea allergy, it is essential to prevent fleas because flea saliva stimulates allergic skin reactions.

For allergy related to the gastro intestinal tract, it is essential to avoid any allergy causing foods.

  • Anal odours in pets: Pet odours from the anal region may be caused by different problems which require frequent washing and drying to remove faeces and bacteria. Odours from the anal area may also be caused by the anal sacs which require the help of a veterinarian to empty the sacs. Food allergies may be the ultimate cause of itching rear end, inflammation and reduced draining from the anal sac.

Therefore, make notes of the food your pet is allergic to, so that you can avoid feeding such foods.

Dealing with pet odour

Although we deal with different kinds of odours in our home, pet odour issues always seems to be one at the top of our list. So here are some to do lists to maintain a healthy environment both for the pet and pet parent.

  • Keeping the pets clean: Although pets do have their natural odour, their fur picks up odours from urinating and defecating, rolling over their excreta, playing with other animals and the food cooked at home. So, it is best to have a regular bathing routine or wash them when they smell. Finding the correct shampoos also helps a great deal. Check with your vet or groomer for the best pick.
  • Prevention is better than cure: Cleaning of pet’s ears and teeth not only contribute to your pet’s well being, but also helps control pet odour. Dog breeds with long ears need regular cleansing as there may be debris accumulation faster than pointed eared dogs. A routine dental check-up will also help prevent bad breath and periodontal disease.
  • Pet beddings: Pet bedding can accumulate a lot of dirt, resulting in unpleasant odour besides being breeding ground of fleas. Wash the pet beddings regularly with hot water and add white vinegar, then dry thoroughly before being used again. Besides bedding, make sure you wash his collars and accessories too.
  • Confinement of odour causing activities: To help reduce the smell of pet odours, feed pet in one room and wash his feeding and water dishes at least twice a day.
  • Vacuum to clean pet hair: A dog sheds a lot of hair which also contributes to the smell in your house. Therefore, vacuum all carpets and furniture that your pet comes in contact with.

Let’s keep the environment clean for pooches and us

  • Proper disposal: Your pets can be poisoned if they ingest gas, oils or other household cleaning products. Dispose off these properly so that your pets may not come in contact with it.
  • Pick up after your dog: Always carry something to put your dog’s waste in when taking them for a walk. If their waste is left behind, it may not only damage the aesthetic looks of the place but also spread diseases. Scoop up their poop and flush it down the toilet or put it in the trash.
  • Protect your pet: Keep your pets free from disease by vaccinating them and also put a license tag on them.
  • Fresh food and water: Changing pet’s food and water on a regular basis helps in avoiding pest infestation at home. Keeping the feeding area clean will help eliminate dirty pests and insects.

(Dr Ruby Ng Sailo is veterinary officer at State Veterinary Dispensary, Kawnpui, Mizoram).

Groomer’s viewpoint…Smelling nice!

–by Divyang

Every dog, like us, has a particular body odour. If this odour is beyond the desired limits and is irritable, then these are indications of concerns pertaining to his health and hygiene. One or the other following situations can lead to pet odour- prolonged delay in grooming (odour is due to the dirt that has collected in the coat); bad odour from mouth (sign for need of oral hygiene); flatulence (due to improper diet habits); smell from ears (ear infection or presence of mites); while smell from the rectum can be a result that anal glands are not expressed.

Dealing with pet odour: First identify the cause of the odour then take necessary steps to control the odour.

  • In case of odour from mouth, ears and due to flatulence, get advice from vet. Sometimes skin infection, which is not visible, can also release odour, so check for signs. Once you are sure about the cause, you can follow appropriate steps to eradicate the odour problem.
  • Make sure that you clean the pet’s bedding regularly.
  • A proper grooming schedule should be maintained to keep your pet odour-free.
  • Potty scooper and smell eradicating sprays should be carried while you take your pet to parks and other public places.
  • Train your dog to relieve himself at a place decided by you and appreciate him if he follows your instruction well.
  • Maintain cleanliness in his residing area, food and water bowls.

