Age- 2 month old
Gender- Female Pup
Description- Vaccinated, healthy and playful located in foster homes in Andheri West
Contact at- 9821327618 (Save Our Strays Mumbai)
Age- 2 month old
Gender- Female Pup
Description- Vaccinated, healthy and playful located in foster homes in Andheri West
Contact at- 9821327618 (Save Our Strays Mumbai)
Dr KG Umesh: What about his siblings? Collect his family history if available. It is likely to be a congenital or inherited problem. Check with your vet for presence of any physical or skeletal abnormality.
Q: The ears of my five-month-old GSD are not standing. Her sister who is the same age does not have this problem. Also, my Pug is suffering from a runny nose. Please do help.
Dr KG Umesh: If there are no signs of ear infection, this can be considered ‘normal’ and many a time they become erect as ear cartilage becomes tough. Wait and watch until he grows to an adult (14-16 months of age).
Running nose, like fever, is merely a symptom of a disease. Dogs can have nasal discharge for a variety of reasons including irritation from allergies, change in climate, inhaled gases and foreign bodies. Discharge can also result from inflammation of the upper or lower airways. Fever and purulent discharge is common with some infections like distemper or pneumonia. Likewise, if discharge develops in one nostril, you should also consider growths or tumours as one of the causes. The best way to rule out all these diseases and to have specific treatment is get him examined as early as possible. Your vet is the right person to decide what test to be done immediately. Your vet might prescribe few medicines to suppress discharge symptomatically till all the investigations are complete.
Q: I want to keep a small breed as I have two kids aged three and seven years. Do advise a breed. Also, I want to make the dog sleep in the children’s room. Is this fine?
–Manisha Sinha, Ranchi
Dr KG Umesh: You have variety of small breeds to choose for companionship. Long-haired dogs like Yorkshire Terrier or Lhasa Apso can be very attractive, but they need regular grooming to keep their coat clean and in good condition. The coats of smooth-haired dogs like Dachshund or Pug need less attention and are more manageable in wet weather. Male dogs tend to be larger than females of the same breed and may be a little more extrovert. Some people think that female dogs are more affectionate and home-loving and may be better with children, but remember they come into season twice a year as part of their reproductive cycle, unless you are prepared to have her neutered. Jack Russell Terriers, Shih Tzu and Pomeranian are also equally good companion pets. There are number of diseases that are transmitted from pets to humans by scratch, bite, contact with discharges, faecal contamination, direct contact, etc. However, most cases of human infections can be prevented by practising good personal hygiene, eliminating parasites through regular deworming, vaccination and providing clean environment for them. Follow normal hygiene precautions about keeping dogs. Wash or change bedding frequently. Dispose excreta properly. Do not allow pets to lick children’s faces. Discourage kids sharing bed with pets. Lastly, keep pet animals healthy, have any signs of illness diagnosed and treated promptly by your vet and take your pets for regular medical check-up.
Q: Bingo is a 10 months old Labrador who keeps licking the wall. Do let us know how to stop this habit.
Dr KG Umesh: Puppies investigate their environment by sniffing, tasting and perhaps chewing or licking on objects as part of normal behaviour. In some cases, chewing might be an attention seeking behaviour even if it yields negative attention or results in chasing or scolding. Anxiety, conflict or high-arousal situations may result in destruction and chewing of the pet parent’s possessions and perhaps attempts to escape by chewing windows, doors, or the area in which the dog is confined. The dog may chew to escape or roam because of inadequate exercise, stimulation or environmental enrichment. Repetitive chewing that is difficult to distract or redirect might be a compulsive disorder. Begin treatment by redirecting chewing/licking to suitable and appealing alternatives – provide sufficient play and exercise, and prevent access to areas where the dog might lick. Give the puppy a choice of chew toys to determine which ones he finds most appealing. Lastly, you can try applying the wall with bitter substance to discourage licking. Although this behaviour is unlikely to be associated with any nutritional deficiency, make sure that he is fed on a reputed commercial well-balanced puppy food.
Q: I noticed blood like particles in my dog’s urine. He is a seven years old Dalmatian. He is drinking more water and
I also noticed an increase in the frequency and volume of urine. Please help.
