Our female German Shepherd is eight years old. She has not been mated, can she now be mated?

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Reproduction efficiency including fertility decreases as age advances (generally after 5 to 6 years of age). Likewise, puppy mortality also increases as age of female dog increases. There is no evidence whatsoever that allowing a dog to have mated or a litter of puppies makes it a better pet. There are several health benefits to neutering/spaying than undesirable effects.

Question by – Anantha, Chennai

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