After all, nothing more is as refreshing as returning home after a long day and hugging your sweet smelling pet!

(Divyang runs Pet Inn, a pet centre for boarding, day care and professional training and grooming in Ahmedabad).

Tips to deal with pet odour

–by Shweta Munjal

  • Do not bathe your pet frequently to get rid of the smell. Try and get to the cause of the problem.
  • Dog’s bedding can be slipped with some lavender buds to create a fresh scent.
  • Use a micro fibre towel to remove excess water from the dog’s body, followed by complete drying.
  • Feed your dog with chew sticks made of natural ingredients to keep the teeth clean.
  • Get rid of any parasites like ticks, fleas, mites, etc to keep your dog’s coat healthy.
  • Make brushing of the coat a regular habit (irrespective of the coat type). Brushing can do wonders to the coat and help your dog look clean and healthy.
  • Take your pet for professional grooming at regular intervals to maintain a healthy lifestyle for him.
  • Don’t hesitate to consult a groomer or vet on any of these issues.

A pet’s health is the sole responsibility of the pet parent. So, without wasting time take proper action because if a smelly pet seems unpleasant to you, chances are even he feels the same about himself.

(Shweta Munjal runs Prince of Tails Grooming Salon & Spa in Bengaluru).

30 days & 30 ways of pet parenting

Here are 30 tips to keep your pet fit and fine all the month round.

  1. While adopting pedigreed pups, a veterinary examination of the pup is mandatory and the pup must be a registered with The Kennel Club of India.
  2. Pup should be weaned from his mother at the age of one and half months of age. At this age, the pup receives maximum milk and antibodies from his mother.
  3. Pup should be vaccinated at the age of six to seven weeks of age for diseases like distemper, hepatitis,Complete Care viral gastro, para influenza, adeno virus, leptospirosis, etc. These should be followed by corona virus vaccine and then rabies vaccine.
  4. Get your dog regularly dewormed.
  5. Before giving bath, both the ears of the dog should be plugged with cotton to prevent infection and entry of water into the ear canal.
  6. Give daily exercise, depending upon type of breed and age of the dog.
  7. Diet of the dog should be decided as per his age and breed.
  8. Daily grooming should be done.
  9. Give bath once in a month or needed but only with dog shampoo.
  10. Get a habit of handling and cleaning the dog teeth with soft brush by using dog tooth paste.
  11. Periodically get the ear cleaned and the nails trimmed by your vet.
  12. Do not apply Dettol, oil, lotion or any human soap or shampoo to dog’s body as it may cause allergy.
  13. Pups below three months of age need not require bath. Clean them with a moist towel.
  14. Do not give sweets, spices, salts, sugar, oil and chocolates.
  15. Do not give chicken or mutton bones as it may cause obstruction and injuries in the bowels.
  16. Do not give raw meat or chicken as it may transmit parasitic and infectious diseases.
  17. Do not give raw egg as it may cause hair loss and biotin deficiency.
  18. Do not feed them table scraps.
  19. Do not allow your pet to come in contact with other stray dogs.
  20. Always clean the feeding utensils and always give fresh food and water.
  21. In long-haired breeds, such as Lhasa Apso, Afghan Hound, etc, hair around the ear opening should be clipped periodically to maintain good ventilation.
  22. Always take your pet dog on leash while walking on the street.
  23. Start training your dog early to make him an obedient dog.
  24. Check the foot pads, ears and body for ticks and fleas.
  25. Never keep your dog alone in a car. When travelling in a car, ensure that there is good ventilation.
  26. Minimum 18 months old stud dog should be used for breeding purpose.
  27. Consult the veterinary surgeon if your dog suffers from vomiting, diarrhoea or any infectious disease.
  28. Protect your dog against extreme heat and cold.
  29. Skin infection such as scabies, demodectic mange and fungal infection are transmissible to human beings. In such case consult the vet and treat your dog immediately.
  30. Do not neglect or tie your dog.

(Dr Hemant Jain, MVSc (Surgery) is a dog, cat & bird practitioner who runs Dogs, Cats & Birds Clinic in Nagpur).