–Vibhor Sharma, Jallandhar
Dr KG Umesh: If your pet is drinking and urinating more than normal, it can be a diagnostic challenge because of long list of causes. Excessive drinking and urination exist concurrently, with determination as to which is the primary problem being one of the major diagnostic challenges. In addition to increased frequency of urination, if you see any additional signs like urination in inappropriate places, difficulty when urinating, discoloured urine, strong and/or foul smelling urine, lethargy and fever, it may indicate presence of urinary tract infection (UTI). Dalmatians are prone to develop urinary stones and can predispose him to develop urinary tract infection. Excessive thirst and increased frequency of urination may also be indicative of other diseases that commonly affect older dogs including kidney failure, diabetes and Cushing’s Disease.
It’s important for your vet to determine what is causing these symptoms so that your dog can be treated appropriately. Depending on examination findings, your vet may recommend blood, urine, radiograph and ultrasonography to uncover the cause. Stones in urinary tract can be managed with conventional surgical procedures or lithotripsy and can be managed with medications and diet to prevent recurrence.
(Dr K G Umesh (MVSc, MSc (UK)) is a Postgraduate in Clinical Medicine. He has been a lecturer in clinical medicine at Vet College in Bangalore for 15 years, and has won the ‘best teacher’ award in the year 2000. He is a member of European Society for Vet Dermatology and is currently working for WALTHAM as Regional Associate for South Asia.)
Bringing home your little bundle of joy is definitely a lot of fun and excitement, but there’s a lot more of work that goes along with it than play. But with a little preparation and patience you can make your lil’ one comfortable and happy.
First things first, we all know we get very excited to see the cute new family member and the pup is bound to get a lot of attention but it is also important to know that she has left familiar surroundings with a warm, comforting pile of siblings to enter a completely new environment filled with unfamiliar objects and new people and she is obviously vulnerable and impressionable.
Visit to the vet: Take her to a veterinarian for a physical examination. Take your vet’s advice on health, nutrition and grooming needs. It is best to make a list of all your questions pertaining to the little one’s well being.
Puppy proof the house: Before you bring home the pup, puppy proof your house. Do not keep valuable things on the floor or unattended. Also please note the wires or extension boards to be wrapped and kept in a safe place as you never know the pup can bite it off, leading to some medical emergency,” says Sachin Rawte, Canine Behaviourist, Schutzhund/ IPO and KNPV Training Specialist from Mumbai.
Be patient: Just as humans do, puppies have a similar closeness toward their family. “They prefer the safety and comfort of their family’s company, hence can feel uncomfortable in a new environment. Do not be worried if your puppy is scared or apprehensive on the first day,” tells Hrishika Basappa of Anvis Inc, Bengaluru.
Exploration spree: Let her sniff around the house. “On arrival at home, let her get acquainted
with all your family members and the rooms of your home,” says Dr Natasha Couto of Cuddle Pet Shop & Clinic, Mumbai.
Watch her continuously: Keep an eye on her constantly. “Give your puppy space to explore if she wishes, but don’t let her out of your sight for too long. Think of her as you have a child who can’t be left unwatched,” tells Sachin.
Fun with toys: Toss a few squeaky toys and teethers to make her feel more comfortable in her new home, tells Dr Natasha. “They keep her busy, especially if she’s teething and in the mood to sink her teeth into something,” adds Sachin.
Let her sleep: Play with her quietly and gently. Don’t flood her with attention and activity.” If she looks like she wants to sleep or seems to be tired or timid, leave the pup for a while to rest. Puppies need lots of sleep,” advises Sachin.
Give her space: Give your little pup some quality space. Let her do what she wants to do. “As it’s a new place, let her explore around,” says Sachin.
Food facts: Keep your pup on her accustomed food. You would have to consult the breeder or the shop/vet you picked up your pup regarding her diet and feeding schedules. “Do not overfeed the dog as it can upset her stomach which can again put her in little trauma,” advises Sachin.
“It’s fine to switch her to new food in a few days, as long as you do it gradually. Some time on account of separation anxiety, your puppy may refuse to eat the first night,” advises
Fresh drinking water: “Make sure there is easy access to water, as it is important to keep her hydrated,” says Hrishika.
Dealing with separation anxiety: Day one in the new home would be the most frightful day for the puppy since
she has spent all her days surrounded by warm bodies of her mother and siblings. As a result, she may not sleep at all. “Separation anxiety is a normal part of acclimatising to a new home,” says Dr Natasha.
Place to sleep: Importantly keep her close to you but do not allow her to sleep on your bed. “If possible, let the puppy sleep in your room with you. I feel that this lets your puppy feel as though she is part of your pack. The puppy should have her own bed or in a crate if you are crate-training,” advises Sachin.
“Please take care the puppy’s room is cosy,” adds Dr Revathi Gotety of Pet Clinic, Bengaluru.
“The puppy’s bedding should be easily washable. Remember to have a crate proportionate to the puppy’s size” advises Dr Revathi.
“Many experts advise setting up a crate in your bedroom or just outside the open bedroom door. This way you will be able to hear each other in case the pup cries at night. You can make the crate cosy with a blanket and a toy. You should also spread newspaper around the crate so that the puppy can relieve herself outside and not soil the bedding,” adds Sonya Kochhar of Canine Elite, New Delhi.
Making bedtime comfy: You also can put a hot water bag wrapped under the cloth with a small clock wrapped in cloth and keep it in the place where puppy is going to sleep as it will give the warmth to the puppy and ticking of clock will resemble the heartbeat of the litter-mates which he is going to miss for a while. “A good idea is to keep a toy, preferably with the smell of her littermates for the pup to snuggle with,” adds Dr Revathi.
Handling relieving issues: “Take the pup to relieve herself after each meal. After the last meal in the night, play with the pup for some time and allow her to relieve herself at a convenient spot in the house like the terrace/balcony/bathroom or even a strategically placed newspaper. This interaction helps the puppy settle better,” advises Dr Revathi.
“Puppies tend to relieve themselves in small amounts several times, so be patient. Afterwards, reward the pup with a pat and words of praise,” adds Sonya.
Puppy diapers or puppy training pads may also be used for any night calls. In spite of all the measures, be prepared for any untimely and misplaced puddles or dog poop in the room.
“The puppy will wake up several times during the night to relieve herself and will whine and whimper,” adds Dr Natasha. “Sometimes simply talking/cuddling the pup for a few minutes may help allay her loneliness,” further adds Dr Revathi.
“Your puppy will bond best with you when she is surrounded by your scent and knows you are right there. When she wakes you in the middle of the night, which generally means she needs to potty, and you should take her word for it. Take her outside, and wait for her to squat and do her business, and then take her back to her crate, turn out the lights, and go back to sleep. Always remember one thing that dog never likes to mess her own area where she sleeps, she will rather choose another place than her own place,” adds Sachin.
Training tips: “Once the puppy is accustomed to the place, you can reward her with treats after her responding to your calls or given names,” advises Sachin.
Positive reinforcement: Do not, at any cost, yell at your puppy or rush at her if she does something wrong. “You can gently deter her from bad behaviours, but don’t frighten her. Teach her. She’s exploring a new place. The whole world is new to her, and her early experiences make lasting impressions,” advises Sachin.
Introduction to other pets: If you have other pets, introduce your puppy gradually. “If you have other dogs at your home it is advisable to introduce them outside the premises of your house/apartment. Allow the older dogs to sniff the puppy. Allow them to get to know each other. Let the introduction be no longer than 10 minutes,” advises Hrishika. “It’s best to keep kitties and your puppy in separate rooms for a few days,” insists Sachin.
Train the family: Training the family is also very essential. “Make sure all the members of the family understand the rules and routine, such as no sleeping on the bed and no jumping up. This is difficult because everyone will be very excited at the pup’s arrival. Routine is as important for puppies. It’s a key part of creating a secure environment for your new canine member!” advises Sonya.
Always remember bringing home a new puppy is truly one of life’s joys. “Your first day with your puppy marks the beginning of your life together-the beginning of the bonding process that establishes your lifelong relationship with your dog,” concludes Sachin. “The handling of the puppy by the family members in a gentle, patient manner in first few days helps to forge a strong bond of trust and love between them,” adds Dr Revathy.
Good luck, as you are starting on a fantastic journey with your new best friend!
(With inputs from Dr Revathi Gotety, Pet Clinic, Bengaluru; Sonya Kochhar, Canine Elite, New Delhi; Dr Natasha Couto, Cuddle Pet Shop, Mumbai; Hrishika Basappa of Anvis Inc, Bengaluru and Sachin Rawte, Canine Behaviourist, Schutzhund/ IPO and KNPV Training Specialist, Mumbai.)
Looking to bring a puppy home? Whether you are considering a Pedigreed pooch or a mutt, would-be pet parents must not walk blindly into the adoption process without thinking it out thoroughly. Here are 10 tips to help you along this process.
01 Adopting a puppy at the wrong time: The wrong time could be for both the puppy and the prospective pet parents. Never adopt a puppy who is less than six weeks old. It is the puppy’s birth right to receive love and nourishment from his mother and play with his siblings. The mother’s milk is also full of immunoglobulins which protect the puppy until the age of two months. If you feel the breeder is trying to pass a really small puppy as older (yes, this happens) gets a vet to examine him.
Do not adopt a puppy when there is a major emotional or financial upheaval at home. Getting a dog
during a major cash crunch, just before moving to a new city or even just after a new baby in the house puts too much pressure on both parties. Puppies and pet parents need to spend a lot of quality time together. So time it right.
02 Bringing home the wrong dog: Fell in love with the little Golden Retriever puppy in the pet store window? Find those waifish eyes and goofy face irresistible? He’s so tiny right? Well, he is now. But remember, he is going to grow to an 80 pound adult. That’s a lot of dog to fit in one tiny apartment. Get a Dachshund instead. He’s probably not going to take up much room.
03 Breed specific idiosyncrasies: While every breed comes with certain qualities, they also have some problems. Most large and giant breed of dogs in India have canine hip dysplasia. Brachycephalic breeds (flat-nosed) come with problems like Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS, dry eye syndrome) and short airway syndrome. Presence of such conditions is difficult to determine at the time of adoption. However, they are invariably present. Speak to your vet about the breed you have in mind before adopting. Be prepared to make major changes in your current lifestyle to improve your dog’s quality of life. Large breed dogs need carpeted flooring at home and lots of walking outdoors. KCS requires frequent administration of eye drops, probably throughout life.
04 Immunisations: A puppy adopted at six weeks of age must receive his first immunisation within one week. Immunisation schedule may vary from region to region, even practice to practice. However, the fact remains that the complete immunisation schedule must be followed. Find a reputed vet and choose a good brand of vaccines. These vaccines must be maintained under ‘cold-chain’, which means the temperature must be maintained between four and eight degrees centigrade from the time it is manufactured to the time it is administered to your pet. Otherwise the injected vaccine may not produce the desired level of immunity.
05 Feeding your puppy baby food: Most new pet parents start feeding their new arrivals with human infant food like ‘Cerelac’. Unfortunately the nutritional requirements of an infant puppy are different from that of a human infant. In a period of accelerated growth, like that which is observed in the first few weeks of a puppy’s life, nutritional deficiencies could lead to skin and growth disorders.
Breeders most often wean puppies onto puppy food, so when adopting a puppy, make sure you find out which brand was being fed, the consistency of the food and frequency. It is critical that you keep the puppy on this same food for the first three days after his arrival to avoid indigestion. Then change him over to starter food slowly, over the period of a week.
06 Overfeeding your puppy: Let’s just all agree, it’s the Indian attitude to express love through food. But that is not true, either for humans or for dogs. Overfeeding a puppy leads to obesity later on in life. This leads to a number of problems including osteoarthritis and crippling lameness in some dogs. Therefore, only feed as recommended on the diet chart present on every bag of dog food.
07 Not exercising your pet enough: Long before dogs were domesticated, they were predators. They hunted in packs for food. The same instinct endeared their lupine forefathers to human. Dogs were initially domesticated to protect and hunt for man. Later on, they were used for herding. Of late, however, dogs are adopted just to be loved. Humans often forget that dogs have very keen minds and need good physical and mental activity to cater to their primeval instincts. People underestimate how much energy lies bundled up in their dogs. This is the reason dogs resort to destructive behaviour – because they have little else to do.
So, take your little pooch over to the walled terrace or front yard for a good romp. Later on, after she is immunised, put on your jogging shoes and take her out for a walk, at least twice daily.
08 Obedience training: Obedience training is the canine version of education. Obedience training should never be an attempt to turn your dog into an automaton. It, however, is the key to good communication between you and your pet. For example, instinct dictates a dog on a leash must pull. According to the dog, by pulling, he is only doing what he thinks is the right thing to do. Of course, the pet parent is going through hell trying to keep his dog from being run over. Leash walking, which is a part of obedience training, educates the dog that by walking next to the pet parent and letting him lead will keep them both happy.
Enlist the help of a good trainer to help with canine communication. Start young. Obedience training starts with potty training.
09 Sterilisation: Every pet puppy needs to be sterilised. Period. Do not be taken in by people saying that a female dog must be bred at least once in her life-time to satisfy her emotional craving for motherhood. Remember, in the wild, not all the females of the pack breed. It is only the alpha male and female who produce the little ones. The submissive females are all eliminated by a disease called pyometra (pus in the uterus). Sterilisation in the female is a permanent procedure, involving the removal of the ovaries and uterus. Studies have shown that sterilising a female dog before her first heat cycle (at around five months age) reduces the chances of mammary tumours (breast cancer) drastically, later in life.
Neutering (sterilisation) of young male dogs at around the age of five months reduces hormone induced aggression. Whole (unsterilised) males are prone to perineal hernias and prostatomegaly (prostatic enlargement) in later life. The sterilisation procedure does not affect their territorial behaviour – they will still continue to guard their home.
However, you will be gifting them a longer and healthier life.
10 First aid: Puppies attract trouble. They sniff, chew and lick in an attempt to explore their rapidly expanding world. Puppy proofing your house is definitely a good idea. But accidents do happen. There are times when the symptoms are overt – like a wound or vomiting. However, many people do not know whether their puppy has fever. Therefore it is essential that pet parents learn a few ‘first aid’ techniques like how to clean and dress a wound, how to check your pet’s temperature, how to administer oral medication to your puppy, etc.
A puppy is a wonderful new addition to you family. Let’s make it a beautiful experience for all involved.
(Dr Kadambari Venkatraman is a self confessed cynophiliac. She shares her home with two dogs and a number of other transient boarders she fosters. She has a Masters in Veterinary Surgery and Radiology and currently works with Animal Care Clinic in Hyderabad as a Consultant Veterinary Surgeon).
As a new pup owner, it is extremely essential for you to know what is correct for the pup, right from proofing the home, settling him in, to his diet management, vaccination process, training and YES grooming. Here are a few Do’s and Don’ts for pup grooming.
Keeping your pup regularly groomed, neat & clean can save your pet from a lot of health hazards and uncalled for visits to his vet. Regular grooming will not only help keep your pup’s skin and coat in good condition but will also prevent mats and tangles.
Grooming sessions always help in bonding with these four-legged wonders.
(Preeti & Sanjeev Kumar of Scooby Scrub (Delhi) are professional certified groomers (Thailand) and animal welfare workers).
–by Preeti and Sanjeev Kumar
More and more pet parents are realising the need to spend their time with their pets and look for ways and means to be with them 24×7. Though it is a welcome step but sometimes it can cause ill effects to our darling pooches. Nowadays, pet parents have started taking their pets on vacation, office, parties and even pubs…. Though it is a wonderful idea to spend time with your pet, but doggies in a pub???
A couple in Shaldon, Devon, regularly took their pet Collie Archie to a pub, ever since he was a pup. There he developed a strange liking for cigarette smoke. He loved to sniff the smoke and watch it disappear in air. After smoking was banned in pubs, Archie could not get his share of nicotine and started showing all the withdrawl symptoms. The poor dog is suffering just because his parents could not distinguish between what is good or bad for him.
This incident makes me realise that people are still not aware about how to take proper care of their canines. Dogs are like children who cannot differentiate between right and wrong. It is our duty to guide them and take care of them. We cannot let our children suffer and so we should strive to become responsible parents and not let our pooches suffer!
It is with this thought that we have started D&P’s journey into its fourth year. Congratulatory messages have poured from all directions from our wonderful readers. We are trying our best to live up to their expectations and make D&P a true friend of all tailwaggers and their parents.